UPDATE: Announcement of room temperature superconductors from highly compressed silicon and hydrogen was premature in journal Science by Saskatchewan, Canada and German researchers. The transition temperature was low for the data that they had but they believe there is pressure zone that performs better
There are hints of superconductivity at 200K for aluminum nanoclusters. Not all three requirements for superconductivity confirmation are met. Plus the nanoclusters are of limited practical use. If confirmed maybe some kind of suspension or nanoparticle structure could be used. There have been million nanoparticle structures into a 3 dimensional form put together with DNA to form new crystals.
Superconductors that would work at room temperature or with cheaper refridgeration and that can be produced in large volumes would revolutionize energy distribution and could improve all kinds of technology.
Like the 181K superconductor reported in January of 2008, the 185K superconductor appeared as a minority phase in a 1223/1212 host that was doped with extra Tm and Cu (see structure types at page bottom).
Through trail and error Tc was found to peak with slightly more Lead and slightly less Indium than the 181K formulation. Eight separate tests of the compound (Sn1.0Pb0.5In0.5)Ba4Tm5Cu7O20+ produced an average Tc of 185.6K. Interestingly, the 3-to-1 ratio of 4A to 3A metals in the insulating layer is also the ratio that produces the highest transition temperatures among binary alloy superconductors.
In October of 2007, superconductivity near 175K was detected at ambient pressure in an Sn-In-Tm intergrowth. By doping roughly 28% of the Sn atomic sites of that molecule with Pb, Tc is increased further to 181K (183K magnetic). The revised chemical formula thus becomes (Sn1.0Pb0.4In0.6)Ba4Tm5Cu7O20+ with a 1245/1212 (non-stoichiometric) structure.
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