Install services before and head off slums from forming

Small and large cities in asia and africa need to anticipate their growing populations and migrants from the countryside. It is much easier and cheaper to install services beforehand on “minimally serviced land” than to retrofit existing shanty towns and slums.

It is easier to raise the standard of living and health and education services of people living in cities than in the countryside.

China has been underestimating the rate of urbanization