China will be passing the United States in GDP on a PPP basis and then passing the US in GDP on a exchange rate basis. Here are some low per capita income countries that overall have more GDP than a richer country.
Overall GDP, per capita GDP, and military spending levels are not that great at predicting the actual military capability of a country of the level of actual science and technology capability.
Mexico 1.039 trillion GDP exchange rate 2010 (112 million people) South Korea 1.007 trillion GDP exchange rate 2010 (48.9 million people)
PPP Countries GDP PPP Population Per Capita PPP
Japan 4.31 trillion (128 million people) 33,828 India 4.06 trillion (1.21 billion people) 3,290 Germany 2.94 trillion (81.7 million people) 35,930 Russia 2.22 trillion (142.9 million people) 15,837 United Kingdom 2.17 trillion (62 million people) 34,920 Brazil 2.17 trillion (191 million people) 11,239 France 2.15 trillion (65.8 million people) 34,077 Italy 1.77 trillion (60.6 million people) 29,400 Mexico 1.63 trillion (112 million people) 14,430 South Korea 1.46 trillion (48.9 million people) 29,836
India is well ahead of Germany, Russia and the UK in PPP GDP. India is massively inferior in terms of military and science and technological contribution. India did start to make significant progress in global contributions in key industries.
Military Expenditures by Country 2009
Country Amount Share of GDP
United States $687.1 billion 4.7% China 114.3 billion 2.2% France 61.3 billion 2.5% UK 57.4 billion 2.7 Russia 52.6 billion 4.3% Japan 51.4 billion 1.0% Germany 46.8 billion 1.4% Saudi Arabia 42.9 billion 11.2% Italy 38.2 billion 1.8% India 34.8 billion 2.8% Brazil 28.1 billion 1.6% South Korea 24.3 billion 2.9% Canada 20.2 billion 1.5% Australia 19.8 billion 1.9% Spain 15.8 billion 1.1% UAE 15.7 billion 7.3% Turkey 15.6 billion 2.7% Israel 13.0 billion 6.3% Netherlands 11.6 billion 1.5% Greece 9.4 billion 3.2% Colombia 9.2 billion 3.7% Taiwan 8.5 billion 2.4% Poland 8.4 billion 1.8% Singapore 7.7 billion 4.3% Iran 7.0 billion 1.8% Norway 6.3 billion 1.6% Chile 6.2 billion 3.5% Indonesia 6.0 billion 0.9%
The UK is currently far more capable of projecting military power than China in spite of China having a higher GDP and more military spending.
Israel clearly has a far more capable military than Canada. Israel has a PPP GDP of 218 billion and a population of 7.65 million. Canada has a GDP 7 times higher and a population over 4 times higher and per capita income that is better and higher military spending.
Saudi Arabia has a higher military budget. The Saudi military consists of over 200,000 active-duty personnel. In 2005 the armed forces had the following personnel: the army, 75,000; Royal Saudi Air Force, 18,000; air defense, 16,000; Royal Saudi Navy, 15,500 (including 3,000 marines); and the SANG had 75,000 active soldiers and 25,000 tribal levies.
The army’s main equipment consists of a combination of French- and U.S.-made armored vehicles: 315 M–1A2 Abrams, 290 AMX–30, and 450 M60A3 main battle tanks; 300 reconnaissance vehicles; 570+ AMX–10P and 400 M–2 Bradley armored infantry fighting vehicles; 3,000+ armored personnel carriers, including the Al-Fahd, produced in Saudi Arabia; 200+ towed artillery pieces; 110 self-propelled artillery pieces; 60 multiple rocket launchers; 400 mortars; 10 surface-to-surface missiles; about 2,000 antitank guided weapons; about 200 rocket launchers; 450 recoilless launchers; 12 attack helicopters; 50+ transport helicopters; and 1,000 surface-to-air missiles
The air force has a fleet of nearly 300 combat aircraft but no armed helicopters. However, its operational capabilities are believed to have fallen considerably since the Gulf War. As of 2006, Saudi Arabia had 291 combat aircraft, but most were nearing obsolete status. The kingdom’s combat aircraft are primarily outdated F–5 models plus British Tornados.
Israel has 83 F15s and 325 F16s in service. Israel has 90 attack helicopters.
Merkeva tank with new Trophy armor that helps protect against anti-tank missiles
Israel has about 1500 tanks.
Canada originally bought 138 “CF-18s” from 1982-1988, but accidents and retirements have reduced the fleet to about 103, with only 79 upgraded F/A-18A/B aircraft still operational. Canada is buying 65 new F-35As and should start getting them starting in about 2017. Estimates of the cost range from $17 billion to $29 billion.
Ranking countries by Science up to 2009
Brian Wang is a Futurist Thought Leader and a popular Science blogger with 1 million readers per month. His blog Nextbigfuture.com is ranked #1 Science News Blog. It covers many disruptive technology and trends including Space, Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, Medicine, Anti-aging Biotechnology, and Nanotechnology.
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