India had 35 million motorized vehicles in 2019 and this is expected to triple by 2035. 12% were cars but a third were two-wheel scooters and another third were motorized rickshaws.
The top-selling two-wheel scooter is the Honda Activa with a 7 horsepower motor. This is equal to 5.2 kilowatts. The price is $700-740 (50,000 to 54000 Indian rupees) depending upon the exact model. It has 5.2 liters of fuel capacity and gets about 50 kilometers per liter. This is about 260 kilometers of range.
Above is a Honda Activa. Can an electric version displace the gas scooter?
A 2.5 kilowatt-hour battery for an electric two-wheel scooter would get about 100 kilometers of range. There coud be more range with a better drive-train.
China has 90% of the global 40 million units annual e-bike market. There are some that are electric scooters but others are lighter bicycles with electric power. There are annual global sales of 50 million motorcycles, scooters and mopeds every year.
The China battery maker CATL and Tesla are making gigafactories with batteries in the $80-100 per kwh price range.
A 5-kilowatt-hour battery pack with a superior drivetrain using $80 per kwh batteries could enable two and three-wheel electric scooters that could compete directly with the Honda Activa on price and features.
A gigafactory with 50 Gigawatt-hour capacity would be able to supply the batteries for 10 million two and three-wheel scooters every year.
There have been rumors of a new Tesla Gigafactory in India.
SOURCES- Wikipedia, Rocky Mountain Institute, Yourstory
Written By Brian Wang, Nextbigfuture.com (Brian owns shares of Tesla)