China claims successful Magnetic submarine and ship propulsion tests

China claims to have successfully tested its first permanent magnet propulsion motor for vessels recently, according to the State-owned China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (CSIC), which is known for manufacturing China’s first aircraft carrier and the Jiaolong submersible vessel.

The motor used in conventional submarines has the power of several megawatts, but he still cannot determine the exact power of the installed test model.

Permanent magnet propulsion motor technology can replace the reduction gears and significantly reduce the running sound to the lowest possible level, the expert said.

On the global scale, the permanent magnet motor will have the power to meet the needs of full electrical movement for nuclear submarines.

In July 2017, Chinese state media had reported that the China is fitting its newest nuclear sub with an electromagnetic engine that sounds a lot like Tom Clancy’s fictional Red October engine.

They had also reported that an electric rim driven shaftless submarine propulsion system was installed.

Rear Admiral Ma Weiming, China’s top naval engineer, is notably responsible for the development of multiple Chinese naval electromagnetic programs, including the electromagnetic catapult and railguns. He said the Chinese navy is adding a “shaftless” rim-driven pumpjet, a revolutionary and silent propulsion system to their newest attack submarine, the Type 095 SSN.

This electric drive is an attempt to leap beyond current submarine technology to technology with a long history of attempted development. This is similar to China making a stronger commitment to develop a submersible arsenal ship. China is taking technology and designs with decades of history and actually implementing them.

Previous submarine pumpjets are “shrouded propellers,” which consist of a tubular nozzle covering the propeller. By removing the shaft of the propeller, the reduction in the number of moving parts decreases the noise made by the pumpjet, as well as saving hull space. Smaller civilian rim driven electric pumpjets are easier to maintain, and have less cavitation (bubbles that form during propeller movement), which make them even more quiet.

CCTV13 had a “Focus on the interview” segment on May 30,2017. They discussed the of electric propulsion technology power of Admiral Ma Weiming. There was some discussion of the technology and spin about how China was moving beyond copying to attempt to create breakthroughs.The first few minutes of the video discussed telecommunication switching work of Zhang Ping.

Integrated Electrical Propulsion System (IEPS) turns all the output of the ship’s engine into electricity, unlike traditional propulsion designs, which convert engine and reactor output into mechanical action to turn the propeller shaft. The high electrical output can also be used to power motors for the propellers or potentially high-energy weapons. Additionally, IEPS has far fewer moving parts, making them quieter, and thus ideal for use on submarines. When coupled with quieter reactors like the Type 095’s reported natural circulation reactor, the rim-driven pumpjet and IEPS can drastically reduce the acoustic signature of any SSN.


Yamato-1 in 1991

Westinghouse, the leading U.S. advocate, gave up in the late 1960s — because the weight required to create a sufficiently powerful magnetic field would sink most ships.

In the early 1990s, Japan succeeded in making a 100 foot long 8 mph prototype surface ship called the Yamato. A group of Japanese physicists and naval architects quickly realized that the powerful magnetic coil made possible by superconductors could transform the MHD ship from old dream to new reality. Aconsortium of universities and major high-tech firms here committed about six years ago to forge ahead with a $40 million-plus project to build the propellerless MHD ship.

US and UK have tried to get electric drive to work but have not committed to it for their next generation submarines

The US Columbia submarine and UK Dreadought will not start construction for a few years and the first unit will be ready around the 2031. They have not decided to use electric drive and may choose more conventional propulsion systems.

The US and UK military and researchers have been working on electric drive propulsion tests for at least two decades. The RED-I motor used a wet gap permanent magnet motor to turn a ring of propeller blades. Two RED-I motors are mounted in free flood areas in the submarine mud tank, forward of the stern planes. The permanent magnet motor employed is large enough to permit a four feet diameter UUV to internally pass through the RED-I propulsor system in order to deploy from the stern of the submarine.

There has been general acceptance that there is potential benefit for quieter submarines using this technology but the US has opted for more conventional approaches for quieter submarines.

Various electric motors are being or have been developed for both military and non-military vessels.Those being considered for application on future U.S. Navy submarines include: permanent magnet motors (being developed by General Dynamics and Newport News Shipbuilding) and a high-temperature superconducting (HTS) synchronous motors (being developed by American Superconductors as well as General Atomics).

More recent data shows that the US Navy appears to be focusing on permanent-magnet, radial-gap electric propulsion motors (e.g. Zumwalt-class destroyers use an advanced induction motor). Permanent magnet motors are being tested on the Large Scale Vehicle II for possible application on late production Virginia class SSNs as well as future submarines. Permanent magnet motors (developed by Siemens AG) are used on Type 212 class submarines.

17 thoughts on “China claims successful Magnetic submarine and ship propulsion tests”

  1. The technology can be miniaturized to fit torpedoes. Large torpedoes with nuclear warheads. No defense. Aircraft carriers and other ships will be sitting ducks, so will coast cities. Good bye San Diego. On the other hand, carriers were never meant to be used against major countries. They are anti-third world vehicles, i.e. Iraq, Libya, and Syria.

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  2. I would argue for electromagnetic impulse (may be detectable) drive. Or, electromagnetic/rotational impulse drive.
    The US Navy, even considered, a type of magnetic boat oar. This would be possible however, slow.

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  3. In some ways China developing these types of military technologies is unnerving, yet in others encouraging. The difference is whether we will be adversaries or competitors. I hope it is not adversaries, but the US could definitely use a good competitor. We always do better with competition. Personally I wish someone would just create “NATO for all”, where an attack on one country is an attack on all. Every country could join, from the US to Europe to China to Iran and North Korea. If it were done correctly it would mean the end of war in our times, at least for a while. I am probably expecting too much though.

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    • So do you think China is acting peacefully in the south chinese sea? By building that concrete island and claiming international water for their own? Look, there is simply no upside with a strong chinese navy or military…

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      • China ‘ acquires ‘ the Spratley islands, 650 miles from their mainland, so they can lean on Vietnam and the Phillipines. America calls foul – having ‘ acquired’ Guam, 5,600 miles from their mainland, for much the same reasons – and not peacefully, either.

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    • China national anthem was composed during the days when China was in great peril. It’s not aggressions, more defensive, talking about building a new great wall and all that. Walls are defensive.

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      • Of course, of course – and swallowing parts of the ocean to build your own islands is also defensive – nothing expansionist about that. Proliferating nuclear weapons to rogue dictatorships is also defensive. No need for justification – no need to get defensive about it.

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        • Right, and look at how many nations has China smashed into ruins all these decades? Iraq, Libya, Syria, Afghanistan, or Serbia etc etc. And how many regime chance has China enacted in its modern history? How many nations has China broken?
          Talking about the aggressive China, not playing by the “international rules”? Btw which country does set the so-called “international rules”?
          Btw Japan is still occupying the Diaoyu Island from the Shimonoseki Treaty in 1895.

          Some parties refuse to recognize the Chinese historical claim on the South China Sea yet they have no problem to recognize the seizure of Hawaii, Guam, Diego Garcia, Malvinas (Falkland) Island and many small islands in many thousand kilometer even half the globe distance from the occupiers’ own mainlands. Just open the world map and look at who is occupying what 🙂 LOL

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        • Most of the complaints against China’s non-relocation-of-natives-non-occupation-of-foreign-lands-constructed islands are from the U.S. and its parrot-vassals. America has more than 800 bases all over the world. People who live in glass houses shouldn’t throw stones. U.S.’s presence or “discovery” of East Asia since the 1800s has been nothing but one of chaos, death and destruction for East Asians. Given half the opportunity, even Japan would like to get rid the Americans from East Asia. What more South Korea and China.

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