PESN – In most of the tests performed on the E-Cat (Energy Catalyzer), a constant input of energy has been utilized. The reason a constant input has been used up to this point, is due to the tendency of the output of the system to increase rapidly when in a self sustaining mode. If the output cannot be reduced, the system can go out of control. Problems with self-sustained operation are being resolved.
Here is a comment on this topic from Rossi’s blog, “The Journal of Nuclear Physics.”
The E-Cats were working making steam WITHOUT energy input. This is why you see us so focused (me and Stremmenos). The 1 MW plant, probably will work mostly without energy input, I suppose, because we are resolving the safety issues connected.
Confirmation the Catalyst and Fuel is Super Cheap
Three critical factors make the E-Cat technology produce enough output power to make it ready for the marketplace.
– First, the nickel powder is somehow enriched so that it contains more of two specific isotopes. These are N-62 and N-64. These two isotopes are the ones that participate in the most fusion reactions.
– Secondly, the nickel powder is processed in such a way that tubercles or protrusions form on it. After this processing, the nickel may resemble filamentary nickel. This may allow for more reaction sites where the hydrogen can fuse with the nickel.
– Third, a catalyst is used that helps to break apart the molecular hydrogen into atomic hydrogen. We also know that it is not mixed in with the nickel powder, but is placed in the reactor afterwards. There is a lot of speculation about what this catalyst or catalysts might be. Some people speculate it might be a form of carbon, such as graphite.
In the past, Rossi has stated that the processing of the nickel powder only increased the cost of it by ten percent. Now, he states that the ten percent figure includes the cost of the catalyst. This confirms that the catalyst is super cheap.
– The agenda of the 1 MW presentation will be announced through their website by mid-October.
– Defkalion has had units (which they call Hyperions) in continuous operation for months. When their testing is finished, the results will be published.
– Testing of Hyperion units by Greek government officials took place the first ten days of July. These tests were to determine the safety and performance of the units. The protocols used and the results of these tests should be published, “very soon.”
– Defkalion has tested self sustaining systems. In these systems, once the device is brought up to the proper temperature, the input is cut off and heat continues to be produced.
– At this moment, the highest temperature of steam produced by a Hyperion is 414C. This is not because steam cannot be made hotter, but because higher temperatures can exceed the specifications of components.
– They have never performed a test in which the output of a Hyperion was less than 19 times the input. Usually, it is in the range of 20 to 30 times the input.
– Although a one megawatt unit will be demonstrated in October, their highest power device will produce 3.45 megawatts of thermal energy and fit inside a 20 foot container.
– The lead shielding required to block gamma rays has been reduced to only 3 millimeters.