India is aiming to build a fleet of future nuclear power plant projects in order to reduce costs and construction times, according to Kamlesh Vyas, chairman of the country’s Department of Atomic Energy (DAE). Kamlesh said 17 nuclear power reactors are planned in addition to those already under construction.
Vyas noted the overall contribution of India’s 22 operating reactors to the country’s electrical grid is relatively small, at about 3%. This, he said, is due to the smaller capacity indigenously designed reactors built initially to gain experience in nuclear technology.
The Indian government is committed to growing its nuclear power capacity as part of its infrastructure development programme, and has seven units currently under construction. These are: four indigenously designed pressurised heavy water reactors (PWRs), two each at Kakrapar and Rajasthan; two Russian-designed VVER PWRs at Kudankulam; and an indigenously designed prototype fast breeder reactor at Kalpakkam.
India plans to build 21 new nuclear power reactors – including 10 indigenously designed pressurised heavy water reactors (PHWRs) – with a combined generating capacity of 15,700 MWe into operation by 2031, the DAE announced in January.
The expansion is planned in three phases, with the first expected to increase uranium production to 3.5 times existing levels by the “12th year”. Completion of projects in the second phase is expected to achieve a sevenfold expansion over current production, with the third phase of projects leading to a tenfold increase over current levels by 2031-32.
According to the 2016 edition of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency and International Atomic Energy Agency joint report on uranium resources, production and demand (the ‘Red Book’), India’s known conventional uranium resources – reasonably assured resources and inferred – were estimated to be 181 606 tU as of January 2015. India produced 385 tons of Uranium in 2015. The AMD claimed to have established domestic uranium resources of 232,315 tU as of November last year.
Belgium May Not Phase Keep Nuclear Beyond 2025
Support by the Belgian public for keeping the country’s nuclear power plants in operation beyond 2025 has risen to 46% of those surveyed, up from 30% recorded in a 2017 poll. Seven nuclear reactors – four at Doel and three at Tihange – generate around half of Belgium’s electricity, but government policy currently envisages phasing out nuclear by 2025.
SOURCES – World Nuclear News
Written By Brian Wang, Nextbigfuture.com