China’s top provinces passing Portugal in individual income

In 2018, China’s top 3 city-provinces (Beijing, Shanghai, and Tianjin) are past Portugal on a per capita income exchange rate basis. In purchasing power parity they are at about the level of Spain.

Below there is color coding of the projected per capita income. The reddish is for wealthier than Portugal on an exchange rate basis.
The blue is better than Poland but less than Portugal.
The yellow is better than Russia but less than Poland.

In South America, only Uruguay, Argentina and Chile are a little bit wealthier than Poland on an average individual basis.
In Africa, only the Seychelles is wealthier than Poland on an individual basis.

By 2023, the top 196 million will be at the level of Portugal or wealthier.
By 2023, the top 558 million will be at the level of Poland or wealthier.
By 2023, the top 900 million will be at the level of Russia or wealthier.
The rest of China is at about the level of Brazil, Indonesia and a few at the level of Pakistan. By 2023, the Pakistan level should mostly be gone and the poor provinces will be between Indonesia and Brazil.

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