Graphene films of the order of centimeters were grown on copper substrates by chemical vapor deposition using methane. The films are predominantly single-layer graphene with a small percentage,
Anticipated Uses for Graphene Electronics
“Graphene could lead to faster computers that use less power, and to other sorts of devices for communications such as very high-frequency (radio-frequency-millimeter wave) devices,” said Professor and physical chemist Rod Ruoff, one of the corresponding authors on the Science article.
“Graphene might also find use as optically transparent and electrically conductive films for image display technology and for use in solar photovoltaic electrical power generation.”
Graphene, an atom-thick layer of carbon atoms bonded to one another in a “chickenwire” arrangement of hexagons, holds great potential for nanoelectronics, including memory, logic, analog, opto-electronic devices and potentially many others. It also shows promise for electrical energy storage for supercapacitors and batteries, for use in composites, for thermal management, in chemical-biological sensing and as a new sensing material for ultra-sensitive pressure sensors.
“There is a critical need to synthesize graphene on silicon wafers with methods that are compatible with the existing semiconductor industry processes,” Ruoff said. “Doing so will enable nanoelectronic circuits to be made with the exceptional efficiencies that the semiconductor industry is well known for.”