Th/U233 breeding by fusion neutrons from tokamaks is not feasible at thermonuclear ion energies, but it is viable at Ti above 200 KeV.
Bogdan Maglich says that the cause of 50 years of failures to achieve, in magnetic fusion systems, ion energy confinement time required for ignition, τE , is charge transfer scattering (CT). CT destroys beams and plasmas by neutralizing ions with giant σCT = 10^9 barn. Ignoring CT existence , ITER designers overcalculated by a factor of million expected τE = 3.8 sec Vs. max possible from classical E and M physics: 10^-6 sec (microsecond). CT neutralization dominance over ionization renders ITER a million fold energy sink at thermonuclear energies below ion energy threshold for magnetic confinement , Tmag ~ 200 KeV. In contrast, above Tmag, ionization overwhelms neutralization and τE= 24 s was achieved in colliding beam fusion 750 KeV. To make ITER , 100 KeV D0/To gas injection should be replaced by 1.4 MeV D2+ / T+ ; non-focusing magnets with strong-focusing ones; and low vacuum pumps with UHV ones.
Bogdan Maglich presented this paper at Thorium Energy Alliance Conference #6 (TEAC6), in Chicago on May 29, 2014.
Paper by Bogdan Maglich, Dan Scott (deceased) & Tim Hester of CALSEC California Science and Engineering Corp., Irvine, California
Maglich built 4 models of Migma fusion colliding ion beams.
In his attempts to raise funding for his migma research, Maglich has been associated with a string of business ventures. In 1974, he formed “MIGMA Institute of High Energy Fusion,” Fusion Energy Corp. From 1985 to 1987, he was CEO and Principal Investigator of Aneutronic Energy Labs of United Sciences, Inc. at Princeton, a research firm also known as “AELabs.” It was during this time that Maglich worked under a research grant from the United States Air Force to attempt to develop his migmatron concept into a compact power source for spacecraft with Bechtel Corp. From 1988 until 1993, he was CEO of Advanced Physics Corporation, chaired by Glenn T. Seaborg.
In 1995, Maglich founded HiEnergy Microdevices, which later became HiEnergy Technologies, Inc., a developer and manufacturer of neutron-based bomb detection equipment based on his invention of “atometery”. He continued to occupy various positions with that company until being terminated for cause. 16 months after Maglic’s departure, HiEnergy Technologies declared bankruptcy in 2007. After leaving HiEnergy Technologies, Maglich became the Chief Technology Officer of California Science & Engineering Corporation (CALSEC).
Copious T and 3He production from D(d, p) T and D(d, n) 3He reactions in 725 KeV colliding beams was observed in
weak‐focusing Self‐Collider radius 15 cm, in B=3.12 T, non‐linearly stabilized by electron cloud oscillations to 23 second confinement time. BARC’s simulations7 predict that by switching to Strong Focusing Auto Collider designed by Blewett, 10 deuterons 0.75 MeV each, will generate 1 3He +1T +1p + 1n at a total input energy cost of 10.72 MeV. Economic value of T and 3He is 65 and 120 MeV / atom respectively. We obtain economic gain 205 MeV / 10.72 MeV = 2,000% i.e. 3He production will fund entire cost of T. If first wall is made of Thorium n’s will breed fissionable 233U releasing 200 MeV per fission, at a neutron cost of 5.36 MeV versus 160 MeV in beam on target; thus resulting in no cost 3He production
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