If SpaceX and Boeing In-Flight Abort and Orbital Flight Test are good then NASA will certify each company to attempt their first commercial launches with astronauts aboard.
Boeing’s Pad Abort needs to go perfectly and Starliner’s NET December 17th OFT needs to be a total success. Boeing could be ready for its Crewed Flight Test (CFT) in 3-6+ months after (March-June 2020).
SpaceX’s In-Flight Abort test must go perfectly. The test is scheduled for December. SpaceX crew Dragon’s Demo-2 astronaut launch could occur as early as February or March 2020.
SpaceX's Crew Dragon Aces 13th Parachute Test in a Row https://t.co/zU37PLk3p6@BoostUpGroup#SpaceX announced it has completed the 13th successful test in a row of Crew #Dragon's parachute system.#Space #SpaceTechnology #Newspace #startup #SpaceStartup pic.twitter.com/sH3T5tKiVq
— BoostUp (@BoostUpGroup) November 5, 2019
Boeing declares spacecraft abort system test a success, despite the failure of one parachute https://t.co/GLPBa5yQPk
— The Washington Post (@washingtonpost) November 4, 2019
Boeing doing a quick job noting that 2 chutes "was acceptable for this test." But a parachute failure – as NASA keeps saying – is a critical item that will have to be looked into and understood. #Starliner @BoeingSpace #NASA
— Chris G – NSF (@ChrisG_NSF) November 4, 2019