China has more than half of the world’s big trucks and these trucks cause most of the particulate air pollution. Particulate air pollution kills about 1 million people per year.
They will improve the quality of diesel, crack down on low-grade fuel, and reduce overall nitrogen oxide and particulate matter emissions from fuel combustion.
New trucks that fail to comply with state requirements will not be allowed to enter the market, and some regions will be ordered to implement advanced “China VI” fuel standards starting from July.
Tackling truck emissions has become a major part of China’s efforts to curb pollution. Though trucks produce 13 times more pollution per unit of cargo than trains, the share of rail in total freight amounted to just 7.7 percent in 2017.
The environment ministry said last year that while diesel trucks accounted for just 7.8 percent of China’s total vehicles, they contributed more than 57 percent of total nitrogen dioxide emissions and more than three quarters of airborne particulate matter.
The ministry plans to charge higher fees and introduce more stringent monitoring procedures to try to persuade firms to make better use of the rail network to deliver goods.
Northern regions near the capital Beijing will eliminate more than 1 million outdated diesel-fuelled trucks by the end of 2020. Tougher controls on diesel freight will also be imposed during smog build-ups.
National rail freight rates will be increased by 30 percent compared with 2017, and authorities will work to ensure that long-distance bulk commodity deliveries are done via rail or ships.