China defense budget increases by 8.1% but police state budget is still 20% more

China’s internal security budget has grown along with its external military defense spending. The internal security budget is 20% more than the defense spending.

China’s defense spending, announced on 5 March at a National People’s Congress (NPC) session where the Ministry of Finance unveiled its national budget, amounts to RMB1.107 trillion (USD175 billion).

This would put the internal security budget at about USD210 billion.

In 2016, US DOD estimates put China’s real spending at least 23% higher than announced. If the same ratio is used for 2018’s figure, China’s defense spending could be around the USD215 billion mark. Compared to the Pentagon, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) is less cautious in its estimate. Indeed, SIPRI calculated that China’s actual spending in 2016 was some 55% more than what was officially stated. The same kind of adjustment would put China’s 2018 defense spending at USD265 billion. China’s SIPRI adjusted 2020 defense spending should be USD300 billion and about USD450 billion in 2025.

The USA has an FY2019 budget request for the DoD for USD686 billion, with extra billions requested for operational requirements.

China military budget is going to aircraft carriers (nuclear-powered carriers are a near certainty), nuclear-powered submarines, stealth fighters, ballistic missiles, missile defense systems, space-based capabilities, quantum communications and artificial intelligence (AI).

Here is a Nextbigfuture infographic with a projection of military spending in 2030.

This is mainly based upon IMF forecasted GDP projections to 2022 and then extrapolated to 2030. The 2016 military spending as a percent of GDP is assumed to still be used out to 2030. A country spending 2% of its GDP on its military or 5% of GDP is assumed to still be spending the same percentage in 2030.

Nextbigfuture believes the IMF GDP forecasts out to 2022 for Russia and Saudi Arabia could be high.
Also, China’s currency improved in 2017 and 2018 and has had strong GDP performance. Nextbigfuture used these adjustments for an increased forecast for China’s GDP in 2030.

Most of the countries are growing at near the same pace. China and India have more growth and so have bigger economies and more military spending in 2030.

The United States still dominates world military spending.

Nextbigfuture is working with to create infographics.

Nextbigfuture had combined several sources to determine how much Russia, China and the United States spend on military hardware (tanks, planes, ships and research.)

Nextbigfuture is working with to create infographics.

* Russia announced their ten-year military hardware spending plan which was flat spending through 2027.
* Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) is an international institute based in Sweden, dedicated to research into conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament. They provide annual estimates of military spending and have projected military spending
* The International Institute for Strategic Studies, IISS, is a global think tank researching political and military conflict.

China is expected to grow its military hardware spending by about 5% per year and the USA at about 1-2% per year.

By 2025, China will grow from double Russia’s military hardware spending to triple and from less than half the US level to 60%.

Techno-police state

Since the start of the 2018 Spring Security Campaign, Zhengzhou Railway Police has taken the lead in using the portraits of police glasses on national railways. The police sunglasses can effectively screen out illegal travelers who are fleeing and fraudulent use of identity documents on the Internet. It is understood that the Zhengzhou Railway Police were stationed in Zhengzhou, the four stations were used in this police glasses.

At present, the police have already seized 7 online fledgling officers suspected of trafficking in persons, traffic accidents and escapes and other 26 fake identification personnel, and effectively purged the public security environment for passenger take-off and landing.

The sunglass device was able to identify individuals from a 10,000-person database within one-tenth of a second during tests. A basic, video-only version of the glasses retails for around $630, and has been sold to countries including the US and Japan.

China is install 400 million new CCTV cameras nationwide by 2020. China is building a facial-recognition database that can identify any Chinese citizen within three seconds. One IHS Markit estimate puts the number of cameras in China at 176 million today, with a plan to have 450 million installed by 2020.

Beyond the CCTV cameras there will be smartphones and the google glass like sunglasses. There will be billions of cameras.

China Technology empowered Police State will identify any face within 3 seconds by 2020 using billions of cameras.

China will also be applying drones and satellites and high resolution cameras.