YCBO higher temperature superconductors are expected to hit over 30 tesla

High Magnetic Field Science and Its Application in the United States:
Current Status and Future Directions (2013, 232 pages)

High magnetic fields have enabled major breakthroughs in science and have improved the capabilities of medical care. High field research can be divided into two broad areas. First, high fields, in competition with internal magnetic forces, can create exotic magnetic states in advanced electronic materials. The nature of these states challenges our basic understanding of matter. For example, in the fractional quantum Hall effect, accessed only in strong magnetic fields, electrons organize themselves into a peculiar state of matter in which new particles appear with electrical charges that have a fraction, such as one-third or one-fifth, of the charge of an electron. In other magnetic materials, the field can create analogues of the different forms of ice that exist only in magnetic matter. These exotic states also provide insight for future materials applications. Among these states are phases with spin-charge interactions needed in next-generation electronics.

High magnetic fields have enabled major breakthroughs in science and have improved the capabilities of medical care. High field research can be divided into two broad areas. First, high fields, in competition with internal magnetic forces, can create exotic magnetic states in advanced electronic materials. The nature of these states challenges our basic understanding of matter. For example, in the fractional quantum Hall effect, accessed only in strong magnetic fields, electrons organize themselves into a peculiar state of matter in which new particles appear with electrical charges that have a fraction, such as one-third or one-fifth, of the charge of an electron. In other magnetic materials, the field can create analogues of the different forms of ice that exist only in magnetic matter. These exotic states also provide insight for future materials applications. Among these states are phases with spin-charge interactions needed in next-generation electronics.

Opportunities for superconducting magnets lie with substituting low T materials such as Nb3Sn which presently produce 24 Telsa dc with high T materials such as YBa2Cu3O7 which promise to reach 30 Tesla dc within the next 5 years.

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