PDGT has successfully completed its scientific, technological and engineering steps necessary to sustain such a reaction with results exceeding a COP of 20 (20 times more energy out than what is put in) and with temperatures capable to exceed 650 degrees Celsius.
As it was announced in our November 30th Press Release, a series of third party tests on Hyperion products have been scheduled to be performed within the first months of 2012, immediately after our product’s certification. This announcement does not refer to such product tests.
Independent tests have already been scheduled. With this announcement, PDGT welcomes further requests from internationally recognized and reputable scientific and business organizations interested to conduct their independent tests on “bare” Hyperion Reactors.
Summary of what successful independent tests and commercialization means
Defkalion has announced that they will commercialize low energy nuclear reactions.
An energy catalyzer that produces over 20 times the power that is put into it. Just before commercialization later this year, Defkalion is inviting what appears to be truly independent third party tests.
This relates to the buzz about the Rossi energy catalyzer. Defkalion and Rossi were partners but then they split.
If this is proved and the commercial devices work as promised then the world will be massively changed. Over the next few years as factories spring up around the world, the basic energy technology will be transformed.
It would also mean access to space would be transformed with the energy source being millions of times more energy dense than chemicals. Energy prices over the next several years could fall by ten to one hundred times. This would cause a global economic boom. Concerns about air pollution, peak oil, resource limitations would fade as energy capacity and availability would increase by thousands of times. The air pollution issues would go away as coal and natural gas plants and engines for cars are all replaced.
Hyperion C pre-industrial prototype (Casing, isolations and security components omitted)
Defkalion Green Technologies s.a. was established for the purpose to manufacture and release to the market products based on the Andrea Rossi E-Cat invention; essentially undertaking the path from invention to industrialization on a global scale. There is no government financing involved. Defkalion and Rossi then split and Defkalion developed their own low energy nuclear reaction process.
Tests will be conducted following mutually agreed protocols based on the general principles herein.
* Measurement of excess heat produced by reactions within Hyperion reactors
* Measurement of “bare” Hyperion Reactor COP (i.e. total energy consumed versus energy produced)
* Measurement of radioactivity during testing
* Measurement of reactor’s stability using its control mechanisms
Type of Testing
Parallel run of two identical Hyperion Reactors connected in parallel to the same electric energy sources for pre-heating and the same Hydrogen input source.
The active Reactor #1 will be equipped and prepared ready to trigger and sustain a steady reaction.
The Reactor #2 will be empty of any powders and with all triggering and control mechanisms deactivated.
Following a parallel test run of both Reactors for at least 48 hours, the two Reactors will be switched for a second run (Reactor #1 empty and Reactor #2 active) in order to authenticate the same results.
Configuration & Measurements
Both Reactors are of the same configuration, placed in the same room with a 50-60cm distance from each other.
Both reactors will be identically isolated.
Calibrated thermocouples of the same type will be connected inside each Reactor chamber and attached in the outer surface of each reactor. All four thermocouples will report their measurements to the same data logger and PC logging software.
The pressure of the Hydrogen circuit will be monitored and logged with the same sample rate as the thermocouples logging (i.e. 1/sec).
All electric consuming devises attached to the Reactors will be measured and logged (Volt and Amps). All electric supplies to the reactors will be through a UPS unit to avoid grid problems and any possible fluctuations.
Monitoring of any type of radioactivity from the tested Reactors will be performed following a 24hours measurement of the testing environment, to be used as base measurement.
It is expected that tests will conclude a COP in excess of 20
Publication of Protocols and Results
The detailed test protocols will be published by PGDT before any third party test is performed.
Test results may be published by the independent evaluators in the media they choose and in our site, jointly.
Hyperion products will be introduced into the global market with applications for buildings, agriculture and industrial energy needs.
Beyond the completion of the final product with all necessary certificates, our company has three key objectives for 2012:
1. Agreements with companies for exclusive licenses according to country / territory. We have received interest in our license agreements from 850 companies from 60 countries. They have already received an invitation for testing our products on the basis of a license for their country. We expect to sign contracts in 2012 and have already started talks.
2. Third party independent tests for scientific purposes and advancement of theory Praxen – Defkalion Green Technologies is a strong supporter of LENR technologies globally. Greece can become the global centre for R and D on LENR technologies. We have already received numerous requests from leading scientific authorities, academic institutions and national laboratories from key countries to conduct tests on our products. Our policy is to accept their requests, under agreed protocol, and to allow publication of their findings. The process of agreeing to dates for such tests depends on the availability of our staff and labs, keeping in mind that we run a business, not a technology show room.
3. R and D-based joint venture partnerships with companies in niche market applications. There are many applications that stand alone Hyperion products cannot service. In these cases, we will enter into joint venture agreements with companies that have specialized know-how and technologies in their field, but who will be able to utilize and capitalize on our technology to create entirely new products with ours. Examples of such partnerships have come from interested companies in the fields of marine propulsion, water desalination, off-shore drilling, trains, telecom towers, heavy vehicles, and micro energy sources. These agreements will be consistent with Praxen – Defkalion Green Technologies Global product development and R and D efforts.
More Specifications for single kernel
from page 18 of the 21 page spec sheet
Energy consumption – less than 200 watt hours
Recharge every 6 months with new powder
COP better than 1:25
Nine Kernel Unit
Energy consumption is less than 310 watt hours
Recharge hydrogen 6-12 month
Recharge powder 6-34 months
COP better than 1:32
Jed Rothwell discusses the Static Calorimetry versus Flow Calorimetry
“No other measurements (e.g. calorimetry), will be performed during such ‘bare’ Reactor testing.”
Above that you describe “Differential Thermal Analysis.” That is calorimetry. It is the kind of calorimetry Fleischmann and Miles prefer, sometimes called “static” calorimetry. You are doing a comparison between a blank reactor with no powder and an active reactor.
I think what you mean is that flow calorimetry or other types of calorimetry will not be done. Only static calorimetry.
Static calorimetry is fine. It requires more calibration than flow calorimetry. The output power level can only be determined in reference to the calibration curve.
Some people here got the impression you meant that the inner thermocouples would be installed by Defkalion. I think your clarification means the thermocouples will be supplied by and placed by the independent people doing the tests.
Calibrate across the full range of expected output power. If you expect anomalous power to be 8 kW, calibrate at 3, 6 and 9 kW, not 1, 2 and 3 kW.
Re-calibrate at the end of the run.
With side-by-side reactors you can use another technique. You can vary the input to make output temperatures equal. Suppose that with the active reactor you input 1 kW and the temperature rises 40°C. You raise the input power to the control reactor until it, too, goes up 40°C. You see this takes 3 kW. That tells you there is 2 kW of anomalous heat. (You have already established that the heat transfer coefficient is the same for both reactors.)
Martin Fleischmann did extensive first-principle analyses of the heat transfer from his cells. He could predict the response. That is to say, even without a calibration he knew what temperature the cell would reach at a given input power level. However, he emphasizes that a calibration is essential anyway, with any type of calorimeter, including flow calorimeters.
Fleischmann can measure heat accurately to within a few milliwatts with an isoperibolic calorimeter. He prefers this type to flow calorimeters, because it is physically simpler, with no moving parts. He says with this type, the complexity is in the software rather than the hardware.