Apple and Toshiba EV Lithium Titanate Battery Pack May Nearly Be Road Ready

Gali at Hyperchange has sources who say Apple has been testing it’s EV battery. The Apple EV battery pack is almost ready to be driving around the road. His source told him there are 312 cells in the pack, and its manufactured by Toshiba.

Gali says the Apple-Toshiba battery is Lithium titanate.

Above – Schematic representation of the perovskite crystal structure of lithium lanthanum titanate. (Image: Fei Du / Jilin University)

Limiting Factor says – If Apple has an 800-volt pack, that means 2.56 volts for each cell if there are 312 cells as Gali suggested. If they hit 2.56 volts, that already looks like it might be an improvement on typical LiT.

In June, 2020 there was an article and paper about lithium titanate batteries.

Researchers at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and at Jilin University in Changchun / China have investigated a promising anode material for future high-performance batteries: lithium lanthanum titanate with a perovskite crystal structure (LLTO). As the team reports in the journal Nature Communications, LLTO can improve the energy density, power density, charge rate, safety and life of batteries without the need to reduce particles from the micrometer to the nanometer scale.

Nature Communications – Lithium lanthanum titanate perovskite as an anode for lithium ion batteries

Abstract
Conventional lithium-ion batteries embrace graphite anodes which operate at potential as low as metallic lithium, subjected to poor rate capability and safety issues. Among possible alternatives, oxides based on titanium redox couple, such as spinel Li4Ti5O12, have received renewed attention. Here we further expand the horizon to include a perovskite structured titanate La0.5Li0.5TiO3 into this promising family of anode materials. With average potential of around 1.0 V vs. Li+/Li, this anode exhibits high specific capacity of 225 mA h g−1 and sustains 3000 cycles involving a reversible phase transition. Without decrease the particle size from micro to nano scale, its rate performance has exceeded the nanostructured Li4Ti5O12. Further characterizations and calculations reveal that pseudocapacitance dictates the lithium storage process and the favorable ion and electronic transport is responsible for the rate enhancement. Our findings provide fresh impetus to the identification and development of titanium-based anode materials with desired electrochemical properties.

Elon Tweeted About a Different Apple EV Rumor

Elon Musk commented that a monocell battery would not work. The Monocell was mentioned in a Reuters article on the Apple EV.

SOURCES – Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Limiting Factor, Hyperchange, Elon Musk, Reuters
Written By Brian Wang, Nextbigfuture.com