Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak met with top military commanders as tens of thousands of protesters defied a curfew and gathered in central Cairo, chanting slogans against the prime minister and vice president he just named.
Whoever rules Egypt will be determined by the support of the Egyptian military.
The Egyptian Revolution of 1952 also known as the July 23 Revolution, began on July 23, 1952, with a military coup d’état by a group of young army officers who named themselves “The Free Officers Movement”. The revolution was initially aimed at overthrowing King Farouk I. However, the movement had more political ambitions and soon moved to abolish the constitutional monarchy and establish a republic. The success of the revolution inspired numerous Arab and African countries to remove pro-Western and specifically pro-British Empire and pro-French Empire monarchies and potentates behind the veil of ending corrupt regimes.
On Wednesday morning, 23 July 1952, a military coup occurred in Egypt, carried out by The “Free Officers” and led by General Naguib, but the real power behind the military coup was Gamal Abdel Nasser. Aided by intelligence provided by the two super-powers and their own network, the Free Officers Movement targeted command, control, and communications posts of the Army and Internal Ministry. Several police sections that had been successfully penetrated aided in rounding up key personnel of the royal government.