In 2011 Superconductors.ORG discovered that background thermal noise in a bulk material that contains a low-volume-fraction (VF) superconductor diminishes as it cools below Tc. Now, an examination of the plots of many suspected room temperature superconductors reveals there is a quantifiable drop in noise in them as well.
Joe Eck provided sample plots from seven different compounds, all of which are thought to contain room temperature superconductors. They all produced sharp diamagnetic, resistive and/or specific heat changes during earlier testing. A visible reduction in background noise has been found below Tc in all of them.
While not every host material displayed a reduction in noise below Tc, none showed an increase. Thermal noise either held constant or dropped in amplitude in every instance. There is no phenomenon in the physical sciences – other than superconductivity – that can explain such a drop.
Thermal noise (also known as Johnson or Nyquist noise) is a product of lattice vibrations and is directly proportional to temperature. So, as a material is slowly cooled, its thermal noise level slowly drops. In each of the plots on this page, however, the drop in thermal noise is not gradual, but sudden and sizeable. Most plots visually show a 20% to 40% reduction below Tc. Since the volume fraction of the superconductive phase is only around 0.1% of the bulk, this means the correlation is 200 to 400 times as great as the VF. This is likely due to the “proximity effect”, where nearby non-superconducting molecules take on superconductive properties. In this case those properties include a coherency of lattice vibrations that suppresses random vibrations. Since the proximity effect typically extends outward hundreds of Angstroms, a single superconductive unit cell can easily affect an equivalent volume 200 to 400 times as great.
Brian Wang is a Futurist Thought Leader and a popular Science blogger with 1 million readers per month. His blog Nextbigfuture.com is ranked #1 Science News Blog. It covers many disruptive technology and trends including Space, Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, Medicine, Anti-aging Biotechnology, and Nanotechnology.
Known for identifying cutting edge technologies, he is currently a Co-Founder of a startup and fundraiser for high potential early-stage companies. He is the Head of Research for Allocations for deep technology investments and an Angel Investor at Space Angels.
A frequent speaker at corporations, he has been a TEDx speaker, a Singularity University speaker and guest at numerous interviews for radio and podcasts. He is open to public speaking and advising engagements.