DARPA sees future third wave of Artificial Intelligence

DARPA sees three waves of artificial intelligence –

Wave 1

Engineers create sets of rules to represent knowledge in well‐defined domains
The structure of the knowledge is defined by humans
The specifics are explored by the machine

Wave 2

Manifold hypothesis
Natural data forms lower dimensional structures (manifolds) in the embedding space

Each manifold represents a different entity
Understanding data comes by separating the manifolds

More detailed parsing until categories are clearly separated

Statistically impressive, but individually unreliable

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