Researchers have dated and studied 104 mustatil stone structures from the southern margins of the Nefud Desert in northern Arabia. Lead author is Huw S Groucutt of the Max Planck Institute in Germany.
Monumental landscapes of the Holocene humid period in Northern Arabia: The mustatil phenomenon, Holocene Journal, Huw S Groucutt, Paul S Breeze, Maria Guagnin, …,August 17, 2020.
This is a study of pre-history which is before people created written records.
Above are examples of groups of mustatils in the southern Nefud. They appear as faint rectangular shapes that are up to 30 meters by 600 meters. The large mustatil is the largest such structure recorded anywhere in Arabia. The southwestern end of this mustatil has been re-used to build both a keyhole and a pendant, among other structures. They appear to be stacked stones made into a walls.
There are hundreds of these low stone wall structures. They range in length from 15 meters to over 600 meters.
Some of the stones have diamond-shaped patterns on them.
A recently published stone platform from Dûmat al-Jandal dates to the sixth millennium BC (8000 years ago) and might have been used for funeral ceremonies.
Munoz, O., Cotty, M., Charloux, G., Bouchaud, C., Monchot, H., Marquaire, C., . . . Al-Malki, T. (2020). Marking the sacral landscape of a north Arabian oasis: A sixth-millennium BC monumental stone platform and surrounding burials. Antiquity, 94(375), 601-621. doi:10.15184/aqy.2020.81
There was carbon dating of stone desert kite structure in Jordan. It is dated at 8000BC (10,000 years ago)
al Khasawneh, S., Murray, A., Thomsen, K. et al. Dating a near eastern desert hunting trap (kite) using rock surface luminescence dating. Archaeol Anthropol Sci 11, 2109–2119 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12520-018-0661-3
SOURCES- Holocene, Archeology
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