1. Defkalion Visited by PESN
Pure Energy Systems – Defkalion’s 5-45 kilowatt modular heat reactor is not yet a product you can go out and purchase, but it is getting close to the market. It will provide competitively-priced thermal energy, but with very low fuel costs for the nickel and hydrogen used in the reaction chambers that will last for six months of continuous output without refuelling.
In the coming few weeks, they will be having at least seven different groups come in to test their device, beginning with the Greek government next week. The results from each group will be published. Each group will have 48 hours to test the device and a control to which they can compare it.
They showed me the experimental set-up — running, producing heat. It includes a control chamber and an active reaction chamber. After the two are run simultaneously — one with the low energy nuclear reaction (aka cold fusion), and one without — showing that the low energy nuclear reaction (LENR) system produces at least 20 times more heat; they will then switch the reaction chambers, removing the nickel and hydrogen from one (cleaning it out to make sure there are no residual elements), and adding these ingredients to the other chamber, which previously was the ‘control’ or ‘blank’ chamber; to prove that the data remain the same. They will also show that some gamma radiation comes from the reaction chamber of the LENR system, as evidence that a low level nuclear reaction of some kind is indeed taking place (though not on a dangerous level to those operating the test). The final product will be fully shielded to prevent emission of stray radiation.
Defkalion is planning “very soon” to announce the first 18 licensees that are authorized to manufacture and distribute the technology in their respective countries, with an exclusive contract for those regions. Each license costs 40.5 million Euros. Many of those licensees are well under way in procuring the necessary permitting and other requirements for launching a production plant. Each factory is designed to be able to manufacture 300,000 units per year. The factory is pretty much like a franchise, where Defkalion will provide a blueprint for not just the technology but also the factory layout and operation.
The Hyperion contains nine reaction vessels, each producing 5 kW of heat. Whether you just want 5 kW or 45 kW, or any amount in between, you will purchase the same unit. If a person only wants 5 kW, then the reaction vessels will rotate one after another, until all reactants are used up. So the duration could be as much as 4.5 years (each vessel reactants are designed to last 6 months). But that doesn’t take into consideration the inevitable loss of hydrogen. They agreed with me that this is yet an unknown — how long the vessel will actually remain charged and ready to go.
In addition to the 5-45 kW heat system, Defkalion is also in the process of negotiating with companies to tackle specific applications, such as marine, transportation, utilities, etc., which may require larger systems up to 5MW, or larger; for which their commercial partners will obtain the rights to the manufacturing and distribution of that application worldwide.
They have nearly accomplished all the requirements to go commercial, having completed the reactor engineering, achieved approvals, and addressed security. They still have a few things to secure in their IP.
But as for their IP strategy, they realize that it will only be a matter of time before the technology is reversed engineered and someone else comes out as a competitor. They hope to be able to maintain the lead for a long time. Any competitors who reverse engineer the publicly-available technology are going to require time to engineer it, and Defkalion is already 3-6 months ahead of what’s publicly available.
They have already done the safety testing required for such devices, subjecting them to things like fire, earthquake, hot, cold. Newcomers will yet have to jump through those hoops.
Furthermore, they will benefit substantially from the branding and respect that will come from being the first to market, which will benefit them for years to come. And they intend to stay on the cutting edge by being open to developing new breakthroughs that come along, though for now they are committed to focusing on the LENR technology until it is established in the market.
2. Rossi speaking at his website forum. He is not working with Defkalion
Rossi is building the production line for his energy catalyzer before the Underwriters lab (UL) certification has been made. UL may require that modifications be made to the E-Cat, which would mean changing his production setup.
Rossi indicated –
Yes, I am taking risks, but a robotized line is also reprogrammable for the particulars: we expect some modification, but, as you correctly wrote, if we wait the end of the certification process to start the preparation of the factory we risk to delay . As you correctly said, I am taking my risks, but are calculated risks: a delay would cost more than a modification.
Brian Wang is a Futurist Thought Leader and a popular Science blogger with 1 million readers per month. His blog Nextbigfuture.com is ranked #1 Science News Blog. It covers many disruptive technology and trends including Space, Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, Medicine, Anti-aging Biotechnology, and Nanotechnology.
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