Guest posting by Goat Guy.
Widom-Larson theory relies on
• 1. Local electric-field strengths from tera-volts/meter to 1000× that, on small scales
• 2. Two forms of “physics magic” that have no prior physics to support
• 3. A third form of “physics magic” that depends critically on geometric anisotropy
It further ends up predicting
• 4. That all materials are susceptible to “special-neutron” absorption
• 5. That the same surface-hydrated materials would be exceptional gamma shields
• 6. There would be quite a mix of post-neutron-transmuted radioisotopes
• 6b. Failure of device to cleanly “turn off”
• 7. There must be a large degree of gamma slip-by (unless #3 is statistically perfect)
And it sidelines
• 8. Lack of evidence of other large-neutron-cross-section transmutation isotopes
• 9. Plausible tunneling energy barrier presented by theorized, required emitted neutrino
• 10. Improbability of selective transmutation pathways leading only to stated results
• 11. Impossibility of gamma intercept by the SPP (plasmon/polaron) “patches”
• 12. Lack of supporting transmutation under prior 50 years of hydrogen-absorption testing
• 13. Short-timescale di-neutron and tri-neutron fission
• 14. Non-selective nature of “ultra-cold” thermal neutron absorption on all [5 < Z < 200]
• 15. Orders-of-magnitude insufficiency for thermal nano-scale postulated electric field energies
#1 — enormous local electric fields. Tera-to-Peta volt (per meter) fields may be sustained when a conjugate field shields the local acceleration phenomena to prevent immediate localized ionization. However, WLT requires fields not compromised by conjugation. The fields, if somehow established, would immediately collapse by ionic reconfigurations. This would support the idea that such fields might pop into, and out of existence, rather not unlike the theorized Casimir-force virtual bosons and fermion conjugate pairs. [I’m already given “a convenient pass” on this part of WLT.]
#2 Physics Magic A — “patches” of surface-plasmon-polariton coherently synchronized electrons
#2 Physics Magic B — “total γ absorption” by said SPP patches.
#3 Physics Magic C — Somehow the not-denied requirement of γ emission must be directed exactly toward the SPP patches that formed the virtual slow neutron, that does the target-species transmutation. Which of course is hogwash. From quintillions of nuclear transmutation events, we know that there is no directional anisotropy, nor reflexive conjugate dependency on the incoming neutrons. That’s the deal: if one is going to presuppose bosons that are quantum redefined as large cross-section Shrodinger wave structures, then directionality must go out the window.
#5 Special γ shielding property — This is a key prediction that can easily be tested. If the activated (by whatever magic binds hydrogen to the metals, then also activates them), an experiment that nominally is set up to produce power, must also immediately become an extraordinary gamma-ray absorber. Direct an intense beam of γ rays through the device, to a detector. Get device up to speed, outputting power. The pass-through γ flux should come to near-zero at the detector.
[this would be an outrageously excellent result, if true! It would, in one fell swoop, provide a technological answer to the vexing question of “how to shield the astronauts”, or for that matter, how to remarkably shield all sorts of Physics experiments. It also could perhaps be activated as a fast γ ray shutter. The possibilities are endless. ]
#4 Non-specific neutron absorption — This one is a toughie. If nickel works, and if very lightly doped alloys, primarily of nickel but with a few other species present also work (or maybe are necessary, if Magic Beans are involved!) then all isotopic components stand a nearly-equal chance of undergoing non-radiative transmutation. Again, working with the wave-function notion of a neutron as is required for WLT to operation, virtually all nuclear species are equally susceptible to a neutron-plus-up.
#6 Broad spectrum of post-run isotopes — this I’ve covered elsewhere. The consequence of non-specific neutron absorption is that there would accumulate a very broad spectrum of both stable and radioactive isotopes through beta decay and Z-shift. Numerically modelled (by me), the spectrum of resulting isotopes would grow broader in time, and would result in “spent fuel” [nickel] that would be very highly radioactive for years and decades from the transmutations. I believe this has so far not been measured.
#6b Soft-stop is only option — Since 6a is unavoidable by the proposed mechanism of WLT, there are 4 direct predictions about the empirical external power-generation of a device dependent on WLT for its curry. 6b1: the power-output ramp-up would be gradual, and complex over fairly long half-life signatures of the intermediate isotopic species transmutation rates. 6b2: The shielding effect (5) would also gradually transform from efficient to inefficient as localized saturation would build. 6b3: The turn-OFF rate of such a device would depend heavily on its duration of operation in high-output mode. The build-up of highly activated radio-isotopes would generate power for days after the main system was shut down. [ 6b4: And the lack of catalyst activation following shutdown, would allow the otherwise theory-required “capture” of gamma rays to go unimpeded, creating a “shadow” of γ following shutdown ]
#7 [derivative off imperfections in #3] Given that quantum smearing would yield a fairly isotropic emission of γ energy, and given that the proposed SPP electron patches are the opposite [specifically localized], then there either would be a persistent slip-through of non-absorbed γ rays that could be externally measured, if by nothing more than the top-most geometric boundary of absorbed hydrogen quasi-atoms, or, the theory would have to support the idea that only the deepest nuclei are undergoing transmutation. EVEN if that were the case, then one should be able to observe gamma emission on the non-activated “side” of a bi-metal magic-bean catalyst insert.
#7b [an opportunity for a remarkable device] — If this turns out to be measured (anisotropic and strongly directional emission of gamma radiation from a bi-metal constructed catalyst substrate), then we have the equivalent of a “gamma spotlight bulb”. Which would be hugely useful in … well, just about everything from chemistry to physics, from materials engineering to food-preservation, from CAT-scanning to highway bridge inspection, etc.
#8 Lack of cœval isotope formation — So far … all the myriad of other isotopic species seems not to have shown up on the extremely rare and somewhat questionably calibrated and sample-secure methods used so far in Mass-Spec.
#9 The neutrino-energy problem — This one is fairly big: the theory calls for emission of an electron (or positron) neutrino, cœval with the virtual creation of a neutron by weak-interaction dynamics at each site of quantum collapse. Yet, for that neutrino to be cobbled together, its own rest-energy must be invested, which seems to be on the order of, or greater than that derived from the transmutation events themselves. Certainly far more than one might explain away with a little tepid (by nuclear physics measure) metal or phonon excited electron patches.
#10 The selective transmutation conundrum — Again, the very nature of requirements postulated by Widom-Larson theory that would allow for the presumed cocktail of energies, and events that would lead to the same energies, requires neutrons to be very broad in admittance cross-section to host nuclei. The few [very few] quantitative data sets point to very specific transmutations of naturally-occuring elements to other naturally-occuring element isotopes, without significant (or even measurable) transmutation down equally probable side chains.
#11 The gamma-absorption anisotropy problem — Alluded to above, this one remains quite a whale to explain away. There is no other physics results to suggest that either γ rays would be selectively emitted in the direction of the surface plasmon/polariton patches (for their theorized super-absorption), or, that such patches would have energy-specific absorptivity preciesly tuned for either positron anhiliation γ at 511 kEv, or for more general nuclear-rearrangement quantum γ emission in the 0.3 to 5.5 MEv ranges. This is a whale.
#12 Evidence missing in prior 50 years of metallurgy — That metallurgists have been working with hydrogen-activated and surface-saturated metals and metal alloys over the last 5 decades is a fact. That they’ve been doing millions of very precise Mass-Spec analyses of the resulting experiments is fact. That the Mass-Spec has shown no “transmutation events” is fact. That the WLT predicts that under a huge variety of conditions hydrogen-surface activation is inevitable amongs the metallic species is fact. That no one has found the Mass-Spec anomalies … is very deeply undermining to WL theory.
#13 Poly-neutron fission — Although some researchers believe that reasonably stable dineutronium (two bound neutrons) could form, as well as trineutronium and above, all experiments so far have produced no evidence that it is so. The lack of a Coulomb barrier is helpful for the neutrons to cœxist without repulsion. Yet, the Strong nuclear force is both repulsive at the smallest scales, and attractive at the larger scale. Heisenberg’s duality and the inability of neutrons to carry the quantum half-spin in a form that other neutrons can “feel” prevents neutrons from compating spontaneously to pure neutronium.
That and quantum-chromodynamic pressure preventing gluon-quark self-immolation. And S(2) theory. And… well, a whole lot more. As physicists understand things at present, a pair of neutrons would simply fission on attosecond time-scales for lack of a binding electrical field, such as exists between a neutron and proton. This would result in a powerful emission of neutrons through 3-body dynamics. This would not (and could not) be shielded by any present experiment’s pathetically svelte casings or enclosures.
#14 5 < Z < 200 non-specificity This one is cryptic sounding, but simple: The open neutron proposition also requiers that there should be a large and unmaskable level transmuted oxygen from the transmutation of surface oxides and nitrides on the magic-bean metal catalyst. Moreover, it should be very large: nanopowders contain very sizeable surface-area-to-volume ratios (which has been suggested as necessary for Rossi and Defkalion power levels), but also requires that the magic bean powder has very high proportion of surface oxides and nitrides. Can’t have it both ways… surface activation on nanopowders is highly reactive and requires no thermal envelope to entirely coat all particles in monolayers of oxides. Therefore, there should be strong transmutation signatures of oxygen and nitrogen turning into neighbor species.
#15 The Electri Field Problem — It has been widely cited that either a very high frequency activating electric field, or the thermal mean-free-path dyanmics of bulk-metals be required to “turn on” the effect. Nice. Convenient. Cool if true. The problem is, that between 300°K and 1000K, the thermal energies involve are just pathetically insufficient compared to the proposed surface plasmon/polariton dynamics … to cause the dynamics to exist. Also, the high-frequence radio-bathed-sample thing is likewise remarkably insufficient on the geometry-shielded scales involved in the theory. Nano-“cracks” and crevaces are virtually entirely shielded from electric field activation that is 10 λ wavelengths larger than the topological curled space.
Putting that into perspective, 10 to 100 nanometer crevaces would require c/λ or 3,000,000,000,000,000 Hz ( 3000 THz ) to 30,000 THz wavelengths in order to support the proposed activation mechanism. Most of the experimenters are wow’ing themselves with megahertz to gigahertz magic bean radio-waves. Only about … 1,000,000 times too big.
G o a t G u y
Brian Wang is a Futurist Thought Leader and a popular Science blogger with 1 million readers per month. His blog Nextbigfuture.com is ranked #1 Science News Blog. It covers many disruptive technology and trends including Space, Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, Medicine, Anti-aging Biotechnology, and Nanotechnology.
Known for identifying cutting edge technologies, he is currently a Co-Founder of a startup and fundraiser for high potential early-stage companies. He is the Head of Research for Allocations for deep technology investments and an Angel Investor at Space Angels.
A frequent speaker at corporations, he has been a TEDx speaker, a Singularity University speaker and guest at numerous interviews for radio and podcasts. He is open to public speaking and advising engagements.