D-Wave system shows quantum computers can learn to detect particle signatures in mountains of data, but doesn’t outpace conventional methods — yet.
A team has shown that a quantum circuit can learn to sift through reams of data from atom-smashing experiments in search of a new particle. Their proof-of-principle study — performed using a machine built by quantum-computing company D-Wave working on the now-familiar case of the Higgs boson — does not yet provide a clear advantage over conventional techniques. But the authors say that quantum machine learning could make a difference in future experiments, when the amounts data will grow even larger.
In 2012, two experiments at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN, Europe’s high-energy physics lab near Geneva, Switzerland, announced that they had proof of the existence of the Higgs boson, the last missing piece in the standard model of particle physics. The two experiments, called CMS and ATLAS, found evidence of the boson created in proton collisions from the way in which the Higgs decayed into more-common ones, such as pairs of high-energy photons. But each time the LHC collides two protons, hundreds of other particles are created, some of which can be misinterpreted as photons when they hit the detectors.
To help speed up their search for the Higgs, ATLAS and CMS physicists used simulated data to train machine-learning algorithms to tell wheat from chaff — photons from impostors.
More recently, particle physicist Maria Spiropulu, who helped lead the Higgs search at CMS, wanted to know whether a quantum computer could help to make the training process more efficient, in particular by reducing the amount of simulated data required to train the system.
The idea was to have the quantum machine find the optimal criteria that an ordinary computer could then use to look for the photon signatures of the Higgs in real data. To test their theory, the team gained access to a D-Wave machine at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles. The experiment was successful, Spiropulu says: “We can train with small data sets and find the optimal solution.”
The machine hasn’t performed better than a virtual version of itself that Spiropolu and her team ran on a conventional computer. And there is a long way to go to demonstrate that these techniques are more efficient than some existing machine-learning algorithms that are able to train on relatively small data sets.
“The interesting thing is that this whole thing works,” Mott says.
Brian Wang is a Futurist Thought Leader and a popular Science blogger with 1 million readers per month. His blog Nextbigfuture.com is ranked #1 Science News Blog. It covers many disruptive technology and trends including Space, Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, Medicine, Anti-aging Biotechnology, and Nanotechnology.
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6 thoughts on “Dwave Quantum machine goes in search of the Higgs boson”
I smell fraud
DWave has yielded very little results since 1999
I don’t know which is the bigger crock of sh1t… the Higgs Bozo or the quantum computer that can be virtual-boxed to a conventional computer.
Atom smashers are cool enough, data acquisition using ATLAS and CMS from atom smashers is bitchin’ too; all of it very expensive; all of it employs a lot of scientists and engineers. That is all good. The bad pop-science that comes out of them to justify the research is inane; awarding the Nobel Prize for it is profane.
So I take it that you have some issues with the Higgs Boson then?
More importantly, Maxwell’s Demon seems to have been implemented photonically (last year):
More than just Quantum Computing, the capabilities of Quantum Feedback Loops could enable some really crazy things.
Researchers feel confident that they can overcome the 2nd Law of Thermodynamics by using this Quantum Photonic Maxwell’s Demon:
“Although the violation is only on the local scale, the implications are far-reaching,” Vinokur said. “This provides us a platform for the practical realization of a quantum Maxwell’s demon, which could make possible a local quantum perpetual motion machine.”
Atoms are perpetual motion do-nothing machines – until they half life quit. The thermo violation wasn’t really a violation, just a redefinition at most perhaps, a wait and see gee wiz not likely fund me research more cry for attention. Skeptic!
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