May 03, 2013

Update on Rossi and Defkalion in the World of Cold Fusion

A reader asked about what is happening with cold fusion. As usual the claims are big but as yet not validated. As usual the big impact of commercialization is expected in about 12 to 18 months.

I think various aspects of this relate to part of the Futurama episode Raging Bender.

Foreman: This could be the most one-sided fight since 1973 when Ali faced an 80-foot tall mechanical Joe Frazier. M-My memory's not what it used to be but I think the entire Earth was destroyed.

Rich Little impersonating Howard Cosel: Interesting, if true. The Vegas odds tonight stand at an unprecedented 1000-0; a bet of $0 on Bender pays $1000 if he wins. Still, very few takers.

Foreman: It's not-not a smart bet.

1. Rossi reportedly delivered 3 reactors to U.S. partners.

* The three are each different types of reactors.

- One is the classic version 1 MW thermal.
- The other two are the two prototypes.
A Gas-Cat (the E-Cat which lights up with a natural gas and does not need to be connected to the network)
A Hot Cat (the cold fusion reactor that reaches temperatures of 600 degrees).

All three are designed for industrial use, but in the case of the prototypes will use still experimental, because they expect certifications

The reactors were built in Italy, while the partner is the United States. The industrial capacity claimed by Rossi in the U.S. has not yet reached mature levels.

2. PESN - Defkalion is tackling around 20 major applications of their LENR reactor through contracts with several licensees, including some major players. Price point expected to be around 1/10 of what we presently pay for power. First product expected by second quarter 2014. Public reactor demo expected for NI Week in August.

Last October, Defkalion moved from near Athens, Greece to Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, citing both challenges found in Greece as well as opportunities in Vancouver. It was taking far to long to get materials in Greece, and the Greek government wasn't being very helpful; whereas both the provincial and federal government in Vancouver have been more than accommodating, opening doors, and encouraging them. The Mayor of Vancouver has a goal of their city becoming the greenest city on earth by 2020. Also, Alex spent some of his youth growing up in Vancouver, so he has a lot of contacts there, which has been helpful as well.

Though the move took longer than expected the Defkalion laboratories have been operating since February 15.

Xanthoulis states that each reactor is working at 5 kW and operating at between 350-500 degrees Celsius. The reactor needs to be heated to 180 C before the reaction takes place, and then the reaction is maintained.

Twenty applications of the Defkalion system with partners:

Water Desalination
District Heating
Telecommunications Towers

Defkalion is taking on the shipping application themselves. A large cargo ship (18,000 to 20,000 tons) can go through $20,000 worth of fuel each day, but with Defkalion's technology, those costs would go down to $500/day -- a 40-fold reduction in price of shipping.

Alex expects that the price for a retrofitted nuclear plant will be 12 times lower than what they presently operate at. They expect to be able to produce power for around 0.35 cents per kilowatt-hour.

Once these units are available for home heat and electricity, the energy cost is expected to be less than $300 for six months, for a 550 square meter (6000 ft2) home.

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