Calculations of Room Temperature Superconductors But Requiring High Pressure

Calculations confirm the room-temperature superconductivity found by other authors, and show that it results
from a strong e-ph interaction which is rather uniformly spread over electronic and vibrational states of both hydrogen and yttrium sublattices.

Under high pressure there should be room temperature superconducting materials that are sodalite-like yttrium hydride clathrates.

Arxiv – Superconductivity in sodalite-like yttrium hydride clathrates

Ab-initio calculations of the superconducting properties of two high-Tc sodalite-like clathrate yttrium hydrides, YH6 and YH10, within the fully anisotropic ME theory, including Coulomb corrections. For both compounds they find almost isotropic superconducting gaps, resulting from a uniform distribution of the electron-phonon coupling over phonon modes and electronic states of mixed Y and H character. The Coulomb screening is rather weak, resulting in a Morel-Anderson pseudopotential mu*= 0:11, at odds with claims of unusually large Tc in lanthanum hydrides. The corresponding critical temperatures at 300 GPa exceed room temperature (Tc = 290 K and 310 K for YH6 and YH10), in agreement with a previous isotropic-gap calculation. The different response of these two compounds to external pressure, along with a comparison to low-Tc superconducting YH3, may inspire strategies to improve the superconducting properties of this class of hydrides.


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