science

futureTerraforming Mars in 50 Years with Large Orbital Mirrors, Bacteria and Factories

The McKay-Zubrin plan for terraforming Mars in 50 years was cited by Elon Musk. Orbital mirrors with 100 km radius are required to vaporize the CO2 in the south polar cap. If manufactured of solar sail-like material, such mirrors would …

diseaseEbola Vaccine and New Ebola Drugs are Effective

An Ebola vaccine (rVSV-ZEBOV-GP Ebola vaccine) tested in Africa is 97.5% effective. Only 8.8% (60/679) of the vaccinated rings reported Ebola cases, and only 2.2% (15/679) reported Ebola cases 10 days or more after vaccination.The majority of cases among vaccinated …

crisprMany CRISPR Gene Editing Clinical Trials Underway

Human clinical trials are using CRISPR/Cas9 to combat cancer and blood disorders. In these tests, researchers remove some of a person’s cells, edit the DNA and then inject the cells back in, now hopefully armed to fight disease. Researchers are …

artificial inteligenceNew Ultrafast Artificial Intelligence Mimicking Brain Dynamics

Using advanced experiments on neuronal cultures and large scale simulations, a group of scientists at Bar-Ilan University in Israel has demonstrated a new type of ultrafast artifical intelligence algorithms — based on the very slow brain dynamics — which outperform …

MarsMaking Mars Habitable For Plants Could Be Surprisingly Easy for Partial Terraforming

Around 50 K of surface warming is required on Mars to raise annual average low- to mid-latitude temperatures to above the melting point of liquid water. Mars’s current atmosphere is too thin to significantly attenuate ultraviolet (UV) or to provide greenhouse …

physics$3 Million Breakthrough Prize for the Influential Supergravity Theory

The $3 Million Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics was shared between theorists Sergio Ferrara (CERN), Daniel Z. Freedman (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Stanford University), and Peter van Nieuwenhuizen (Stony Brook University). The three are being honored for “the invention …

climate changeEmpress Trees Are The Best Tree to Solve Global Carbon Dioxide Problem

Adding about 10% more global forest using Empress Splendor trees would offset all of the CO2 generated by human civilization each year. The US and Canada have 3.2 billion acres of forest (1.3 billion hectares). Forests cover 31 percent of …

energyLPP Fusion Technical Progress and New Fundraising

LPP Fusion has reduced the impurities in their plasma with the new beryllium electrodes. They will switch the gas mixture to include nitrogen in order to get the symmetrical compression needed for high gains in fusion yield that low impurity …

agricultureBetter Fertilizer for Drip Irrigation Systems

Kiwa Bio-Tech, an agricultural company that develops, manufactures and markets bio-fertilizers for use in the China agriculture and aquaculture markets, claims to have a new fertilizer processing technology. They developed it with the Institute of Bio-Agriculture of Shaanxi Academy of …