China 2020 and 2030 energy plans

China’s total primary energy consumption is expected to have reached 4.36 billion tonnes of coal equivalent in 2016, up 1.4 percent compared to 2015. China’s total non-fossil fuel consumption rose to 13.3 percent of the total this year, up 1.3 percentage points compared to 2015.

China aims for non-fossil fuels to account for about 20 percent of total energy consumption by 2030, increasing to more than half of demand by 2050, its state planner said on Tuesday, as Beijing continues its years-long shift away from coal power.


China energy mix including oil for transportation

China generated
5620 TWh in 2015
5920 TWh in 2016
China is expected to be generating 7400 TWh in 2020.
China will be generating about 9000 to 11,000 TWH in 2030.

In 2015, China produced over 1,126 TWh of hydroelectric energy.
In 2020, China hydro power should be about 1250 TWh.

China Electricity in TWh
              2010       2015      2016      2020       2030
Total         3472       5600      5920      7400       9200
Thermal       2670       4077      4300      5200       5650
Hydro          675       1110      1126      1250       1650
Wind            52        185       241       300        600
Nuclear         75        161       210       450        850
Solar                      67        77       100        300

The National Energy Development Strategy Action Plan has set an ambitious target for wind power, aiming to reach 200 gigawatts (GW) by 2020, up from 129 GW in 2015. It also plans for solar capacity to reach 100 GW by 2020, up from nearly 43 GW in 2015. The pledge also aims to expand geothermal energy capacity to reach 50 million tons of coal equivalent by 2020.

China plans to reduce coal’s share of total energy consumption to 58 percent by 2020, compared to 64 percent in 2015. Coal would have to be at about 4300 TWh and 900 TWh or so would be natural gas.

In a policy document, the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) said carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions will peak by 2030 and total energy demand will be capped at 6 billion tons of standard coal equivalent by 2030, up from 4.4 billion tons targeted for this year.

China said in its 2016-2020 five-year plan in March that it would aim to keep total energy consumption below 5 billion tonnes of standard coal equivalent by the end of the decade.

It aims to cap coal-fired power capacity at 1,100 gigawatts by the end of 2020, an estimated 55 percent of the country’s total. Coal-fired capacity stood at 960 GW at the end of last year, accounting for about 64 percent of the total.

According to China’s five year energy plan, by 2020,
* hydropower installed capacity will reach 380 million kilowatts (including 40 million kilowatts of pumped storage power stations)
* installed capacity of wind power will reach 210 million kilowatts.
* Solar Installed capacity of more than 110 million kilowatts,
* biomass power generation installed capacity of 15 million kilowatts,
* the total utilization of geothermal heating to 42 million tons of standard coal development goals.

These targets add up to a total of 580 million tons of standard coal by 2020, plus nuclear power, which basically ensures the completion of the 15% non-fossil energy development target for 2020, To achieve non-fossil energy accounts for 20% of the primary energy consumption target to lay a solid foundation.

China plans to invest 2.5 trillion yuan ($364 billion) into renewable power generation by 2020.

1 trillion yuan for solar power as China seeks to boost solar capacity by five times
700 billion yuan for wind farms
500 billion yuan for hydro power
300 billion yuan tidal and geothermal

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