There is a proposal to reclaim an artificial island measuring almost half the size of Kowloon to house up to 1.1 million people. One-third of the land would be allocated for housing, 70% of the residential areas would be dedicated to building affordable homes. The rest of the area would be for commercial uses, public facilities and new industries.
The foundation believed the island could be the city’s third commercial hub after Central and Kowloon East as it would be well connected with roads and railways to both Hong Kong Island and Tuen Mun. Neighbouring mainland cities such as Nansha and Zhongshan in Guangdong province would be within an hour’s reach.
A think tank led by Hong Kong’s first chief executive has partnered with three major global consultants to propose reclaiming 2,200 hectares of land to the east of Lantau Island in what would be the largest project of its kind in the city’s history. Hong Kong’s biggest reclamation project to date involved Hong Kong International Airport, which was carried out in the 1990s and entailed reclamation of 1,248 hectares at Chek Lap Kok on Lantau. Including the third runway now being built, the total reclamation amounts to about 1,900 hectares.
About 6% of Hong Kong is reclaimed land. Residents have joked that at some point ferries would not be needed to cross Hong Kong harbor, you just be able to walk over reclaimed land.
Hong Kong currently has 7.5 million people and is still growing. This project and some additional densification could push Hong Kong up to 9 million or even 10 million people.
The whole reclamation would take 14 years, with the first phase ready in 11 years.
The houses and office built on the new island tightly connected to Hong Kong, Kowloon and Lantau.