NASA’s SOFIA Discovers Water in Sunlit Parts of the Moon

NASA’s Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) has confirmed, for the first time, water on the sunlit surface of the Moon. This means water could all over the moon and not just in permanently shadowed craters mostly near the north and south poles. This illustration highlights the Moon’s Clavius Crater with an illustration depicting water …

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Roger Penrose Shares Nobel Prize in Physics and Pushes His Cyclic Universes Theory

Roger Penrose has shared in the Nobel Prize in Physics for his contribution with models of Black Holes. Penrose has used the renewed attention to push his 30-year old concept of Hawking Points and cyclic universes. This theory challenges the theory of cosmic inflation. Above – CMB sky, marking 6 most prominent raised-temperature circular spots, …

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24 Exoplanets Would Be Better for Supporting Life Than Our Earth

Washington State University researchers have identified 24 top contenders for super habitable exoplanets that would be better at supporting life than the Earth. The exoplanets are all over 100 light-years away. There is now a database of 4500 exoplanets from the ongoing surveys of other stars. Superhabitable exoplanets have the following features: * are in …

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Entanglement Between Distant Macroscopic Objects Could Improve LIGO Gravity Measurements

Researchers have demonstrated entanglement between distant objects (millimeters in size and with billions atoms in a magnetic field) in a hybrid system consisting of a mechanical oscillator and an atomic spin ensemble. This constitutes a new milestone for hybrid macroscopic entanglement and for demonstration of noiseless trajectories in the negative-mass reference frame. Future applications of …

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Gravitational Lens Mission Proof of Concept Mission Proposed for 2023

NASA NIAC 2020 virtual meetings has an update on the affordable SGL (Solar Gravitational Lens) mission architecture design. National nonprofit The Aerospace Corp the Solar Gravity Lens concept received a phase III $2 million grant by NASA’s Innovative Advanced Concepts program. They described a roadmap for building the required SGL mission capability, beginning with a …

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SPEAR Using a Fission Reactor and Advanced Thermoelectrics

The Swarm-Probe Enabling ATEG Reactor, or SPEAR, is a nuclear electric propulsion spacecraft that uses a new, lightweight reactor moderator and advanced thermoelectric generators (ATEGs) to greatly reduce overall core mass. This will subsequently require a reduction in operating temperatures and reduce the total power levels achievable by the core. However, the reduced mass will …

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Lunar Crater Telescope Would Be Ten Times the Area of Arecibo

NASA Institute for Advanced Concepts symposium has a presentation of the 1000 meter Lunar Crater Radio Telescope (LCRT). It would cover ultra-long-wavelength radio waves that have not been studied before because of noise on earth. It would be the largest filled-aperture radio telescope in the solar system at 1km in diameter. Arecibo is 300 meters …

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Inflatable Antennas for High Data Rate Satellite and 5G Communications

Freefall Aerospace is a NASA NIAC (NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts) success story. The inflatable antenna system enables big data from cubesats and small low-cost spacecraft. The 3-dimensional phased array antenna technology can provide high data rate communication at virtually any frequency at a fraction of the size and cost of any existing solution. They have …

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Giant Magellan Telescope Gets Fast Tracked By National Science Foundation

The Giant Magellan Telescope has gotten $17.5 million from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to accelerate the prototyping and testing of some of the most powerful optical and infrared technologies ever engineered. The Giant Magellan Telescope will be three times the size of any ground-based optical telescope built to date. The GMT and the Thirty …

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Phosphine in Clouds of Venus Could Be Signs of Life

Phosphine Gas is in the atmosphere of Venus at 20 parts per billion and no non-biological path to explain the Phosphine. There are no currently known abiotic production routes in Venus’s atmosphere, clouds, surface and subsurface, or from lightning, volcanic or meteoritic delivery. It is either unknown photochemistry or geochemistry or there is some kind …

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Roman Space Telescope AKA WFIRST Field of View 100 Times Hubble

The Nancy Grace Roman Space Telescope (Wide Field Infrared Survey Telescope or WFIRST) is a NASA infrared space observatory that will launch in 2025. The funding for this and all NASA projects is precarious. NASA’s ability to execute on large, multi-year science project has also been less than reliable. Roman uses an existing 2.4-meter wide …

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