May 17, 2014

Update on Podkletnov gravity modification work and rumors

American Antigravity interviewed Eugene Podkletnov to discuss recent (2004 to 2013) experimental antigravity research in gravity modification and superconductors. For nearly two decades Dr. Podkletnov has been researching the link between gravitation and high-temperature superconductors, and just recently published the peer-review results of new experiments he’s conducted to measure the speed of a force-beam projected by a stationary superconducting apparatus he’s developed.

Podkletnov is well-known for his experiments involving YBCO superconductors, which produced a gravity-shielding effect that was investigated by NASA and has been the subject of many peer-review papers. He describes continuing his experiments in this area, and indicates that he has made continuing progress in creating an antigravity effect that partially shields the mass of objects placed above the rotating disks.

Dr. Podkletnov also describes his “force beam generator” experiment in detail, and provides insights into improvements that he’s made over the last decade to increase the force produced by this experimental gravity-beam. The force beam is generated by passing a high-voltage discharge from a Marx-generator through a YBCO emitter suspended in a magnetic field, and Podkletnov has described it as being powerful enough to knock over objects in the lab, as well as capable of being tuned by even punch holes in solid materials.

Podkletnov recently published a peer-review paper on the force beam experiment entitled “Study of Light Interaction with Gravity Impulses and Measurements of the Speed of Gravity Impulses” along with co-author Dr. Giovanni Modanese, and describes the findings of his study, which involved measuring the speed of the force-beam using two separate, but cross-correlated measurement techniques. After careful testing, Podkletnov has found the speed of the antigravity impulse to be approximately 64 times the speed of light (64c), which he indicates does not conflict with modern interpretations of Relativity Theory.

Podkletnov describes an antigravity effect generated by rotating magnetic fields that requires no superconductors to be generated, and suggests that it may provide an economical tool for future space & energy research.

Environmental Nano Solutions proposes large electrostatic ion air cleaners for China's Smog

Daan Roosegaarde’s positive–ionization “vacuum cleaner” uses high-voltage, low-amp electricity to create an electrostatic field. Particles flowing across the field—enclosed in a box—become positively charged and attach themselves to a grounded electrode, which need to be scraped clean periodically. (Roosegaarde plans to turn the stuff into “diamond” rings, with a cubic-centimeter stone representing a cubic kilometer of smog.)

The system was actually invented by Delft University of Technology researcher Bob Ursem, who came up with the idea of ionizing smog particles after watching tiny bits of salt, dust and organic matter flow off the Atlantic Ocean onto a Dutch beach. “They floated into the dunes toward some bushes,” Ursem says, “and there was a lift effect, carrying them above the bushes.” The particles, negatively charged from friction, were avoiding contact with negatively charged foliage. “They floated above the bushes, indicating that the electrical force is greater than the gravity force,” Ursem says.

A Beijing air cleaner would require fans, say officials the research and development firm Environmental Nano Solutions (ENS) Europe, which bought the concept from Delft University and is developing it for commercial marketing.

Plans for the Beijing device center on a large octagonal structure eight meters tall with intake vents at the top and exhaust vents in the middle, out of which will flow smog-free air. The steel structure will weigh about nine metric tons. To demonstrate the absence of smog in the freshair zone, lasers will shoot out beams, which will be invisible in a particle-free environment. ENS Europe’s smog buster will clean a dome-shaped area 30 meters in diameter to a height of about five meters. The whole thing, Pau says, will “resemble a medieval Chinese palace.”

India is at about the level of Africa and China is near the level of Latin America with Mexico based on per capita GDP

The World Bank 2011 purchasing power parity GDP numbers show that Africa has a similar economic profile to India and Latin America and Mexico are similar to China.

In 2011, India had per capita GDP PPP of $4735 and exchange rate per capita GDP of $1533 and a population of 1.216 billion.
In 2011, Africa had per capita GDP PPP of $4044 and exchange rate per capita GDP of $1838 and a population of 1.017 billion

In 2011, China had per capita GDP PPP of $10,057 and exchange rate per capita GDP of $5456 and a population of 1.342 billion.
In 2011, Latin AM+Mexico had per capita GDP PPP of $13330 and exchange rate per capita GDP of $9535 and a population of 0.513 billion

China caught up more to Latin America and Mexico in 2014 with a per capita GDP of about $13000 on a PPP basis.
China in 2014 should have an exchange rate per capita GDP of about $7400.
China with Hong Kong and Macau in 2014 has an exchange rate per capita GDP of about $7700.

Latin America has GDP growth of about 2.6% in 2014 and Mexico might have 3.1%.

China will probably pass a combined Latin America and Mexico on per capita PPP GDP in 2016.
China will probably pass a combined Latin America and Mexico on per capita exchange rate GDP in 2018 or 2019.

Currently Africa and India have comparable GDP growth rates in the 4-5% level.

May 16, 2014

Mayo Clinic First to Show Virotherapy is Promising Against Multiple Myeloma

In a proof of principle clinical trial, Mayo Clinic researchers have demonstrated that virotherapy — destroying cancer with a virus that infects and kills cancer cells but spares normal tissues — can be effective against the deadly cancer multiple myeloma.

Stacy Erholtz was out of conventional treatment options for blood cancer last June when she underwent an experimental trial at the Mayo Clinic that injected her with enough measles vaccine to inoculate 10 million people. A medical first -- a woman with an incurable form of cancer has had all signs of living cancer cells eradicated from her body for at least 6 months. What's more, it was accomplished in a single treatment. And the magic potion -- was the measles virus.

The 50-year-old Pequot Lakes mother is now part of medical history.

The cancer, which had spread widely through her body, went into complete remission and was undetectable in Erholtz’s body after just one dose of the measles vaccine, which has an uncanny affinity for certain kinds of tumors.

Erholtz was one of just two subjects in the experiment and the only one to achieve complete remission. But the experiment provides the “proof of concept” that a single, massive dose of intravenous viral therapy can kill cancer by overwhelming its natural defenses, according to Dr. Stephen Russell, a professor of molecular medicine who spearheaded the research at Mayo.

Mayo Clinic Proceedings - Taming Measles Virus to Create an Effective Cancer Therapeutic

Elon Musk still winning as the US Air Force is pushing hard to certify Spacex for military launches and a Russian Proton Rocket Explodes

The U.S. Air Force is spending about $60 million and using as many as 100 people to certify billionaire Elon Musk’s Space Exploration Technologies Corp. for launching military and spy satellites, according to the service’s top uniformed acquisition official.

“We’ve got folks busting their butt to get SpaceX certified despite what everything in the media seems to say,” Lieutenant General Charles Davis said in an interview.

Davis said the Air Force is eager to find opportunities for SpaceX in its $67.6 billion launch program as he sought to rebut Musk’s contention that the service is protecting a monopoly for United Launch Alliance LLC, a joint venture of Lockheed Martin Corp. (LMT) and Boeing Co. (BA)

Yet another Proton rocket failed 540 seconds into its flight, taking Express-AM4R satellite down with it. This was the second Proton failure since July, and the sixth one in the last few years.

Officials lost contact about nine minutes after the unmanned rocket took off from Baikonur, Kazakhstan. About 100 miles high, it veered off path and disintegrated in Earth's atmosphere. The Express-AM4P European-built satellite, which was destroyed, was reportedly worth $29 million. The rocket was insured for around $225 million.

Will a Proven Pro-Business Leader With a Clear Majority Be Enough to Fix India's Economy ?

Pro-business leader Modi has become the Prime Minister of India and his party BJP has won a clear majority with about 338 seats. [272 is a majority]

Modi had run the Indian State of Gujarat [population 60 million] for about a decade to double digit GDP growth each year.

Pritchard at UK Telegraph thinks India is stuck in poverty.

The Talk of matching East Asia’s growth rates has been exposed as wishful thinking. Superpower dreams are giving way to the same old reality of poverty, depleted ground water and graft.

We can now see that growth averaging 8.2pc from 2004 to 2012 was an anomaly, kept alive by fiscal largesse at the top of the cycle. A torrid global boom masked all sins, itself the result of negative real interest rates in the West, the yen carry trade from Japan, China’s reserve accumulation and ultimately a flood of dollar liquidity that leaked everywhere from the US Federal Reserve.

India’s manufacturing industry remains stuck at 14pc of GDP. This is a far cry from levels in Thailand (30pc), South Korea (31pc) or China (32pc), or Japan in its day, the typical threshold for catch-up economies graduating to a higher league. India has actually lost 5m manufacturing jobs over the past decade, slipping from 55m to 50m.

India does have terrible infrastructure with half of road still unpaved.

However, an advantage for India is that all they have to do is open up the country and projects for construction companies in China to sweep in and build out infrastructure on a large scale. Those Chinese companies have proven they have the capacity to build on infrastructure on a China scale.

May 15, 2014

4% of the Canadian Population has been newly enfranchised with the right to vote

As many as 1.4 million more Canadians are now eligible to vote, some of whom could end up casting ballots in the four byelections Prime Minister Stephen Harper announced for June 30.

Two Canadians living in the U.S. had challenged the rules that disenfranchised expatriates abroad for five years or more. They argued the provisions were arbitrary and unreasonable, and therefore violated their constitutional right as citizens to vote.

In his ruling, Justice Michael Penny noted that mass murderers have the right to vote, but the long-term expats, "who care deeply about Canada," do not have the right.

Penny rejected government arguments that allowing non-residents to vote was somehow unfair to resident Canadians.

According to UN Statistics, some 215 million people lived outside their home country in 2011.

DARPA Warrior Web Supersuit Projects targets helping soldiers to Enhance Endurance and Strength to enable Soldiers to Run 4 Minute Miles

DARPA's Warrior Web would protect injury-prone areas by stabilizing and reducing stresses on joints and promoting efficient and safe movement over a wide range of activities, he said.

While protecting against injury, Warrior Web also seeks to make Soldiers into better performers by giving them the feeling of a lighter load and enhancing their existing physical capabilities.

"We're assessing new technologies that could even allow a Soldier to run a four-minute mile," Hitt said. "For example, we have components such as motors and springs integrated into a suit which will augment the work performed by the muscles in the legs. This may be a pathway to enhancing performance."

Such performance enhancement may sound like science fiction.

"The theory behind it is if you can provide enough force to the runner, you could probably have them do a four-minute mile," said Michael LaFiandra, chief of the Dismounted Warrior Branch at the U.S. Army Research Laboratory. "We're skeptical because we're researchers and it's part of our job to question everything. But, they're bringing the technology here. They want to demonstrate this four-minute mile concept and we're hopeful that they can do it."

The current Navy Seal Fitness requirement is to run 1.5 miles wearing boots and long pants in 11.5 minutes (7.67 minute miles)

"Thirty months from today, we will outfit a squad with our suits and we will compete against a squad without them in activities such as the 12-mile rucksack march, marksmanship and the obstacle course," Hitt said. "Our vision is to significantly reduce the time it takes to do a rucksack march and then when you get onto the marksmanship course, you're almost as fresh as if you hadn't marched at all."

A soft robotic exoskeleton, pulled on like a pair of pants, could one day give athletes an extra kick or soldiers the strength to lift heavier loads than their muscles alone could bear.

The soft suit is much lighter than the hard prosthetic exoskeletons, weighing just 7.5 kilograms (not including the air supply that drives the artificial "muscles"). Also, the suit relies on the existing movement of the legs as a person walks — its talent is adding a crucial nudge at the just right moment.

The suit's performance was tested by five healthy members of the Wyss lab — all male — after they trained to use it for about three days. It's confusing to react to the suit at first, but once a person adjusts to the push-and-pull of the suit, you feel the difference, Walsh said. "When you wear it, you feel like you're getting a bit of a boost. After you stop wearing it, you notice that you don't have that extra assist any more."

Getting that timing right is important for the suit to work efficiently, sort of like how finding just the right moment to push a person on a swing set can keep them going fairly efficiently for a long time, Walsh explained. This means the suit needs to be an active sensor of a person's gait as well. "If that timing is off it can actually make it harder for people to walk."

Putin Screwed Up - Ukraine built about 600 of Russia's ICBMs carrying about 5000 nuclear bombs and Ukraine can Give Codes to NATO and Cripple Russia's Nuclear Capability

The R-36 (Russian: Р-36) to SS 18 Satan is a family of intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) and space launch vehicles designed by the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Some versions of the R-36M were deployed with 10 warheads and up to 40 penetration aids and the missile's high throw-weight made it theoretically capable of carrying more warheads or penetration aids.

Development of the R-36 was begun by OKB-586 (Yuzhnoye) in Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine in 1962, and built upon the work of the R-16 program. The Chief Designer was Mikhail Yangel.

In March 2006 Russia made an agreement with Ukraine that will regulate cooperation between the two countries on maintaining the R-36M2 missiles. It was reported that the cooperation with Ukraine will allow Russia to extend the service life of the R-36M2 missiles by at least ten to 28 years.

Ukraine built the guidance and control systems for Russian ICBM's carrying about 5000 nuclear bombs and they still have the service and maintenance agreement.

So two big Soviet era mistakes come back to bite Putin
1. Do not give up Crimea if you want to keep it
2. Do not have key military systems made in Ukraine if there is any chance that the USSR breaks up

The key information and people can leave and still hold Russia's nuclear capability hostage even if Russia takes all of Ukraine. Like Von Bron being able to help the American rocket program. It also would be like the designer of the Enigma code machine spilling secrets. It is information and knowledge and not a factory.

Cheap high resolution thermal imaging could replace the flashlight and bring a boom in new night vision products

New, low-cost chips for sensing thermal energy could lead to a raft of new night-vision products, engineers say, ushering in everything from smarter cars to handheld devices for spelunking.

A new technology used by Raytheon, “wafer-level packaging,” dramatically reduces the cost of making these thermal sensors. The advances could – for the first time – put a thermal weapons sight in the hands of every soldier in a platoon. But the commercial and law-enforcement uses are endless, too, developers say.

“Once it reaches a certain price point, you’ll see it kind of popping up in a lot of different areas,” said Adam Kennedy, a lead engineer at Raytheon Vision Systems. “That’s just very, very exciting.”

The chips “see” heat, meaning they work in total darkness. Older technologies work by amplifying tiny traces of visible light, such as starlight, or by illuminating scenes with an infrared lamp.

The uses go far beyond seeing in the dark. A car equipped with these sensors could determine whether a weight in the back seat is a child or a sack of groceries by looking at its heat signature, and then could adjust its airbags accordingly. A police officer could follow a fugitive by the heat of his footprints.

Wafer-level packaging uses the same process used to make computer chips. It combines thousands of tiny windows and thermal detectors, known as microbolometers, on the same flat surface. The design greatly simplifies construction.

A historic building glows in this thermal image taken near Raytheon's Goleta, Calif. laboratories.

May 14, 2014

Various High Speed Rail Routes from China to Europe

China is working on about 3 main high speed rail routes to Europe.

Within China most of the high speed routes will be done by 2017. The Lanxin high-speed line will have 31 stations in total. The line is designed to be operated with trains running at speeds up to 300kmph. The travel time between Lanzhou and Urumqi will be reduced to about six hours when the new line enters into service.

The high-speed line will be connected to the 832km Chongqing-Lanzhou (Lanyu) railway project passing via Nanchong and Guangyuan, which is due for completion in 2015.

The Lanxin HSR line will also be connected to the future 1,363km Xuzhou-Lanzhou (Xulan) high-speed line.

The Xulan high-speed line, which is scheduled for completion in 2017, will be well connected with cities such as Beijing and Shanghai. The travel time from Beijing to Urumqi will be reduced to fewer than 12 hours when both lines are completed.

One high speed rail line in Kazakhstan was delayed in 2013 [because of funding and project cost problems in Kazakhstan] but another route has been proposed. Kazakhstan needs to implement a number of projects, for example create an integrated Eurasian telecommunication network, build a high speed railway line Minsk-Moscow-Astana-Almaty, modernize the existing highways and railways, especially those leading westwards to the European transportation systems and eastward to the Chinese transportation systems, and they also need to implement the Eurasia – Caspian Sea – Black Sea channel project.

China and Germany Freight rail links will increase by about 7 times over the next 6 years

There are two existing freight rail links between China and Europe. One is between Chengdu in Sichuan Province and Lodz in Poland. Another is between Chongqing and Duisburg in Germany. Both were established in recent years. The 9,826 km Chengdu - Lodz link was established in April 2013. Each trip takes 14 days, which is only one third of the time taken by sea. Freight cost is estimated to be reduced by 75%. The 10,800 km (6,750 miles) Chongqing - Duisburg route was established in July 2011. Each trip takes 13 days. The annual freight volume handled via this link in 2012 was 2 million metric tons. The estimated future peak volume is 15 million metric tons.

In 2012, the China-Germany cargo trains, "roughly eight football fields [800 yards or meters] long", ran weekly. In early 2014 it runs three times weekly and, "to accommodate a sevenfold increase volume since 2012 -- soon will go daily". By 2020 trade with China could top that Germany has with the Netherlands and France, in 2014 the top two German trade partners.

According to the European Commission, as of March 2014, the EU is China's biggest trading partner. Rail transport is becoming increasingly important for trade between Europe and China.

Rail shipping is half of the cost of air shipping and is faster than ships.

The China-EU freight trains average about 17 miles per hour. There are freight trains that go up to 50-60mph at times but that is unusual. Average freight train speeds in the US are 23-25 mph. Freight trains often have to wait 25 hours on journeys because of traffic or to let other trains pass. The China-EU route likely has delays in Kazakhstan and other countries with different gauge (width) rail.

Something traveling at 50 mph for the whole 6,750 miles would get from China to Germany in about 5.5 days.

Kazakhstan's rail and other infrastructure should improve as they are increasing their oil production and exports.

Oil-rich Kazakhstan, Central Asia's largest economy, forecasts its gross domestic product to expand by 6 percent this year after a 5-percent rise in 2012.

Kazakh state railway company Kazakhstan Temir Zholy (KTZ) has estimated that cargo transit via its network would reach 35 million metric tons by 2020 and eventually rise to 50 million metric tons.

Kazakhstan will increase oil production to 1.74 million barrels per day in 2014 and 1.87 million barrels per day in 2015, the U.S. Energy Information Administration’s (EIA) Short-Term Energy Outlook said.

“EIA expects Kazakhstan’s production to grow by 0.09 million barrels per day in 2014, and by 0.13 million barrels per day in 2015 as output ramps up at the Kashagan oil field,” the agency said.

Russian position on ISS is that it is the US that is not a reliable partner and they are reacting prudently to reckless US statements and sanctions

Parabolic Arc has the transcript of Russia's statement about space operations with or without the United States.

As for the International Space Station (ISS), this is an extremely sensitive issue. We were somewhat surprised, if not amused, by the fact that the United States is prepared to reduce cooperation in every area with the Russian Federal Space Agency, except the ISS. Basically the US wants to keep those areas it’s interested in, but it’s ready to take its chances in other areas that are less interesting for them. We also realise that the ISS is quite fragile, both literally and figuratively. This concerns manned space missions and the life of the astronauts, and we’ll therefore proceed extremely pragmatically and will not hamper the operation of the ISS in any way. However, it should be kept in mind that, by creating problems for us, for the Russian industry developing launch vehicles that can fly Russian cosmonauts and US astronauts to the ISS … It is absolutely obvious that this is some kind of logical inconsistency on the part of the United States. The US creates obstacles with regard to launch vehicles and evacuation systems. But at the same time, it believes that the ISS should not be tampered with. Our US colleagues have told us that they would like to extend the ISS’ operation deadline until 2024. But the Russian Federal Space Agency and our colleagues, including the Academy of Sciences and the Russian Foundation for Advanced Research Projects are now ready to make some new long-term strategic proposals linked with the subsequent development of the Russian space programme after 2020. We plan to use the ISS exactly up to 2020.

US crude oil production at 8.428 million barrels per day and all oil liquids at World leading 13.2 million barrels per day

The New Cold War Threatens the International Space Station and will kill the Atlas Rocket

Russia cast doubt on the long-term future of the International Space Station, a showcase of post-Cold War cooperation, as it retaliated on Tuesday against U.S. sanctions over Ukraine.

Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin said Moscow would reject a U.S. request to prolong the orbiting station's use beyond 2020. It will also bar Washington from using Russian-made rocket engines to launch military satellites, and suspend the operation of GPS satellite navigation system sites on its territory.

Washington wants to keep the 15-nation space station project in use until at least 2024, four years beyond the previous target.

Moscow's plan to part ways on a project that was supposed to end the Space Race underlines how relations between the former Cold War rivals have deteriorated since Russia annexed Ukraine's Crimea region in March.

Since the end of the U.S. space shuttle project, Russian Soyuz spacecraft have provided the only means to transport astronauts to and from the space station. NASA is working with several U.S. companies to develop a new generation of space taxis, but those spacecraft aren't due to start flying until 2017.

Until that time, NASA has to pay Russia more than $60 million per seat for flights to the station. Last month, Rogozin quipped that NASA might have to start "using a trampoline" to send its astronauts into orbit.

Even with quantum communication and encryption can secrets be kept secret ?

Quantum communications could soon allow secure communications that is faster and more convenient than one time pads.

Physicists have demonstrated the distribution of three entangled photons at three different locations (Alice, Bob and Charlie) several hundreds of meters apart, proving quantum nonlocality for more than two entangled photons.

Quantum key distribution (QKD) uses quantum mechanics to guarantee secure communication. It enables two parties to produce a shared random secret key known only to them, which can then be used to encrypt and decrypt messages. It is often incorrectly called quantum cryptography, as it is the most well known example of the group of quantum cryptographic tasks.

How much does this matter when personnel security management at top secret facilities have Bradley Manning, Edward Snowden and Russian and Foreign spies running around inside ?

The US and other countries have lost the discipline of keeping and managing secrets. Securing and encrypting communication lines does not matter when information is leaking like a sieve elsewhere.

The pipes may get secured to have no holes but the bathtub and sinks are leaking and contractors are told to connect the plumbing to enemy houses.

There is also the money in book deals, movie deals and tell-alls to television and internet media.

1. The US and many countries have too many things labeled secret that are not
2. If something really needs to be kept secret then you have to put in the effort to manage it as a real secret with compartmentalization
3. The secret keeping people have to recognize the money that can be easily made from movie and book deals for certain kinds of secrets

Real Life Godfather Richer and More Powerful than Fictional Michael Corleone

This article is not about the future but that real life trumping fiction.

Silvio Berlusconi – Italy’s former Prime Minister and one of the world’s most recognisable politicians – did business with the mafia for nearly two decades.

That is the conclusion of the country’s Supreme Court of Cassation in Rome. The billionaire tycoon, nicknamed the Teflon Don, worked with Cosa Nostra, the Sicilian Mafia, via his conduit and former senator Marcello Dell’Utri after judges sentenced Dell’Utri to seven years for mafia association.

Three-time premier Berlusconi, 77, has always denied rumors that mob links were behind the large and opaquely sourced investments used to kickstart his construction and media businesses in the 1970s and 1980s.

Silvio Berlusconi has a net worth of $8.7 billion

In The Godfather Part III, set in 1979-80, Michael Corleone has moved back to New York and taken great steps to make the family legitimate. He has turned over control of his New York criminal interests to longtime enforcer Joey Zasa, sold his gambling interests to the other Mafia families and reorganized his vast business holdings as the "Corleone Group" to appease The Vatican. Wracked with guilt over his ruthless rise to power, he is using his wealth to restore his reputation through numerous acts of charity. The Holy See has named him a Commander of the Order of Saint Sebastian for his good works.

In Godfather part 3, Michael Corleone pays $600,000,000 for the controlling shares of the company "Immobiliare" without even blinking and he gave $100,000,000 to charity.

Help fund the best energy project, a nuclear fusion project that is ten thousand times cheaper than the Tokamak

Lawrenceville Plasma Physics (LPP) are one week into their crowdfunding effort. They have raised over $38300.

Also, vote up and share support for Lawrenceville Plasma Physics on social media and content aggregation sites.

LPP needs about 6500 more people to donate on average $25 each.
This is a nuclear fusion project where a bit of public funding will have a huge impact.
It is ten thousand times cheaper than the International Tokamak project. ITER costs billions and will still require decades and two more projects to possibly get to a commercial fusion reactor and those fusion reactors will be about fifteen story tall buildings the size of a football stadium.

This project could be proven for about $1-5 million with critical components and testing helped by another $162,000.

LPP needs to get their Tungsten electrode and then later switch to a berrylium electrode.
If successful with their research and then commercialization they will achieve commercial nuclear fusion at the cost of $400,000-1 million for a 5 megawatt generator that would produce power for about 0.3 cents per kwh instead of 6 cents per kwh for coal and natural gas. This can lead to commercial energy that is twenty times cheaper than natural gas or coal Last night coal mining killed another 238 274 people.

Energy that is twenty times cheaper will provide a massive pollution-free boost to the global economy. Instead of global 3% growth with not enough jobs it will mean 5+% growth for 60 years or more at least.

SuperCheap energy also means cheap clean water.

Go to this link to donate.

They have imaged the pinch which shows that much of the physics is as expected

Shot 9-09-10-02, 0.225 microsec before pinch

Right - Shot 9-15-10-07, magnified plasmoid at the pinch. We see the plasmoid on axis, which is about 150 microns across. The small dots are individual pixels, and do not represent actual fluctuations in intensity.

LPP’s mission is the development of a new environmentally safe, clean, cheap and unlimited energy source based on hydrogen-boron fusion and the dense plasma focus device, a combination we call Focus Fusion.

This work was initially funded by NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory and is now backed by over forty private investors including the Abell Foundation of Baltimore. LPP’s patented technology and peer-reviewed science are guiding the design of this technology for this virtually unlimited source of clean energy that can be significantly cheaper than any other energy sources currently in use. Non-exclusive licenses to government agencies and manufacturing partners will aim to ensure rapid adoption of Focus Fusion generators as the primary source of electrical power worldwide.

May 13, 2014

Cobalt Encapsulation Can Extend Copper Interconnects to the 10 nanometer lithography node for computer chips

Today's sub-22-nanometer chips are placing a strain on the ability to connect their billions of transistors with traditional copper interconnects. As the number of metallization layers escalates from nine to fifteen or more, the fineness of the copper lines is causing open circuits from voids during manufacturing and electromigration after the chips are deployed. New barrier materials have been proposed to solve the problem, but Applied Materials Inc. of Santa Clara, Calif., claims what is needed is a new technique that encapsulates copper interconnect lines in cobalt, thereby nixing electromigration and extending copper interconnects to the 10-nanometer node.

Through years of research Applied Materials has come up with a solution that it believes can extend copper interconnects to the 10-nanometer node -- namely, encapsulating the copper lines in cobalt. Today Applied Materials Endura platform is used to manufacture copper interconnects on chips by first performing a cleaning step to remove particles left over after etching, then using physical vapor deposition (PVD) to add a tantalum nitride/tantalum (TaN/T) barrier layer to prevent copper diffusion into the dielectric. Then it uses PVD to deposit a copper seed -- a thin continuous layer of copper alloy -- onto the TaN/T barrier. Finally the wafer goes to electroplating and polishing.

Cobalt encapsulation adds two new steps to the copper interconnection process and requires an Endura Volta CVD Cobalt tool.
(Source: Applied Materials)

Cities in 2030

Perhaps the most striking consumer trend to emerge from the Global Cities 2030 study is the way in which the number of high-income Chinese consumers is set to leap ahead over the next two decades. Starting from a comparatively low base today, China will boast some 45 million urban households in 2030 with annual incomes in excess of $70,000, putting it well ahead of Europe and hot on the heels of North America. Shanghai will jump from a rank of 69th today to 8th for its number of high-income households in 2030.

New York and Tokyo will still be the dominant cities, but China will have competitors for London, Los Angeles and other major cities.

Chinese cities will be at the heart of a radical shift in the urban centre of economic gravity by 2030. Eight European cities will drop out of the global top 50 cities by GDP by 2030, while nine new Chinese cities will join that group, taking the Chinese total to 17. This total of 17 Chinese cites in world’s top 50 in 2030 is more than North America and four times more than Europe. China’s lesser-known mega cities such as Chengdu, Hangzhou and Wuhan will become as prominent in 2030, in economic terms, as Dallas and Seoul are today.

Driven by burgeoning urban populations and rapid labour productivity growth, this handful of huge Chinese cities is just the tip of the iceberg. The aggregate GDP of China’s largest 150 cities will overtake Europe’s 139 largest cities as early as 2015, and North America’s largest 58 cities in 2022.

Per Peterson has a modular molten salt nuclear reactor design in the US and is also working with China's molten salt nuclear reactor program

Per Peterson and his co-authors believe that the way forward for the US nuclear industry is to use new nuclear reactor designs with passive safety and modular construction. This will make nuclear power both cheaper and safer.

Per Peterson is an expert on molten salt nuclear reactors and other nuclear reactor designs and technology.

Per Peterson, the Floyd Professor of Nuclear Engineering at UC Berkeley, is working with America’s national energy laboratories on the development of breakthrough nuclear technologies that are safer, less expensive, and more efficient and flexible than current technologies. Peterson’s early research was critical to the development of passive safety systems adopted in new reactors currently being built in the United States and China, and he is a co-inventor of fluoride-salt cooled high-temperature reactor technology now being developed in the United States and China. Secretary of Energy Steven Chu appointed Peterson to the Blue Ribbon Commission on America’s Nuclear Future in 2010.

Per Peterson has a design for a molten salt-cooled reactor that couples to a conventional General Electric (GE) gas turbine. Our Mk1 reactor design can generate 100 megawatts (MWe) of baseload nuclear power, but can also be co-fired with gas to rapidly adjust power output between 100 MWe and 240 MWe. The ability to rapidly adjust power output helps balance variability in the grid and is thus attractive to grid operators. And because the turbine remains “hot and spinning,” efficiency losses to provide peaking and spinning reserve services are low. The thermal efficiency of our design in converting peaking fuel into electricity is 66 percent, compared to about 60 percent for today’s best combined-cycle natural gas-fired power plants. To top things off, our molten salt design is much more compact than other advanced reactor designs. We believe it offers one of the most cost-competitive alternatives to conventional water-cooled reactors.

'Hyperbolic metamaterials' are near which could enable better microscopes, quantum computers and solar cells

Researchers have taken a step toward practical applications for "hyperbolic metamaterials," ultra-thin crystalline films that could bring optical advances including powerful microscopes, quantum computers and high-performance solar cells.

Optical metamaterials harness clouds of electrons called surface plasmons to manipulate and control light. However, some of the plasmonic components under development rely on the use of metals such as gold and silver, which are incompatible with the complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor (CMOS) manufacturing process used to construct integrated circuits and do not transmit light efficiently.

Now researchers have shown how to create "superlattice" crystals from layers of the metal titanium nitride and aluminum scandium nitride, a dielectric, or insulator. Superlattices are crystals that can be grown continuously by adding new layers, a requirement for practical application.

"This work is a very important step in terms of fundamental contributions in materials science and optics as well as paving the way to some interesting applications," Boltasseva said. "We believe this demonstration brings a paradigm shift to the field of metamaterials similar to developments that led to dramatic advances in silicon technology."

"Hyperbolic metamaterials" could bring optical advances including powerful microscopes, quantum computers and high-performance solar cells. The graphic at left depicts a metamaterial's "hyperbolic dispersion" of light. At center is a high-resolution transmission electron microscope image showing the interface of titanium nitride and aluminum scandium nitride in a "superlattice" that is promising for potential applications. At right are two images created using a method called fast Fourier transform to see individual layers in the material. (Purdue University image)

PNAS - Epitaxial superlattices with titanium nitride as a plasmonic component for optical hyperbolic metamaterials

China makes functional scale model of low pressure tube maglev system that if fully developed would enable 1800 mile per hour supertrains

In 2010, Nextbigfuture reported that Southwest Jiaotong University in China was developing a low pressure underground tubes and maglev train which will travel at 1,000 kilometers per hour (600 mph). This is double the speed of current maglev trains. According to Shen Zhiyun, academic member of CAS and CAE, China should target the development of high-speed ground transportation with 600 to 1,000 kilometers per hour which should be in operation between 2020 and 2030. The $1.5 to 2.95 million per kilometer incremental cost is about 7-20% of the $17-40 million per kilometer of regular maglev lines in China, which is pretty cheap to get over double the speed.

In March 2013 they completed the first high-temperature superconducting maglev ring test, which was similar to the one you can see here but without the enclosed tube.

The Shanghai downtown to airport maglev can reach 268 miles (431 kilometres) per hour. Super-maglev, however, could allow for even higher speeds. This is because, by using a vacuum tube, they decrease the speed limitations imposed by air resistance on regular maglev trains.

In a paper on the subject, Dr Zigang says: 'If the running speed exceeds 400 kilometres (250 miles) per hour, more than 83 per cent of traction energy will wastefully dissipate in air resistance.' And, he adds, 'Aerodynamic noise will break through 90 decibels (the environmental standard is 75 decibels).'

The only way to break this barrier is to reduce the air pressure in the running environment, which he has done in his tube by lowering it to 10 times less than normal atmospheric pressure at sea level.

May 12, 2014

China will upgrade its world number one supercomputer to 100 petaflops next year and has sights on exaflop supercomputer

The newest Intel Knight’s Landing chip will provide an approximately 3x speed boost. China can swap out the 48,000 Phi cards and maek the Tianhe-2 into a 100+ petaflops supercomputer. China will also likely upgrade the custom TH-express interconnect.

China is also hard at work on the first legs of its exascale research program with the goal being to create an “advanced and feasible architecture” that falls into the target of 30GFlops per Watt.

Novartis is betting billions on getting true cures for cancers with major commercialization in a few years but taking 20-30 years for the medical transformation

Developments at the University of Pennsylvania point to what would rank among the great milestones in the history of mankind: a true cure for cancer. Of 22 children and 5 adults with Emily’s disease [acute lymphoblastic leukemia], ALL, 27 had a complete remission, in which cancer becomes undetectable.

These were gravely ill patients out of options. Some had tried multiple bone marrow transplants and up to 10 types of chemotherapy or other treatments.

Novartis , the third-biggest drug company on the Forbes Global 2000, is making this one of the top priorities in its $9.9 billion research and development budget.

“I’ve told the team that resources are not an issue. Speed is the issue,” says Novartis Chief Executive Joseph Jimenez, 54. “I want to hear what it takes to run this phase III trial and to get this to market. You’re talking about patients who are about to die. The pain of having to turn patients away is such that we are going as fast as we can and not letting resources get in the way. ”

It’s a stunning breakthrough,” says Sally Church, of drug development advisor Icarus Consultants. Says Crystal Mackall, who is developing similar treatments at the National Cancer Institute: “It really is a revolution. This is going to open the door for all sorts of cell-based and gene therapy for all kinds of disease because it’s going to demonstrate that it’s economically viable.”

Novartis has to run clinical trials in both kids and adults at hospitals around the world, ready a manufacturing plant to create individualized treatments for patients and figure out how to limit the side effects that nearly killed Emily. But Novartis forecasts all that work will be done by 2016, when it files with the FDA.

Narendra Modi Will Be Next Prime Minister Of India and will have majority of the parliament and this should mean a revival of the Indian Economy

The five-week long, nine-phase voting in India’s general election finally concluded on Monday after recording an all-time high countrywide voter turnout of 66%. The many exit polls that released their embargoed surveys within minutes of the close of voting predicted that the Bharatiya Janata Party’s Narendra Modi is set to be India’s next prime minister.

The numerous exit polls projected the BJP and its allies nearing or crossing the half-way mark of 272 mark in the 543-member Indian parliament.

Analysts dissecting the exit polls on several television channels predicted a stable, decisive government led by Modi.

India’s stock market investors and foreign brokerages such as Goldman Sachs have backed Modi’s prime ministerial candidacy, as he has sought to ignite India’s sputtering economy with promises such as “toilets not temples” and “more governance, less government”, vowing to boost employment prospects and rev up economic development.

The actual results will be known on May 16 when votes will be tallied. Should Modi cross the half-way mark, experts see him go to work to deliver on his promise to bring the economy back. In anticipation of such moves, India’s stock markets spiked to record highs even ahead of the exit polls. On Monday, the Nifty index breached the 7,000-point mark for the first time in history. The Sensex too touched an all-time high and the rupee recorded its highest gains of the past 10 months against the U.S. Dollar.

SOURCE - Forbes

Josh Hall gave a talk on the history of Cold Fusion

Josh Hall [J Storrs Hall] gave a recent talk and went into the history of cold fusion at a level of detail that most people are not familiar with. For example: he recounted how when Fleischmann and Pons were experimenting with their device they had been using .75 amps for over a month to load the Palladium with Deuterium, and when nothing appeared to be happening they doubled the amperage to 1.5 and left it overnight. When they came in the next morning the device had not only melted through the tabletop, leaving a hole about a foot in diameter, but also melted about four inches into the concrete floor beneath the table. He went on the recount some of the sordid details about the ensuing politics which forced F&P to rush into a press conference before they were actually ready to report anything.

Josh mentioned Steven E. Jones work with muon-catalyzed fusion at about the same time as being a factor in that haste. The quote he used to sum up that whole scene was particularly apt: “If you’re not taking flak — you’re not over the target”. He then went into the subsequent history of the field, mentioning researchers like Huizenga & Ramsey, SRI, SPAWAR, Mizuno, Energetics Inc in Israel (fractal waveform solution), and many others. He continued with a “State of the Art” section which included a kind of wish-list of characteristics like: reproducibility on demand, a COP of over 100, and controllability of codeposition, temperature, pressure, magnetic fields, etc. The two leading theorists in his opinion are Peter Hagelstein and Widom-Larsen. He then mentioned the half dozen or more companies on the verge of commercialization, like: Clean Planet (Mizuno), Jet Energy, Brillouin, Industrial Heat (Rossi), Mitsubishi, Toyota, Defkalion, etc.

After Josh Hall described the Fleischmann/Pons "meltdown" (foot-sized hole in lab bench, 4-inch hole in concrete floor), it turns out that there was a retired professor in the audience who had been at the University at the time and had actually seen it.

The Meltdown incident was well described by Charles Beaudette in his book "Excess Heat", in Chapter 3. Starting on page 35

One of the Secrets to Superconductors has been Decoded

The microscopic structure of high-temperature superconductors has long puzzled scientists seeking to harness their virtually limitless technological potential. Now at last researchers have deciphered the cryptic structure of one class of the superconductors, providing a basis for theories about how they manage to transport electricity with perfect efficiency when cooled, and how scientists might raise their operating temperature closer to room temperature.

Scientists believe room-temperature superconductivity would have an impact on a par with that of the laser, a 1960 invention that now plays an important role in an estimated $7.5 trillion in economic activity.

“In the same way that a laser is a hell of a lot more powerful than a light bulb, room-temperature superconductivity would completely change how you transport electricity and enable new ways of using electricity,” said Louis Taillefer, a professor of physics at the University of Sherbrooke in Quebec.

Though further tests are needed, Sachdev’s theory is garnering support from many experts, who say it succinctly captures key features of the materials.

The rate of progress in recent months has been “almost overwhelming for us,” Comin said. With better experimental tools at their disposal, he and other researchers described rushing to publish one interesting new result after another as fascinating papers by their competitors piled up on their desks.

Arxiv - Intra-unit-cell Nematic Density Wave: Unified Broken-Symmetry of the Cuprate Pseudogap State

Chinese 34 Petaflop Supercomputer Has Public Beta (Tianhe 2 Ahead Of Schedule And On Budget)

In April 2014, the Tianhe 2 supercomputer began offering computing power to public users while the system continues debugging and fine tuning. It has a peak processing speed of 33.86 quadrillion floating-point operations per second (petaflops), derived from 16,000 computer nodes, while it has a theoretical peak processing power of 54.9 petaflops. The closest competitor is the Oak Ridge National Lab's 17.59 petaflops Titan in America, which has only about half of the Tianhe 2's computing power. Both supercomputers are open to public use for scientific research, including molecular scale physics, climate simulation and astronomic signal processing. Of course, the technology behind these supercomputers could also be used for military purposes, including nuclear weapons test simulations and decryption.

The Tianhe 2 went operational in December 2013, well ahead of its 2015 schedule, and reportedly costs only $390 million.

Tianhe 2 Corridor- A look down one of the corridors in the giant room housing the Tianhe 2, which has a processing power of 33.86 petaflops (double that of its nearest competitor, the Oak Ridge Lab's Titan). Chinese Internet

The Smarter Get Smarter Faster via more Gains via the Flynn Effect and Boy Geniuses Outnumber girls by only four to 1 now versus 13 to 1 decades ago

Researchers at Duke University in North Carolina published in Current Directions in Psychological Science, they describe how they sifted through nearly three decades of standardised tests administered to American high-school students to see what had been happening to the country’s brightest sparks.

They draw two conclusions.

1) The Flynn effect (which weighs on the “nurture” side of the scales because it describes how IQ scores in general have been rising over the decades) applies in particular to the brightest of the bright.

2) The historic difference between the brainiest men and women has vanished. (Men now outnumber women only 4 to 1 instead of 13 to 1 for the top 0.01% of test scores

The three researchers drew their data from Duke University’s Talent Identification Programme, TIP, which is designed to ferret out especially clever candidates early on: all the participants had scored in the top 5% of ability when confronted with exams designed for much older students. TIP, in turn, draws on three national exams: SAT, EXPLORE and ACT. Altogether, Dr Wai, Dr Putallaz and Dr Makel looked at data from 1.7m children. Those data spanned the years between 1981 and 2010.

In the general population boys are well known to do a bit better than girls in maths. Girls, in turn, edge out boys on tests of verbal reasoning. The result is similar overall IQ scores.

New DARPA autopilot replaces 5 person flight crew

DARPA has created the Aircrew Labor In-Cockpit Automation System (ALIAS) program. ALIAS envisions a tailorable, drop‐in, removable kit that would enable the addition of high levels of automation into existing aircraft to enable operation with reduced onboard crew.

“Our goal is to design and develop a full-time automated assistant that could be rapidly adapted to help operate diverse aircraft through an easy-to-use operator interface,” said Daniel Patt, DARPA program manager. “These capabilities could help transform the role of pilot from a systems operator to a mission supervisor directing intermeshed, trusted, reliable systems at a high level.”

As an automation system, ALIAS would execute a planned mission from takeoff to landing, even in the face of contingency events such as aircraft system failures. ALIAS system attributes, such as persistent state monitoring and rapid procedure recall, would provide a potential means to further enhance flight safety. Easy-to-use touch and voice interfaces could enable supervisor-ALIAS interaction. ALIAS would also serve as a platform for enabling additional automation or autonomy capabilities tailored for specific missions.

Wired also reports that the Pentagon’s Superpowered Autopilot Will Do the Work of 5 Crew Members.

People kept asking Where is my Flying Car ? The Flying cars are in the air and as you feared they will be carrying Armed Marines and Commandos

The Black Knight Transformer’s patented technology is a first-of-its-kind in vertical takeoff and landing aircraft. The vehicle design is highly modular for a wide variety of payloads including a ground drive-train unit that allows it drive like an automobile.

The Advanced Tactics Black Knight Transformer is a multi-engine rotorcraft drawing inspiration from small electric “multicopters” that have become popular in the last decade. Unlike the small electric versions, the Black Knight is a full scale aircraft with a significant payload and range capability. The vehicle also has a fully independent ground drivetrain that provides it with off-road driving capabilities so that it can reach any destination, whether a suitable landing zone is available or not.

Below is the official video of the Advanced Tactics Black Knight Transformer first driving and flying tests. The Black Knight Transformer is a "flying truck" that combines the best aspects of a helicopter and an automobile. It is a robust and inexpensive aircraft that can perform autonomous casualty evacuation and cargo resupply missions.

Weighing in at 4,400 pounds, the vehicle is expected to be able to reach a ground driving speed of 70 mph and an air cruising speed of 150 mph.

It was not selected for the DARPA Transformer program, the Black Knight has been incorporated into the Marine Corps Warfighting Laboratory’s Enhanced MAGTF Operations Aerial Delivery program. According to the video, the concept has also been sponsored by the Air Force Research Lab and the Army Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center.

Carnival of Nuclear Energy 208

The Carnival of Nuclear Energy 208 is at ANS Nuclear Cafe

Forbes - James Conca - Nuclear Waste Leak Traced To… Kitty Litter?

The recent news of a radioactive waste incident at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant has now been tempered by the revelation that an attempt to “go green” may have been responsible for the leak.

May 11, 2014

Mining has begun at the Husab Uranium mine in Namibia and it will reach 5770 tonnes of uranium per year in 2017

The official start of mining operations at the Husab project in Namibia has begun. Husab becomes the fourth uranium mine in operation in Namibia, the others being Rössing, Langer Heinrich and Trekkopje. China National Nuclear Corporation holds a 25% stake in Paladin's Langer Heinrich mine, entitling it to a corresponding share of the project's output.

The first blasting of rock took place earlier this year. Construction of the mine is scheduled to be completed by the end of 2015, with production then planned to ramp up to 5770 tonnes of uranium per year by 2017.

The operation will be an open pit mine with an acid leach process plant on site. The Husab ore-body is claimed to be the third largest uranium-only deposit in the world. With measured and indicated reserves of about 140,000 tonnes U, Husab is expected to operate for at least 20 years. The mine will comprise of two pits: the Zone 1 pit will be some 3km long, 1km wide and 412m deep; the Zone 2 pit will be about 2km long, 1.3 km wide and 377m deep.

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