June 09, 2016

Google's progress on inventing the future - diagnosing disease, AI advancing genetics and much more

Eric Schmidt wants to invent the future. He sees the need to produce more entrepreneurs everywhere, right, in every industry, all around the world. This will create literally millions of jobs and ultimately trillions of dollars of wealth for all of us as shareholders and all of the people that we know.

Schmidt is personally tired of the zero-sum gain, that everybody says well nothing can change. Schmidit thinks they’ve got evidence that an awful lot is going to change and get much, much better.

DeepMind Artificial intelligence won a series of Go games against a world champion human.

Verily, our life sciences group, Verb Surgical, is a joint venture, it would change a medical [indiscernible] to joint ventures, is developing surgical solutions that incorporate a leading edge robotic capabilities using machine learning.

Verily group has projects in Virtual reality and augmented reality. They use it for diabetes monitoring. There is a contact lens which has the world’s smallest battery which then essentially WiFi out the status of your glucose level. Now if you’re one of the very many people who have diabetes in America and by the way it’s worse in many other countries, this is going to be a life saver, in terms of keeping you alive especially as the disease progresses.

[Google Loon internet] balloons are floating around in the southern atmosphere providing test signals for LTE, signals for people in incredibly rural area and when you study the globe, the hardest area to get a cell signal in and in the most improvised areas, over the southern hemisphere in place like remote Brazil and in Africa, in the ways everybody here knows, that that stuff actually works.

7 loons are flying in Peru now. Two are in Brazil. HBAL328 - HBAL322 [google Loon project page] 3:13 GMT May 25, 4 balloons are in the airspace of Panama and another entering airspace of Costa Rica. Google Loons are over South Africa and other places.

Google plans to wirelessly transmit gigabit internet to your home. Google gigabit wireless technology is being tested in Kansas City. Alphabet hopes to set Kansas City up as a commercial demonstration by next year, and is testing several wireless technologies.

A group under Alphabet called Sidewalk Labs is re-thinking the way cities work. Now most people live in cities, cities are the engines of growth, there is more productivity in cities, there is lots of crowd, and lots of issues. They think they can apply new technologies of one kind or another in conjunction with and in this case a group called transportation of America, but to do this and in fact there are now best cities initiatives, which we’re competing in.

There are over one billion users of Google Chrome.
In the enterprise space we have more than 2 million paid businesses using Google Apps for work

the complete transcript of the June 08, 2016 Alphabet's (GOOG) Management 2016 Annual Meeting of Shareholders.

One project looks at diagnosing a disease called diabetic retinopathy where the diabetes gets bad enough that the back part of your retina gets screwed up and you go blind.

Google can detect diabetic retinopath 99% of the time. The best ophthalmologist gets it right about 90% of the time. And how is that possible ? The answer is really simple. Google AI sees more eyes, they saw a million eyes, whereas the average ophthalmologist sees 10,000 to 20,000.

AI and genetics

There is a revolution in genetics, there is a technology called CRISPR-Cas9 which allows you to sort of add and delete genes, right and you could do it in a particular way. There are projects now to start beginning new genetic sequences with an eventual goal for example of the ability to construct a chromosome. Because of the merger of machine learning, data bases and then the science work which is noble price winning from a number of players, its possible now to really unlock the keys of life, do you care about this? It’s the reason that you’re going to ultimately get a drug that will cure cancer, right the cancer that you have or the other genetics related that are possible. And if you spend anytime recently with somebody suffering through this you’ll understand how important it is.

Now what’s Google’s role here? It turns out that we have platforms that due to manipulation of this data, now we’re not scientists in this area, with the exception of Google Lifesciences, but we have an initiative called the Google Brain initiative where we try to sort of take this kind of data and Google Brain does this for many things including the examples that I am using. You put it in the database and you manipulate it for a while and you get insights that humans can’t get because of scale and that’s where the real sort of amazing things are.

When we look at what could we do, DeepMind for example just announced a partnership with the National Health Service. There is a disease in Britain called Acute Kidney Injury which is more of a highest rates of deaths in hospitals and its where your kidney stops working and I don’t understand the medical part of it, but as I’ve been told that that it can proceed very quickly, very badly or not, and the outcome matters a great deal to you, as a patient and obviously for the hospital. We have early evidence that we can predict quite accurately based on blood test and your history the rate of decline. Does that matter, you bet and especially in a tough triage kind of situation where they are trying to figure out how to apply limited resources to save the most lives, it really saves lives. Again the application of these technologies to problems that have bedeviled us for a very, very long time

Vision of 3D printing of buildings

People now building 3D printing of building where they say, they can build buildings much, much more quickly. Imagine if we can get the cost of those buildings down by a factor of 3 or 4 or 5 using new materials and allow you to remodel them very quickly and things like that.

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