Russia is working on a plane equipped with a new-generation airplane based combat laser, a source in the Russian defense industry. The laser is being referred to as the A-60. It is part of the Sokol-Eshelon project.
There was Soviet era work in the 1960s-1980s on an A-60 airplane based laser.
Placing a laser in a plane with a large cargo capacity will be easier than efforts to mount lasers into jets.
The A-60 Soviet aviation laser system was to be installed on the Il-76 airplane. Source: Krasnaya zvezda
Air Force Research Laboratory officials have said they plan to have a program of record for air-fired laser weapons in place by 2023.
Ground testing of a laser weapon called the High Energy Laser, or HEL, was slated to take place last year at White Sands Missile Range, N.M., service officials said. The High Energy Laser test is being conducted by the Air Force Directed Energy Directorate, Kirtland AFB, New Mexico.
The first airborne tests are expected to take place by 2021, Air Force officials have said.
The developmental efforts are focused on increasing the power, precision and guidance of existing laser weapon applications with the hope of moving from 10-kilowatts up to 100 kilowatts.
Much of the needed development involves engineering the size weight and power trades on an aircraft needed to accommodate an on-board laser weapon. Developing a mobile power-source small enough to integrate onto a fast-moving fighter jet remains a challenge for laser technology.
The Air Force plans to begin firing laser weapons from larger platforms such as C-17s and C-130s until the technological miniaturization efforts can configure the weapon to fire from fighter jets such as an F-15, F-16 or F-35.