India Constructing and Approving More Nuclear Reactor Build, China, France and USA nuclear updates

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1. A ceremony has been held to mark the start of groundbreaking for units 7 and 8 of the Rajasthan Atomic Power Project (RAPP) in India. First concrete is scheduled to be poured at the site before the end of the year. RAPP 7 and 8 will be 700 MWe indigenously designed pressurized heavy water reactors (PHWRs). The pouring of first concrete for the units is planned for December, after excavation works have been completed. The reactors are scheduled to begin commercial operation in June and December 2016, respectively. The estimated cost of constructing the two units is put at Rs 123.2 billion ($2.6 billion).

India approved the construction of two further 700 MWe PHWRs at Kakrapar in Gujarat state. According to NPCIL, excavation work has now been completed for the two units at Kakrapar and the company is awaiting approval from the AERB to begin pouring concrete. The Kakrapar site already hosts two 220 MWe PHWRs, which entered commercial operation in 1993 and 1995, respectively. The larger Kakrapar units 3 and 4 are due to start operating in 2012

2. The Indian cabinet has agreed changes to the Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Bill. The liability limit has been tripled from Rs 500 crore ($109 million) to Rs 1500 crore ($327 million) and that the time period for making claims in relation to a nuclear incident has been doubled from 10 to 20 years. The bill has dropped an existing clause that exempted suppliers from liability in the case of an accident

3. China has two AP1000s being built at Sanmen and two more at Haiyang, preparations are under way for new pairs at Xianning (Hubei province), Pengze (Jiangxi province), and Taohuajiang (Hunan province). Beyond those, over 50 AP1000s are currently on the books with many more likely in the further future.

Westinghouse would be expected to supply new AP1000s with nuclear fuel and expects to have contracts for providing engineering services, automation as well as certain components and materials. Consultation, training and support could also come as part of new “full contracts” which should be finalized within the next few months at the same time as construction permit.

4. France had 31.744 TWh of nuclear generation in July, 2010 which was an increase of 9.8% over July 2009 France appears on track to generate 405-420 TWH for 2010. The first half of the year saw about 204 TWH of nuclear generation.

5. For 2010, year-to-date (to July, 2010) nuclear generation was 467.2 billion kilowatt-hours compared to 471.4 bkWh for the same period in 2009 and 467.4 bkWh in 2008

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