Post-Translational Logic (PTL) devices regulate the post-translational modifications of proteins to define system state and control cell function. Current synthetic biological circuits make use of protein-DNA and RNA-RNA interactions to control gene expression in bacteria– such circuits are examples of Transcription-based Logic.
This is an area where Samantha Sutton of MIT is a leading researcher.
The BioBricks Foundation awarded Samantha Sutton the prize of Best Device at the Synthetic Biology 2.0 confernce. Sutton works in the Endy Lab.
A brief comparison of the two types of logic is as follows:
* Engineered around gene expression
* Typical parts: transcriptional regulators, translational regulators
* Typical signal: PoPS, resulting in desired cellular concentrations of proteins.
* Easier to engineer than PTL
* Slow response time (hours)
* Uses one subset of cellular functions
* Engineered around protein modifications
* Typical parts: kinases, phosphorylation sites, docking sites
* Typical signal: rate of modification, resulting in desired state of proteins.
* More difficult to engineer than Transcription-based logic.
* Fast response time (seconds)
* Explores a new set of applications