Asia could pass South America on per capita GDP around 2025. China and ASEAN countries are growing GDP at 5-7% per year and India is growing at 6-8% per year. South America has basically flat growth on GDP per capita basis. Africa remains far behind.
Asia could pass Europe on per capita GDP in about 30 years.
China has per capita purchasing power parity GDP of about $18000 at the end of 2018. This would put it behind three countries in South America (Chile, Uraguay and Argentina). China might pass Argentina in 2022-2023.