Russia expects serious export potential for the Armata platform, including the T-14 MBT (Main Battle Tank). Russia is planning to mass produce the T-14 and cut its price in half. Russia is following the path to replicating the export success of its T-72 tank. The T-72 was widely exported and saw service in 40 countries and in numerous conflicts. Over 20,000 T-72 tanks were built.
“If we talk about the T-14 Armata, I think the degree of classification will be removed after more trials and development work is done. The vehicle will be adopted by the Russian Ministry of Defense, get a passport image and then will be possible for sales to foreign customers,” Khalitov told in TV Channel Zvezda in an interview.
A number of countries, including India and China, were interested in purchasing the T-14 Armata. The need to purchase for China makes sense, since its main battle tank, the Type 99, is a derivative of the old Soviet T-72 main battle tank, with a design that stretches back to the mid-1980s.
The Indian army operates the Soviet-built T-90, which is itself a derivative of the T-72. Delhi also uses other tanks such as the indigenously produced Arjun Mark-1 tank. These have proven unreliable at times.
The Armata uses a new type of armor, which designers say is significantly more resistant to enemy fire. On top of that, the vehicle is protected by an improved version of reactive armor, which explodes on impact to stop a projectile from reaching the main layer of armor.
The Armata is also equipped with a so-called active protection system, forming an outer perimeter of its defenses. When the system spots an enemy projectile, it fires a round to destroy it or knock it off its path.
The current version of the Armata is equipped with a remotely controlled standard-caliber 125-mm cannon, with fully automated loading, which can fire both regular shells and rockets.
Designers say that a much more powerful 152-mm cannon could be easily fitted to the Armata in the future.
The tank’s modular structure also allows for quick and easy modernization of its elements and systems.
The price of the latest Russian Armata T-14 tank will be just 250 million rubles (3.7 million dollars) once it goes into mass production, according to Oleg Siyenko, CEO of Uralvagonzavod, the manufacturer of the tank.
The cost of the Armata T-14 was previously estimated at between 400 and 500 million rubles (about $6.5 million). Such a high price per unit was due to the lack of mass production, as the production of prototypes is always more expensive for the manufacturer.
The Armata will go into mass production in 2017-2018 and Russia’s armed forces will receive 2,300 T-14 tanks by 2020.