September 03, 2016

Emdrive peer reviewed paper will publish December 2016, Cannae cubesat should launch in 2017

The Peer reviewed EMdrive paper will be published December 2016

EmDrive inventor Roger Shawyer explains what he believes is the science behind his propulsion-less thrust microwave engine theory.

Roger Shawyer is working onsuperconducting EmDrive thruster technology in co-operation with a UK aerospace company. No details of this work can be divulged at present.

The related Cannae drive will be launched into space in 2017.

Theseus is going to be launching a demo cubesat which will use Cannae thruster technology to maintain an orbit below a 150 mile altitude. This cubesat will maintain its extreme LEO altitude for a minimum duration of 6 months. The primary mission objective is to demonstrate our thruster technology on orbit. Secondary objectives for this mission include orbital altitude and inclination changes performed by the Cannae-thruster technology.

Cannae’s thruster technology is capable of generating thrust from a few uN up through several newton thrust levels and higher levels. The Cannae thruster technology is particularly useful for small satellite missions due to low power, mass and volume requirements. Our thruster configuration for the cubesat mission with Theseus is anticipated to require less than 1.5 U volume and will use less than 10 watts of power to perform station keeping thrusting.

Once demonstrated on orbit, Theseus will offer our thruster platforms to the satellite marketplace

China has a new long range bomber program

The head of the Chinese air force, Ma Xiaotian, stated that China is developing a new long-range bomber.

"We are now developing a new generation of long-range bomber, and you'll see it in the future," Ma told the Global Times without elaborating.

China has been ramping up research into advanced new military equipment, including submarines, aircraft carriers and anti-satellite missiles.

Ma said the air force had entered into a "transformation" stage, changing its focus from quantity to quality.

A new long-range bomber with intercontinental range and a large payload would enable China to threaten U.S. forces at longer ranges.

That could mean using massed bomber formations armed with cruise missiles to attack U.S. carrier strike groups further out to sea than is currently possible with the H-6K

AMD, GlobalFoundries Focus on Path to 7 nanometers

AMD’s recently-released Polaris GPUs and upcoming “Zen”-based processors are being made at the GlobalFoundries fab 8 plant in Malta, NY. Like IBM Power9 and Intel Kaby Lake, Zen uses 14nm process technology. Kaby Lake, released this week, is Intel’s third generation of processors to use the 14nm process, while AMD has just begun shipping 14nm production silicon (Polaris GPUs).

Interestingly, we learned this week that GlobalFoundries is skipping the 10nm process. A statement from AMD said that it will collaborate with GlobalFoundries on the 7nm technology node, building on the success of the 14nm node. It’s possible that AMD will use another fab’s services for a 10nm process node, but going from 14nm to 7nm would put the chipmaker in position to leapfrog Intel.

Intel’s 10nm die shrink is expected for the second half of 2017 with the debut of Cannonlake (formerly Skymont). This is the same time frame that IBM is releasing its 14nm next-gen Power9 CPU. AMD plans to launch its first 14nm CPU, the Zen-based “Summit Ridge,” in early 2017.

Zen Expectations

AMD showed off some of its new Zen-based silicon in San Francisco last month and talked up the new high-performance cores. The next-gen microarchitecture design, led by renowned chip architect Jim Keller, is said to enable a 40 percent improvement in instructions per clock over Zen’s predecessor, Excavator.

FDA bans common ingredients in antibacterial soaps and body washes

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today issued a final rule establishing that over-the-counter (OTC) consumer antiseptic wash products containing certain active ingredients can no longer be marketed. Companies will no longer be able to market antibacterial washes with these ingredients because manufacturers did not demonstrate that the ingredients are both safe for long-term daily use and more effective than plain soap and water in preventing illness and the spread of certain infections. Some manufacturers have already started removing these ingredients from their products.

This final rule applies to consumer antiseptic wash products containing one or more of 19 specific active ingredients, including the most commonly used ingredients – triclosan and triclocarban. These products are intended for use with water, and are rinsed off after use. This rule does not affect consumer hand “sanitizers” or wipes, or antibacterial products used in health care settings.

“Consumers may think antibacterial washes are more effective at preventing the spread of germs, but we have no scientific evidence that they are any better than plain soap and water,” said Janet Woodcock, M.D., director of the FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER). “In fact, some data suggests that antibacterial ingredients may do more harm than good over the long-term.”

The rule applies to 19 active ingredients -- including the most common, triclosan and triclocarban -- in liquid soaps, bar soaps and other items. Manufacturers will have one year to remove the ingredients from their products or to take them off the market, the agency said.

Triclosan typically is used in liquid antibacterial soaps, while triclocarban is used in bar soaps.

China ratifies the 2015 Paris Climate Change Agreement

China announced on Saturday that it has ratified the emissions-cutting agreement reached last year in Paris, giving a big boost to efforts to bring the accord into effect by the end of this year.

The United States was also expected to announce that it was formally joining the Paris Agreement in advance of the Group of 20 summit that starts Sunday in the eastern Chinese city of Hangzhou. Obama landed in Hangzhou Saturday and was scheduled to speak about climate change shortly afterward.

China is the top emitter of man-made carbon dioxide emissions, and the United States is second. Together, they produce 38 percent of the world's man-made carbon dioxide emissions.

Both were key to getting an agreement in Paris last year. To build momentum for a deal, they set a 2030 deadline for emissions to stop rising and announced their "shared conviction that climate change is one of the greatest threats facing humanity."

The agreement's long-term goal is to keep global warming below 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit), compared with pre-industrial times. It has an aspirational goal of limiting the temperature rise to 1.5 degrees C (2.7 degrees F). Temperatures have already risen by almost 1 degree C (1.8 degrees F) since the industrial revolution.

Under the Paris Agreement, countries are required to set national targets for reducing or reining in their greenhouse gas emissions. Those targets aren't legally binding, but countries must report on their progress and update their targets every five years. The first cycle begins in 2020. Only developed countries are expected to slash their emissions in absolute terms. Developing nations are "encouraged" to do so as their capabilities evolve over time.

September 02, 2016

Cannae will launch demo cubesat to prove it has thrust in space

Cannae is licensing Cannae thruster technology to our new sister company Theseus Space Inc. Cannae is similar to the controversial EMDrive propulsion technology.

Theseus is going to be launching a demo cubesat which will use Cannae thruster technology to maintain an orbit below a 150 mile altitude. This cubesat will maintain its extreme LEO altitude for a minimum duration of 6 months. The primary mission objective is to demonstrate our thruster technology on orbit. Secondary objectives for this mission include orbital altitude and inclination changes performed by the Cannae-thruster technology.

Cannae’s thruster technology is capable of generating thrust from a few uN up through several newton thrust levels and higher levels. The Cannae thruster technology is particularly useful for small satellite missions due to low power, mass and volume requirements. Our thruster configuration for the cubesat mission with Theseus is anticipated to require less than 1.5 U volume and will use less than 10 watts of power to perform station keeping thrusting.

Once demonstrated on orbit, Theseus will offer our thruster platforms to the satellite marketplace

Cannae is commercializing proprietary propulsion technology requiring no on-board propellant to generate thrust.

The core of our technology uses the Lorentz Force imbalances created by our thrusters to create propulsion. Cannae has demonstrated 2 separate prototypes of a superconducting thruster which requires no dielectric material to generate thrust.

Inventor, Guido Fetta, delivered a paper on our first successful superconducting prototype demonstration at the 2014 AIAA Joint Propulsion Conference. Cannae has since improved upon the initial design and has demonstrated improved thrust and performance of our superconducting prototype at our Pennsylvania test facility.

Cannae is also commercializing a thruster that does not require superconducting operation in order to generate thrust. This thruster also requires no on-board propellant to generate a Lorentz Force imbalance. Cannae has demonstrated prototypes of this new thruster technology at their Pennsylvania test facility.

On August 17, Cannae announced plans to launch its thruster on a 6U cubesat. Each unit is a 10-centimeter cube, so a 6U satellite is the size of a small shoebox. Approximately one quarter of this will be taken up by the drive. Fetta intends the satellite to stay on station for at least six months, rather than the six weeks that would be typical for a satellite this size at a altitude of 150 miles. The longer it stays in orbit, the more the satellite will show that it must be producing thrust without propellant.

No launch date has yet been announced, but 2017 seems likely.

Roger Shawyer is still working on the EMDrive and a Chinese team led by Prof Yang at Xi'an Northwestern Polytechnic also had claims of successful results

For first time, carbon nanotube transistors outperform silicon

For decades, scientists have tried to harness the unique properties of carbon nanotubes to create high-performance electronics that are faster or consume less power — resulting in longer battery life, faster wireless communication and faster processing speeds for devices like smartphones and laptops.

But a number of challenges have impeded the development of high-performance transistors made of carbon nanotubes, tiny cylinders made of carbon just one atom thick. Consequently, their performance has lagged far behind semiconductors such as silicon and gallium arsenide used in computer chips and personal electronics.

Now, for the first time, University of Wisconsin–Madison materials engineers have created carbon nanotube transistors that outperform state-of-the-art silicon transistors.

Led by Michael Arnold and Padma Gopalan, UW–Madison professors of materials science and engineering, the team’s carbon nanotube transistors achieved current that’s 1.9 times higher than silicon transistors.

The UW–Madison engineers use a solution process to deposit aligned arrays of carbon nanotubes onto 1 inch by 1 inch substrates. The researchers used their scalable and rapid deposition process to coat the entire surface of this substrate with aligned carbon nanotubes in less than 5 minutes. The team’s breakthrough could pave the way for carbon nanotube transistors to replace silicon transistors, and is particularly promising for wireless communications technologies. STEPHANIE PRECOURT

Science Advances - Quasi-ballistic carbon nanotube array transistors with current density exceeding Si and GaAs

India and USA push ahead with plans to make six AP1000 nuclear reactors

Plans to construct six Westinghouse AP1000s in India have been bolstered by a joint statement issued after a bilateral strategic dialogue yesterday between the USA and India. The two sides also pledged to work towards India's entry into the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG).

The AP1000 is a pressurized water reactor with two cooling loops, planned to produce a net power output of 1,117 MWe. Six of them would be 6702 MWe (6.7 GWe)

100 GWe of nuclear power generates about 800 TWh each year in the USA.
53.6 TWh could be generated if the new nuclear reactors had the same operating level as US nuclear reactors

A site at Kovvada, in Andra Pradesh, had previously been earmarked for the development of six GE Hitachi ESBWR units. This was changed to Westinghouse AP1000s earlier this year.

China is nearing completion of an AP1000

Russia will begin production of improved superconductors for supercollider megaprojects

Russian fuel manufacturer TVEL expects one of its subsidiaries to be able to create superconductors with enhanced performance for new "high energy physics megaprojects" by 2019.

The A A Bochvar High-Technology Scientific Research Institute for Inorganic Materials (VNIINM) said yesterday its scientists had completed the "next stage of an ambitious project of international importance". This was, it said, the "measurement of the critical current of samples of low-temperature superconducting materials with enhanced properties".

During this process, they have "determined the maximum current that can be passed through superconductors" - the so-called critical current. The statement added: "This experience and proven methodology will allow the Russian nuclear industry to successfully manage the task of creating designs and technologies of superconductors for particle accelerators of a new generation."

The critical current is one of the most important characteristics in the design of magnetic systems for scientific applications in such major international projects as ITER, NICA and the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the institute said, and for magnetic systems in medical CT scanners, which is important for the development of nuclear medicine.

In March 25, 2016 Russia begun construction of a superconducting collider, NICA, in Dubna, Moscow region.

The IBR 2 pulse reactor at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in the town of Dubna in the Moscow Region. Source: Boris Babanov / RIA Novosti

China's deal with Ukraine for the World's heaviest plane the An-225 and the South China Sea runways

Ukrainian aviation company Antonov announced in a press release that they will work with China for joint series production of the An-225 in China under licence. Series production is low levels of mass production.

The plane is the heaviest in the world. It has maximum weight of 700 tons, 200 tons more than a 747, and 50 tons more than the Airbus AN380–800F

The plane packs 32 wheels (the A380 has 22) and can fly at a cruising speed of nearly 500 miles per hour with a maximum range of around 9,500 miles — without subtracting for tonnage added inside Mriya’s enormous hold.

The An-225 needs a minimum of 11,500 feet while carrying its maximum payload to takeoff.

SES-10 will be the first-ever satellite to launch on a SpaceX flight-proven recovered rocket booster

SES and SpaceX announced today they have reached an agreement to launch SES-10 on a flight-proven Falcon 9 orbital rocket booster.

This information is from an SES press release and Universe Today coverage

The satellite, which will be in a geostationary orbit and expand SES’s capabilities across Latin America, is scheduled for launch in Q4 2016. SES-10 will be the first-ever satellite to launch on a SpaceX flight-proven rocket booster.

SES-10 will be positioned at 67 degrees West, pursuant to an agreement with the Andean Community (Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru), and will be used for the Simón Bolivar 2 satellite network. With a Ku-band payload of 55 36MHz transponder equivalents, of which 27 are incremental, the multi-mission spacecraft is the first SES satellite wholly dedicated to Latin America. It will replace the capacity currently provided by SES’s AMC-3 and AMC-4 satellites at that location, as well as bring additional capacity to Mexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean. The high-powered, tailored and flexible beams will provide direct-to-home broadcasting, enterprise and mobility services.

SpaceX says the price of a completely new Falcon 9 booster is approximately $60 million.

Shotwell has said SpaceX will reduce the cost about 30%. So SES might be saving around $20 million – but there are no published numbers regarding this particular launch contract.

First launch of flight-proven Falcon 9 first stage will use CRS-8 booster that delivered Dragon to the International Space Station in April 2016. Credit: SpaceX

Two billion at risk of Zika Virus in Africa and Asia

More than two billion people could be at risk from Zika virus outbreaks in parts of Africa and Asia, according to scientists writing in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

Populations in India, Indonesia and Nigeria are some of the most vulnerable to transmission, the researchers said.

They used data on air traveller numbers to help model their predictions.

However, they acknowledge that immunity to the virus could already exist in some areas and could reduce the risk.

The research team, from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Oxford University and the University of Toronto, Canada, said "vast numbers" of people were living in environments where it would be hard to prevent, detect and respond to the virus.

The Lancet - Potential for Zika virus introduction and transmission in resource-limited countries in Africa and the Asia-Pacific region: a modelling study

An estimated 2.6 billion people live in areas of Africa and the Asia-Pacific region where the presence of competent mosquito vectors and suitable climatic conditions could support local transmission of Zika virus. Countries with large volumes of travellers arriving from Zika virus-affected areas of the Americas and large populations at risk of mosquito-borne Zika virus infection include India (67 422 travellers arriving per year; 1.2 billion residents in potential Zika transmission areas), China (238 415 travellers; 242 million residents), Indonesia (13 865 travellers; 197 million residents), Philippines (35 635 travellers; 70 million residents), and Thailand (29 241 travellers; 59 million residents).

Many countries across Africa and the Asia-Pacific region are vulnerable to Zika virus. Strategic use of available health and human resources is essential to prevent or mitigate the health, economic, and social consequences of Zika virus, especially in resource-limited countries.

The Philippines, Vietnam, Pakistan and Bangladesh could be particularly vulnerable to a Zika outbreak because of their limited health resources.

Step toward eliminating cancer recurrence

New research published in the Journal of Leukocyte Biology shows that when combined, immunotherapy and chemotherapy kill a majority of dormant tumor cells

Researchers found that chemotherapy alone leads to two types of dormant cancer cells that are not killed outright and become resistant to additional chemotherapy, but when combined with immunotherapy, a majority of dormant cells also is destroyed.

"Immunotherapy is all about timing, " said Masoud H. Manjili, a researcher involved in the work from the Department of Microbiology and Immunology, VCU School of Medicine, Richmond, Virginia. "The best way to apply immunotherapy as cancer prevention is during tumor dormancy to prevent advanced stage disease."

To make this discovery, researchers treated breast cancer cells with a common chemotherapeutic agent. Nearly all of the cancer cells died as a result, but a residual population of tumor cells survived and became dormant. By measuring for the presence of a molecule associated with cell division, the scientists determined that this residual population of dormant cancer cells consisted of an indolent as well as a quiescent population. Then, they treated the dormant cells with a product of the immune system, they found that dormant cells were susceptible to immunotherapy, and that quiescent, but not indolent cancer cells, could not escape from immunotherapy.

"Immunotherapy has become a paradigm shift in medical treatment of disease. Now, instead of our drugs targeting only diseased cells, we can target the immune system and provoke cells of the immune system to do the job for us," said E. John Wherry, Ph.D., Deputy Editor of the Journal of Leukocyte Biology. "This new study demonstrates the importance of this concept of exploiting the immune system in cancer to target residual disease that our cancer drugs miss."

Journal of Leukocyte Biology - Tumor-reactive immune cells protect against metastatic tumor and induce immunoediting of indolent but not quiescent tumor cells

China's two child policy should see population peak in 2029 at 1.45 billion

Chinese family-planning authorities predict that an extra three million babies will be born annually in the next five years, pushing the annual number of births to 21 million.

On January 1, 2016, the Chinese central government launched the so-called ‘universal two-child policy’ as a way to tackle the country's aging population.

This means, all Chinese families who wish to have a second child no longer have to worry about hefty fines, mandatory sterilisations and barbaric forced abortions.

Calculated on a basis of an annual spending of 16,000 yuan for each newborn, a yearly increase of up to 50 billion yuan, or more than 7 billion US dollars, is expected in consumption for infants in China.

China's population, which stood at 1.36 billion last year, would hit a high of 1.45 billion in 2029 [under the two child policy], said Wang Peian, vice-minister of the National Health and Family Planning Commission.

Prior to the introduction of the two-child policy, more than 38 per cent of the population were expected to be older than 60 by 2050. Beijing hoped the two-child policy could reduce this by two percentage points, Wang said. He added that the labour force would increase by 30 million by 2050.

The two-child policy would boost economic growth by 0.5 of a percentage point, a study by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences estimated.

Wang said that the new policy had already provided a boost to the maternity industry, which had been performing well in the stock market recently.

After reaching 1.45 billion the population would drop back to 1.38 billion in 2050, Wang said, but the pressure of overpopulation would remain.

Unmarried chinese women go overseas to freeze their eggs

China prohibits fertility treatments for unmarried women, so chinese women are going overseas to freeze their eggs. A growing number of single Chinese women going abroad to have their eggs frozen as a way to preserve an option and control the pace of their lives.

There has been about a 10 to 15 percent annual increase in demand for egg freezing services in the U.S. in the last three years

September 01, 2016

The antibody aducanumab reduces Aβ plaques in Alzheimer’s disease

Aducanumab, an antibody developed by the University of Zurich, has been shown to trigger a meaningful reduction of harmful beta-amyloid plaques in patients with early-stage Alzheimer's disease. These protein deposits in the brain are a classic sign of Alzheimer's disease and contribute to the progressive degeneration of brain cells. The researchers furthermore demonstrated in an early stage clinical study that, after one year of treatment with Aducanumab, cognitive decline could be significantly slowed in antibody-treated patients as opposed to the placebo group.

Although the causes of Alzheimer's disease are still unknown, it is clear that the disease commences with progressive amyloid deposition in the brains of affected persons between ten and fifteen years before the emergence of initial clinical symptoms such as memory loss. Researchers have now been able to show that Aducanumab, a human monoclonal antibody, selectively binds brain amyloid plaques, thus enabling microglial cells to remove the plaques. A one-year treatment with the antibody, as part of a phase Ib study, resulted in almost complete clearance of the brain amyloid plaques in the study group patients. The results, which were realized by researchers at UZH together with the biotech company “Biogen” and the UZH spin-off “Neurimmune,” have been published in the renowned science journal “Nature.”

Reduction of brain amyloid plaque is dependent on treatment duration and dosage
“The results of this clinical study make us optimistic that we can potentially make a great step forward in treating Alzheimer's disease,” says Roger M. Nitsch, professor at the Institute for Regenerative Medicine at UZH. “The effect of the antibody is very impressive. And the outcome is dependent on the dosage and length of treatment.” After one year of treatment, practically no beta-amyloid plaques could be detected in the patients who received the highest dose of the antibody.

The antibody was developed with the help of a technology platform from “Neurimmune.” Using blood collected from elderly persons aged up to one hundred and demonstrating no cognitive impairment, the researchers isolated precisely those immune cells whose antibodies are able to identify toxic beta-amyloid plaques but not the amyloid precursor protein that is present throughout the human body and that presumably plays an important role in the growth of nerve cells. The good safety profile of Aducanumab in patients may well be attributed to the antibody’s specific capacity to bond with the abnormally folded beta-amyloid protein fragment as well as the fact that the antibody is of human origin.

Investigational treatment also curbs cognitive decline

165 patients with early-stage Alzheimer's disease were treated in the phase 1b clinical trial. Although not initially planned as a primary study objective, the good results encouraged researchers to additionally investigate how the treatment affected the symptoms of disease. This was evaluated via standardized questionnaires to assess the cognitive abilities and everyday activities of the patients. “Aducanumab also showed positive effects on clinical symptoms," is how Nitsch sums up the findings. “While patients in the placebo group exhibited significant cognitive decline, cognitive ability remained distinctly more stable in patients receiving the antibody.”

Some of the trial participants temporarily suffered from amyloid-related imaging abnormality (ARIA), an adverse effect that can be detected via magnetic resonance imaging. In a minority of cases, this was accompanied by temporary mild to moderate headaches. The UZH researchers believe that ARIA is a measurable biological effect of amyloid clearance.

The promising effects of Aducanumab are currently being investigated in two large phase three clinical studies to further evaluate safety and efficacy. Involving over 300 centers in 20 countries throughout North America, Europe, and Asia, these studies are evaluating the effectiveness and safety of the antibody on a total of 2,700 patients with early-stage Alzheimer's disease.

Nature - The antibody aducanumab reduces Aβ plaques in Alzheimer’s disease

Centimeter-Level GPS Positioning

Todd Humphreys and his research group recently developed and tested a centimeter-accurate GPS system on the UT Austin campus. This work may soon be the answer to many driverless car issues, including blurred lane markings, bad weather, and blind spots.

Precise vehicle positioning is 100 times more accurate than your standard GPS. University of Texas professor Todd Humphreys has been working on the project for four years.

Currently, this type of precise GPS is used mostly by surveyors—at a high price tag. That’s where Humphreys and his students come into the picture. They are working on making this type of precise GPS for a cheaper price ($50 instead of $5,000, the current going rate for centimeter-accurate GPS receivers), therefore making it more affordable for the mass market. The research is being funded by Samsung who hopes to build precise positioning into cars and smartphones.

The UT researchers are also working on a more intuitive way to drive, by projecting routes onto the windshield itself. Meaning drivers would no longer have to take their eyes off the road to look at their cellphones

“If we can illuminate the windshield with a path that takes you home and the path changes as it determines that there are faster or slower routes to home. That just eases the burden on the driver. It’s the yellow brick road it’s already lit up for me,” explains Humphreys.

To acquire this accuracy, 20 solar powered reference stations were placed around Austin at the end of May 2016. You can think of this network of 20 reference stations as smart infrastructure that make it possible to use a $50 device, instead of a $500 or $5000 device, to locate a bicyclist, a bus, or a car within its lane of travel.

The materials cost of the receiver system in the car at just US $35 per car, running their software-defined system entirely on a $5 Raspberry Pi processor.

The software could piggyback, almost unnoticed, on the powerful robocar processors that are coming down the pike from companies like Nvidia and NXP.

Just as important as the receivers is the ground network of base stations, which the Texas team has shown must be spaced within 20 kilometers (12 miles) for full accuracy. And, because the students’ solar-powered, cellphone-network-connected base stations cost only about $1,000 to build, it wouldn’t be too hard to pepper an entire region with them.

Road to Skynet update - DARPA will use internet of things and AI to dominate cyberwar and regular war

The Defense Advance Research Projects Agency will fund the development of sensors and artificial intelligence systems that could help break into, extract, and analyze information from enemy devices and communication systems.

The components and systems will arm the U.S. with more data to analyze enemy moves and strategy. Information is king in wars, and DARPA wants to develop technology that can break into enemy systems.

"They are talking about going into any situation and extracting information at any time, [with] artificial intelligence systems that can attack and hack any network," said Jim McGregor, principal analyst at Tirias Research.

DARPA wants to fund the development of sensors and electromagnetic systems that could break into point-to-point wired and wireless communications, even ones that are not linked to the internet. DARPA is making progress to jam resistant communication

DARPA wants intelligent systems that can process and extract only relevant data. The sensors will need edge processing capabilities where they can analyze data immediately and trash irrelevant information. These sensors and systems won't be able to cross-reference larger data repositories on the cloud.

DARPA’s Microsystems Technology Office has identified three thrust areas of particular interest for the Sept 20, 2016 Proposers Day event:
1) controlling and exploiting the electromagnetic spectrum with unprecedented versatility and finesse,
2) creating new generations of sensors that could keep warfighters informed as they never have been before, and
3) providing safe, secure, and assured access to an increasingly globalized microelectronics supply chain.

DARPA working on jam resistant communication will also enable better usage of Wi-fi and other wireless spectrum

In a vision shared by innovators, entrepreneurs, and planners in both defense and civilian contexts, the skies of the future will be busy with unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Unseen but central to the realization of this vision is wireless communication within and between those future fleets of UAVs that is reliable and resistant to both unintentional and ill-willed interference. “If these UAVs can’t communicate, they don’t take off or they don’t operate the way we want them to,” said Josh Conway, a program manager in DARPA’s Microsystems Technology Office. “As wireless communication becomes part and parcel of all kinds of platforms and devices in the coming years, we will need assured communications, especially for command and control, but for other things too, like data transfer.”

In IEEE's Journal of Lightwave Technology, researchers at the University of California, San Diego, report results of work conducted for DARPA’s Hyper-wideband Enabled RF Messaging (HERMES) program that could become the technological foundation for this interference-resistant communications necessity.

“This paper shows that there is a way to get there,” said Conway, who has been overseeing the HERMES program since DARPA rolled it out in the summer of 2014. The same technology could provide an exciting opportunity to make fuller use of not only unlicensed Wi-Fi bands but also huge swaths of otherwise license-restricted radio frequencies. Said Conway: “This advance in HERMES means we might have a new way to tap into all of this spectrum and in a way in which you won’t jam anyone else and they won’t be able to jam you.”

An innovative “optical comb” receiver that retrieves sub-noise “spread-spectrum” signals has been evolving from a rough tabletop phase, to a streamlined desk-top version, and is on its way to a chip-scale finale that could became the basis of new assured channels of communication for unmanned aerial vehicles and other platforms and devices that require wireless connectivity

IEEE's Journal of Lightwave Technology - Subnoise Signal Detection and Communication

DARPA Room-Temperature Atomic Layer Deposition could enable new electronics

Successful deposition of silicon and gallium nitride at low temperature could allow three-dimensional control of thin films and integration of previously incompatible microelectronics materials

DARPA-supported researchers have developed a new approach for synthesizing ultrathin materials at room temperature—a breakthrough over industrial approaches that have demanded temperatures of 800 degrees Celsius or more. The advance opens a path to creating a host of previously unattainable thin-film microelectronics, whose production by conventional methods has been impossible because many components lose their critical functions when subjected to high temperatures.

The new method, known as electron-enhanced atomic layer deposition (EE-ALD), was recently developed at the University of Colorado, Boulder (CU) as part of DARPA’s Local Control of Materials Synthesis (LoCo) program. The CU team demonstrated room-temperature deposition of silicon and gallium nitride—linchpin elements in many advanced microelectronics—as well as the ability to controllably etch specific materials, leading to precise spatial control in three dimensions. Such a capability is critical as the demand grows for ever-smaller device architectures.

After first demonstrating the process in early 2015, team members went on to perform detailed mechanistic studies to learn how best to exploit and control EE-ALD for film growth. By controlling the electron energy during the ALD cycles, they discovered that they could tune the process to favor either material deposition or removal. The ability to selectively remove (etch) deposited material with electrons under conditions as low as room temperature is unprecedented and is anticipated to enhance film quality. The group is also exploring other methods to etch specific materials—such as aluminum nitride and hafnium oxide, important in specialized electronics applications—showing that they can selectively etch these materials in composites, which provides an attractive alternative to traditional masking approaches.

Pictured is a Gallium Nitride film deposited on a Silicon substrate at 27 degrees Celsius (80 degrees Fahrenheit) using an innovative process for depositing super thin films. Current deposition methods for these materials require temperatures around 800 degrees Celsius (1,472 degrees Fahrenheit), which is incompatible with microelectronics processing due to the damage that heat can wreak on underlying substrate materials.This new method could allow integration of previously incompatible microelectronics materials. (University of Colorado Boulder image)

India has a successful scramjet test

India had a successful test-flight of the indigenously-developed supersonic combustion ramjet engine took place from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota at 6 a.m.

The Advanced Technology Vehicle (ATV), a sounding rocket (research rocket) with a solid booster carrying advanced scramjet engines, was successfully flight-tested from the launch pad of the Sathish Dhawan Space Centre, also known as Sriharikota Range (SHAR), at Sriharikota on Sunday.

This first experimental mission of Indian Space Research Organisation is aimed at the realization of an Air Breathing Propulsion System which uses hydrogen as fuel and oxygen from the atmosphere air as the oxidiser.

The mission had a smooth countdown of 12 hours as the ATV with scramjet engines weighing 3277 kg lifted off at 6 a.m. ISRO chairman A.S. Kiran Kumar and SHAR director P. Kunhikrishnan along with a host of space scientists were present at Sriharikota on the occasion.

The ATV vehicle, which touched down in the Bay of Bengal approximately 320 km from Sriharikota after a flight of 300 seconds, was successfully tracked during its flight from the ground stations at Sriharikota. With this, the ISRO had successfully demonstrated its capabilities in critical technologies like ignition of air breathing engines at supersonic speed, air intake mechanism and fuel injection systems.

Technological challenges handled by ISRO scientists during the development of the scramjet engine include the design and development of hypersonic engine air intake, the supersonic combustor, proper thermal management and ground testing of the engines.

With this, India became the fourth country to demonstrate the flight testing of a scramjet engines. This mission is a milestone for ISRO’s future space transportation system.

SRO's Advanced Technology Vehicle carrying scramjet engines lifts off from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota on Sunday. Photo: ISRO

There have been four other countries with successful scramjet tests.
The United States, Russia, China and Australia.
Australia is working on the HiFire scramjet project with the USA

Tesla will have major software improvement to self driving car capability in next few weeks

Elon Musk tweeted - Major improvements to Autopilot coming with V8.0 and 8.1 software (std OTA update) primarily through advanced processing of radar signals

Tesla need to do one more minor rev on 8.0 and then will go to wide release in a few weeks

Tesla had also recently made their upgraded cars faster than a Lamborghini - Tesla has the fastest production cars in the world

The Model S P100D with Ludicrous mode is the third fastest accelerating production car ever produced, with a 0-60 mph time of 2.5* seconds. However, both the LaFerrari and the Porsche 918 Spyder were limited run, million dollar vehicles and cannot be bought new. While those cars are small two seaters with very little luggage space, the pure electric, all-wheel drive Model S P100D has four doors, seats up to 5 adults plus 2 children and has exceptional cargo capacity.

The 100 kWh battery also increases range substantially to an estimated 315 miles on the EPA cycle and 613 km on the NEDC cycle, making it the first to go beyond 300 miles and the longest range production electric vehicle by far.

The larger battery pack is also available on the Model X, making the world’s quickest SUV even faster. Model X P100D with Ludicrous mode accelerates to 60 mph in 2.9* seconds and travels up to 289 miles EPA estimated and 542 km on the NEDC cycle on a single charge. Model X is also a pure electric SUV and can seat up to seven adults.

Model S and Model X are engineered to be the safest cars on the road and to have the highest ratings from NHTSA. Both have access to the Tesla Supercharger network for the freedom to travel long distance for free. And every Tesla will improve over time with free over the air upgrades

Spacex falcon 9 explodes on launch pad during static fire test

A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket and its commercial satellite payload were destroyed by an explosion at their launch pad in Florida early Thursday (Sept. 1) during a typically routine test.

The explosion occurred shortly after 9 a.m. EDT (1300 GMT), as SpaceX was preparing to launch the Amos 6 communications satellite for the Israeli company Spacecom on Saturday, Sept. 3. At the time, SpaceX was conducting a static fire engine test on the Falcon 9.

Geocosmo detects intermittent magnetic and ground temperature signals 2-3 weeks before large earthquakes #gsummit

Using advanced sensors and algorithms GeoCosmo and its partners have successfully forecast twenty earthquakes in both North and South America.

Up to seven days in advance.

The existing “Early Warning System” is nothing more than an “announcing system” for earthquakes that are already underway.

Here is a display from the presentation Geocosmo had at the Singularity University Global Summit.

Thermal temperature signals were seen in the week before the Italian quake when Russia's reviewed data from their satellite monitoring.

Open Source Software and Sensor Design Project
Move our baseline software and sensor designs to the highest heights with perpetual improvements.

Cellphone Sensor Project
Most contemporary cellphones contain a three axis magnetometer. With the GeoCosmo cellular app installed they become a very powerful tool for earthquake forecasting. The app is architected to send one or two lightweight bursts of data per day for low data cost.

Work with us to move our app throughout the world. Our goal is to have one billion cellphone magnetometers in the most seismic regions of the world.

August 31, 2016

China and Ukraine will build more of the world's largest plane the AN-225

CCTV Chinese CCTV television has said that on August 30, 2016 the Chinese company China Airspace bought the "Antonov" aircraft An-225 "Mriya".

The Antonov An-225 Mriya is a strategic airlift cargo aircraft that was designed by the Antonov Design Bureau in the Soviet Union in the 1980s. The An-225 has over 250 tons of cargo capacity.

It is powered by six turbofan engines and is the longest and heaviest airplane ever built, with a maximum takeoff weight of 640 tonnes (710 short tons). It also has the largest wingspan of any aircraft in operational service. The single example built has the Ukrainian civil registration UR-82060. A second airframe was partially built and that is the one that was sold to China.

The An-225 also has up to 15,400 kilometer range.

After serially producing the An-225 with its long 10,000 kilometer range with significant cargo, China could add cruise missile and drone launch racks to make it into a larger than B-52 style mother ship. China would likely develop the military portion of that project by themselves.

China will also use new An-225s for movement of rockets and large parts to their new island space launch pad, when weather does not allow shipping. China will also use it for faster alternative transport of tanks and other heavy gear to South China Sea islands or to Tibet or other locations as the needs arise.

General characteristics

Crew: 6
Length: 84 m (275 ft 7 in)
Wingspan: 88.4 m (290 ft 0 in)
Height: 18.1 m (59 ft 5 in)
Wing area: 905 m2 (9,740 sq ft)
Aspect ratio: 8.6
Empty weight: 285,000 kg (628,317 lb)
Max takeoff weight: 640,000 kg (1,410,958 lb)
Fuel capacity: 300,000 kg
Cargo hold – volume 1,300 m3 (46,000 cu ft), length 43.35m, width 6.4m, height 4.4m
Powerplant: 6 × ZMKB Progress D-18 turbofans, 229.5 kN (51,600 lbf) thrust each


Maximum speed: 850 km/h (528 mph; 459 kn)
Cruising speed: 800 km/h (497 mph; 432 kn)
Range: 15,400 km (9,569 mi; 8,315 nmi) with maximum fuel; range with 200 tonnes payload: 4,000 km (2,500 mi)
Service ceiling: 11,000 m (36,089 ft)
Wing loading: 662.9 kg/m2 (135.8 lb/sq ft)
Thrust/weight: 0.234

Here is unfinished An-225

Peer Reviewed EmDrive AIAA paper is on the way

Dr Jose Rodal posted on the NASA Spaceflight forum that the new paper will be entitled "Measurement of Impulsive Thrust from a Closed Radio Frequency Cavity in Vacuum" and is authored by "Harold White, Paul March, Lawrence, Vera, Sylvester, Brady and Bailey." Rodal said that the paper will be published in the AIAA Journal of Propulsion and Power, a journal published by the AIAA.

Spaceflight forum is on its eight thread discussing the controversial Emdrive

The objective of the Nasa Spaceflight forum is to analyze whether the EM Drive (a cavity resonating at microwave frequencies) reported "thrust force" is an experimental artifact or whether it is a real propulsion effect that can be used for space applications, and if so, in discussing those possible space propulsion applications. >

There have been several papers trying to determine if the EMdrive operates in a vacuum and speculated on how it might produce propulsion or to explain the anomalies. This AIP Advances paper [On the exhaust of electromagnetic drive] has Nextbigfuture in its citations

9. B. Wang, Update on EMDrive work at NASA Eagleworks. NextBigFuture (6 February 2015). Available at:;
D. Kundaliya, “EM Drive Thruster Technology: Can It Really Work?,” 2016-02-08. Available at: Accessed: 4 March 2016.

The paper proposes that the thrust of EM drive results from the efflux of photons that have paired with opposite phases. The paired photons are without net electromagnetic field, and hence they will escape from the metal cavity. This loss of momentum, when anisotropic, produces the thrust. Thus, our explanation complies with conservation of momentum but departs from the current consent about photons by regarding photons as indivisible and indestructible basic building blocks of nature.

March 2016 there had been the first statement that a peer reviewed paper was coming

InMarch 2016, Nextbigfuture had reported that a peer reviewed EMDrive paper was in process

Paul March indicated on the NASA Spaceflight forum that NASA Eagleworks is getting another EMDrive paper through peer review.

Paul March also endorsed the technical information and insights of forum member Rodal on the topic of EMdrive. Rodal indicates the differences in dielectric materials and other nuances of interpreting the known results.

A radio frequency (RF) resonant cavity thruster is a proposed new type of electromagnetic thruster. Unlike conventional electromagnetic thrusters, a resonant cavity thruster would use no reaction mass, and emit no directional radiation.

A few variations on such thrusters have been proposed. Aerospace engineer Roger Shawyer designed the EmDrive in 2001, and has persistently promoted the idea since then through his company, Satellite Propulsion Research.

Chemical engineer Guido Fetta designed the Cannae Drive, based on similar principles. If they are found to work as claimed, providing thrust without consuming a propellant would have important applications to all areas of propulsion.

Some independent teams of scientists, notably a team at Xi'an's Northwestern Polytechnical University (NWPU), one at NASA's Eagleworks laboratories, and another at the Dresden University of Technology in Germany, have built prototypes of these designs. The NWPU team reported a small but significant thrust; NASA Eagleworks reported a much smaller thrust than the NWPU team; and the Dresden team reported a small thrust, but within experimental error.

In 2014 and 2015, the NASA Eagleworks research group at Johnson Space Center tested models of both the EmDrive and Cannae drive. They reported observing a small net thrust from both, at low power levels.

NASA's first tests of this tapered RF resonant cavity were conducted at very low power (2% of Shawyer's 2002 experiment and 0.7% of the Chinese 2010 experiment), but a net mean thrust over five runs was measured at 91.2 µN at 17 W of input power. A net peak thrust was recorded at 116 µN (about 0.0004 ounces, or approximately the same weight as a grain of rice) at the same power level. The experiment was criticized for not having been conducted under vacuum, which would have eliminated thermal air currents.

Six months later, early 2015, Paul March from Eagleworks made new results public, claiming positive experimental force measurements with a torsional pendulum in a hard vacuum: about 50 µN with 50 W of input power at 5.0×10^−6 torr, and new null-thrust tests. The new RF power amplifiers were said to be made for hard vacuum, but still fail rapidly due to internal corona discharges, with not enough funding to replace or upgrade them, so measurements are still scarce and need improvement before a new report can be published.

Glenn Research Center offered to replicate the experiment in a hard vacuum if Eagleworks manages to reach 100 µN of thrust, because the GRC thrust stand cannot measure forces lower than 50 µN.

Eagleworks later announced a plan to upgrade their equipment to higher power levels, use vacuum-capable RF amplifiers with power ranges of up to 125 W, and to design a new tapered cavity analytically determined to be in the 0.1 N/kW range. The test article will be subjected to independent verification and validation at Glenn Research Center, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory

US Air Force is looking at improving stealth of existing fighters and bombers and boosting range with sneakier and tougher aerial refueling planes

The US Air Force's next-generation air dominance (NGAD) [aka what was the sixth generation fighter project] project is still moving forward and will include improvements to low-observable capability and aircraft range, according to the service's top scientific research and technology official.

The USAF in May released its "Air Superiority 2030 Flight Plan" announcing that it would rapidly develop a programme that mates cyber warfare, electronic warfare, and even space capabilities to advance the state of the art in air-to-air and air-to-ground warfare. While the new programme is expected to harness disparate capabilities, NGAD is defined by improvements in two key areas - stealth and range - according to USAF chief scientist Greg Zacharias.

Artist's conception of sea-based version of Northrop Grumman's NGAD aircraft. The technology, expected as a follow-on for USAF and USN legacy combat aircraft, will emphasise stealth and range. Source: Northrop Grumman

  • Next generation aircraft work will include improvements to legacy combat aircrafts' low-observable capability [stealth] and range
  • Stealth would be improved by reducing observability of aircraft at more frequencies, while greater range could be achieved with penetrating aerial refuelling capability

The Air Force is looking at using stealth or protective systems to enable a refueling vehicle to reach deeper into dangerous airspace.

Earlier this year, the US Air Force announced a change of course to pursue "a network of integrated systems disaggregated across multiple platforms" rather than a "sixth generation fighter" in its Air Superiority 2030 plan.

Carbon nanotube nonvolatile NRAM memory 1000 times faster than Flash will be commercially released by the end of 2018 by Nantero and Fujitsu

Nantero, Fujitsu Semiconductor and Mie Fujitsu Semiconductor today announced an agreement for Fujitsu and Mie Fujtisu to license that Nantero's technology for NRAM, non-volatile RAM using carbon nanotubes, and to conduct joint development towards releasing a product based on 55-nm process technology.

Three companies are aiming to develop a product using NRAM non-volatile RAM that achieves several 1000 times faster rewrites and many thousands of times more rewrite cycles than embedded flash memory, making it potentially capable of replacing DRAM with non-volatile memory.

Fujitsu Semiconductor plans to develop an NRAM-embedded custom LSI product by the end of 2018, with the goal of expanding the product line-up into stand-alone NRAM product after that. Mie Fujitsu Semiconductor, which is a pure-play foundry, plans to offer NRAM-based technology to its foundry customers.

Comment from Masato Matsumiya, System Memory VP, Fujitsu Semiconductor "Non-volatile memory using Nantero’s carbon-nanotube technology is a marked advance beyond conventional technology. Fujitsu Semiconductor has been designing and producing FRAM, a type of non-volatile RAM, since the late 90s, and is one of the few companies to have integrated FRAM design and production capabilities. We will be able to build on our experience and skill in this field to develop and produce NRAM as well. The combination of Nantero’s technology with our design and production capabilities promises to meet the longstanding needs of our customers for non-volatile memory that is higher density, faster, more energy efficiency, and with a higher rewrite cycle."

Nantero’s NRAM technology is based on carbon nanotubes and allows for non-volatile memory with high density and random access, promising to expand Mie Fujitsu Semiconductor’s line of embedded non-volatile memory products, which are a major focus of our business.

They are working with us on productization for multiple markets.  NRAM technology, with its combination of nonvolatility, high speed and high density, is uniquely positioned to allow for the continued evolution of memory beyond the projected limits and capabilities of classical technologies.

The computer memory market is about $85 billion per year
Embedded memory is about $10 billion per year
DRAM is $45 billion per year
Flash is about $30 billion per year

Nantero is looking to eventually get to half the price of DRAM
The memory is already about the same speed as DRAM and 1000 times faster than flash
They will use multi-level cells for higher density
Eventually after dominating the computer memory they will also be able to develop carbon nanotube transistors for computer logic.

Carbon nanotube memory will also be able to get down to 5 nanometer width sizes.
They will be able to extend computer performance improvement by 20 years.

The memory is at 1 volt and lasts for 100 billion cycles.

The nonvolatile nature of the memory (no energy needed to keep memory) and months of standby time will mean this memory will be perfect for enabling the internet of things and the vision of trillions of sensors

Previously in 2015, Nextbigfuture had technical details.

Carnival of Space 473

US Marines certain about putting combat lasers on KC-130 gunship and F-35B jet with development on track for 2021 airborne tests

Lt. Gen. Robert Walsh, the commanding general of Marine Corps Combat Development Command, said Tuesday that he could "absolutely" see putting a laser on the service's F-35B variant in the future.... "Because of the size and weight requirements for a laser, we'd probably start off with a KC-130," Walsh said at a Defense Writers Group breakfast in Washington. "As soon as we could miniaturize it, we'd put them on F-35s, Cobras [attack helicopters], any of those attack aircraft."

This was reported by the Washington Examiner and Popular Science.

In May, 2016 The US Air Force indicated they hada plans to arm its fleet of drones and fighter jets with high-tech laser weapons.

Air Force Research Laboratory officials have said they plan to have a program of record for air-fired laser weapons in place by 2023.

Ground testing of a laser weapon called the High Energy Laser, or HEL, was slated to take place last year at White Sands Missile Range, N.M., service officials said. The High Energy Laser test is being conducted by the Air Force Directed Energy Directorate, Kirtland AFB, New Mexico.

The first airborne tests are expected to take place by 2021, Air Force officials have said.

The developmental efforts are focused on increasing the power, precision and guidance of existing laser weapon applications with the hope of moving from 10-kilowatts up to 100 kilowatts.

Instead of flying with six or seven missiles on an aircraft, a directed energy weapons system could fire thousands of shots using a single gallon of jet fuel

France has funded combat lasers on wing mounted pods The F35 would prefer internal combat lasers as wing pods would reduce the stealthiness of the jet.

The US airforce wants to integrate combat laser systems into future fighters in the 2030+.

Initially the combat lasers will be in external pod that attach to the fighter and larger early lasers placed into the heavy and larger C-130 gunships.

The General Atomics HELLADS laser, which will soon shift from a DARPA experiment to a DARPA-Air Force Research Lab joint venture. “That was a major investment on the part of DARPA,” Hardy said. “It’s the first time anybody’s shown you can make a 150-kW-class electric laser.

The AFRL's directed energy directorate spends about a third of its roughly $150 million annual budget on laser technology. There is also combat laser research and develoment with the US Navy, DARPA, the US Army and the marines.

August 30, 2016

Pre:lude has $100 million in funding to address infertility #gsummit

Our bodies are not in synch with our lives. Women are having babies too late.

Prelude will offer the latest technology in fertility preservation, genetic diagnosis and IVF to increase your chances of having a healthy child when the time is right.

Prelude offers different payment plans and financing options that adapt to your needs, providing the best solution for patients with limited or no health insurance.

Prelude helps you determine and reduce your chances of passing on genetic diseases to your children*, allowing you to make an informed decision about your parenthood.

Fertility drops as we age

20s  1 in 10 couples are infertile [actually men are the main infertility problem in the 20s]
30s  1 in 6 couples are infertile
During the 40s every couple is infertile, but chance of live birth with frozen donor eggs is over 90% after 3 cycles

Of the women who never had children. Only 4% had that as a plan. 33% of women never have children. So almost 32% wanted to have children. And the usual number of children that they had wanted was on average 2.7

Prelude says freeze your eggs and freeze sperm. Do not freeze embyros because marriages may not last.

Made in Space wins the Singularity University Grand Challenge in space #gsummit

Singularity University Grand Challenge in space end goal is Safe and Equitable use and stweardship of space resources and technologies for the benefit of humanity and our future as a multi-planetary species

Made in Space has won the Singularity University Grand Challenge in space

Made in Space is the only organization ever in history to have the capability to manufacture off planet Earth.

The space industry has been bottlenecked for over 55 years due to the fact that everything we put in space has to launch on a rocket. By manufacturing in space, we can build objects that are far bigger than can fit into a rocket and unlock new mission opportunities. For instance, 100+ meter size antennas made in space can provide global broadband internet directly to personal devices. MIS has over $30mm in NASA, government, and commercial contracts bringing this vision to reality.

Our Mission: Industrial processing and manufacturing in space frees Earth from pollution and provides abundance as our technology needs advance.

In 2015, the International Space Station’s 3-D printer manufactured the first 3-D printed object in space, paving the way to future long-term space expeditions. The object, a printhead faceplate, is engraved with names of the organizations that collaborated on this space station technology demonstration: NASA and Made In Space, Inc., the space manufacturing company that worked with NASA to design, build and test the 3-D printer.

Smartstones is the Singularity University Grand Challenge Winner in Learning #gsummit

Singularity University Grand Challenge in Learning End goal - Access to information and experiences that build knowledge and skills for all people at all stages of their lives for personal fulfillment and benefit to society

Winner of the Learning challenge is Smartstones

Smartstones makes the Prose application.

Smartstones is a "Democratizing Voice" for 370 million people who can't speak, who are connected to 3 billion who desire to see them thrive. These 370 million people are nonverbal, yet have private social networks of 10 or more people.

The most basic human need, communication is the single biggest barrier to accelerating literacy. 2016 Gold Edison Award winner for Social Innovation. Recognized for entrepreneurship and innovation alongside Tesla, Space X and Apple. Pilot with the largest school system in USA. We just announced "Think to Speak" beta - the first consumer EEG + mobile speech solution.

Our Mission: Smartstones technology makes it simpler for people with HCI challenges to speak with body language. Converting sensor data from wearable devices into speech.

Here's how :prose works:
1. Tap the Speech Bubble to open the Manage Page.
2. Tap any gesture which you'd like to assign a phrase to.
3. Enter your phrase, and pick a color.
4. Tap the Speaker icon to return to the Canvas Page.
5. Perform the gesture and :prose will speak your phrase aloud, and display it on the screen.

speak :prose

The most advanced way to access literacy and core language using simple gestures. Available for iPhone, iPad and iPod Touch.

For people with physical challenges, pair a sensory remote controller like Smartstones Touch, Apple Watch, and Emotiv brainwave headsets to speak with swipes, taps, or thought and facial commands.

Lowesbot will be placed into all 11 Lowe's Stores in the Bay Area #gsummit

Lowes and Singularity University will place Lowesbots into all 11 Lowe's stores in the Bay Area

A customer's experience in retail stores remained relatively unchanged for decades, but their expectations changed significantly. Lowe's Innovation Labs partnered with Fellow Robots to introduce Autonomous Retail Service Robot technology to amplify the shopping experience for customers and employees.

Nextbigfuture had transferred domain hosting to Google - Naked Domain problem resolved

Apologies for the problems again with the URL.

The Naked domain problem should now be resolved (there might still be a delay in DNS propogation or caching.)

But I believe forwards to

Apologies again for the site problems

View smart nanotechnology glass is in 250 commercial buildings #gsummit

Solar radiation and glare are reduced when the View glass is tinted, creating a comfortable indoor climate for occupants.

By admitting natural daylight and rejecting unwanted solar glare, View Dynamic Glass significantly reduces annual energy costs.

Control View Dynamic Glass from anywhere, create schedules, track energy efficiency and manage entire buildings with our mobile app.

View Dynamic Glass uses a proprietary electrochromic process to create smart glass in a world-class manufacturing facility. The best talent, equipment, and processes from the semiconductor, flat panel and solar industries produce dynamic glass in sizes up to 6 feet by 10 feet in many custom configurations. The factory combines leading-edge glass manufacturing with high technology processes and controls to deliver products that save energy, minimize heat and glare and allow occupants to enjoy the view to the outdoors. View Dynamic Glass is specified by architects for product performance, durability and energy savings.

Future of Work - People at the center #gsummit

Josh Bersin founded Bersin and Associates (now Bersin by Deloitte) in 2004 to provide research and advisory services focused on corporate learning, leadership, talent management, and HR technology. Today he is responsible for Bersin by Deloitte’s long-term strategy, research direction, and market eminence. Josh is a frequent speaker at industry events and has been quoted on talent management topics in key media, including Harvard Business Review, The Wall Street Journal, Bloomberg, The Financial Times, BBC Radio, CBS Radio and National Public Radio. He is a popular blogger for, a leading LinkedIn influencer, and has been a columnist since 2007 for Chief Learning Officer magazine. Josh spent 25 years in product development, product management, marketing and sales of e-learning and other enterprise technologies at companies including DigitalThink (now Convergys), Arista Knowledge Systems, Sybase, and IBM. Josh’s education includes a B.S. in engineering from Cornell University, an M.S. in engineering from Stanford University, and an MBA from the Haas School of Business at the University of California, Berkeley.

Work and jobs are not going away

Future of work is all about people

Biohacking - converging on you #gsummit

Hannes Sjoblad is a SU Alumn (2010) and co-founder of the Sweden-based biohacker network Bionyfiken. Bionyfiken is a chartered non-profit which unites DIY-biologists, hackers, makers, body modification artists and health and performance devotees. In this role, Hannes is actively exploring the edges of human-machine integration.

Hannes work and insights into near- and inbody technology has been internationally recognised by among others Wired, Motherboard, Bloomberg, Business Insider, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, CNN, BBC, Daily Mail, Le Figaro, Nouvel Observateur, Heise and others.

As a bodyhacker, he does not step back from experimenting with technology with his own body, and his vision is of a future where the human body has radically different capabilities than it does today.

Todays cyborgs are mostly older people. People with cochlear implants.

About 50,000 cochlear implants per year.

Internet of things speaks NFC, bluetooth and wifi. NFC implants can be used to communicate with IOT devices

NFC implant can be used for purchases.

Becoming four times more productive at work #gsummit

Will Henshall is CEO/founder of, a Los Angeles based tech platform that helps professionals be four times more productive at work. He has had a 30 year career as a start up entrepreneur, tech inventor and notably successful musician.

In 1987 he founded the British pop soul band Londonbeat, who had two Billboard #1 hits, “I’ve Been Thinking About You” (91) and “Come Back” (95). After touring extensively he wanted to spend more time at home, and one day while sitting in his London recording studio he started figuring out how to collaborate remotely with other musicians and sound designers around the globe.

In 1996, he moved to San Francisco and started up Rocket Network, funded by Paul Allen and Cisco Systems, where he invented the the media transfer system, DigiDelivery, subsequently used extensively in film and tv audio post production. He sold the company to Avid/ProTools in 2003.

An interest in helping people work more efficiently and live happier healthier lives led him to attending the Singularity University Executive Program in 2011, where he had the ‘light bulb moment’ for his next start up idea. With support and investment from SU Labs and Dave McClure’s 500 Startups, he created Focus At Will, neuroscience technology that uses tightly timed instrumental music to deliver instant productivity on demand. The company has now helped nearly 1 million people over the past 3 years, with over 80% of subscribers continuing to renew every year.

How Does Focus@Will Work? Music helps you focus

Focus@will was developed in partnership with leading neuroscientists Dr. Evian Gordon (, Dr. Stephen Sideroff (UCLA Professor of Psychology) and ADHD expert and best-selling author Dr Ned Hallowell ( Trials show typical 11-12% positive increase in focus biomarker and up to 400% extended session time.

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