Taiwan has the lowest birthrate in the world. In the CIA’s latest report on the total fertility rate (TFR), which assesses the average number of children women in a given country are expected to have during their childbearing years, Taiwan was ranked last out of 227 countries at 1.07 children per woman. The countries with the next four lowest birth rates are all in Asia: South Korea at 1.09, Singapore at 1.15, Macau at 1.21, and Hong Kong at 1.22. Replacement level fertility is the total fertility rate—the average number of children born per woman—at which a population exactly replaces itself from one generation to the next, without migration. This rate is roughly 2.1 children per woman for most countries, although it may modestly vary with mortality rates.
130 out of 227 countries are below replacement level fertility. These countries also include China, Vietnam, Indonesia, most of Europe, Japan, South Korea, Canada and many more.
Canada and some other countries are using high levels of immigration to offset low birthrates.
Sub-replacement fertility does not automatically translate into a population decline because of increasing life expectancy and population momentum. This is why some nations with sub-replacement fertility still have a growing population, because a relatively large fraction of their population are still of child-bearing age.
Natalist policies to attempt to encourage more women to have children. Measures include increasing tax allowances for working parents, improving child-care provision, reducing working hours/weekend working in female-dominated professions such as healthcare and a stricter enforcement of anti-discrimination measures to prevent professional women’s promotion prospects being hindered when they take time off work to care for children. These measures have helped the fertility rate to increase to around 2.0 in France and 1.9 in Britain and some other northern European countries.
There also needs to be free medical care for Invitro fertilization treatment.
Japan is among the countries experiencing accelerating population decline.
About 127 million people live in Japan. The population could drop below the 100 million mark by 2049. Japanese people are aging out of the workforce. By 2036, one in three people will be elderly. Japanese researchers found that among unmarried people between the ages of 18 and 34, nearly 70 percent of men and 60 percent of women were not in a relationship.
There needs to be a focus on helping fostering human connection.
The problem has many issues.
A society where people do not have economic stability and security has problems. The cratering population levels and the underlying reasons for it need to be solved or mitigated.
SOURCES – Taiwan News, CIA
Written by Brian Wang, Nextbigfuture.com