Lunar SpaceX Starship Funding Means Human Rated SHS By 2023 or 2024

The $2.9 billion NASA funding for the SpaceX Lunar Starship means that a Starship will get man-rated for four astronauts. This means getting the chance of loss of crew less than one in 500 for a lunar landing. SpaceX Lunar Starship will only initially support four astronauts because the launch will be performed by SLS …

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Lunar Radio Telescope Array

Lunar Resources, Inc has a NASA NIAC grant to perform an end-to-end system-level study of how to build a very large low frequency (5-40 MHz) radio observatory. Lunar Resources’ novel lunar resource extraction and space manufacturing technologies are enabling more than 95% of the observatory’s mass to be extracted and then manufactured on the moon. …

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NASA Awards SpaceX $2.9 Billion Lunar Lander Contract

NASA has selected SpaceX to continue development of the first commercial human lander that will safely carry the next two American astronauts to the lunar surface. NASA is still going to use the overpriced Space Launch System rocket to launch four astronauts aboard the Orion spacecraft for their multi-day journey to lunar orbit. There, two …

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Direct Laser Propulsion For Earth-Mars in 30 Days and Eventually 2.5 Days

Limitless Space Institute gave out nine interstellar space-related grants for about $1 million to 2 million each. Phil Lubin’s direct laser propulsion group received a grant and they will use to prove out their directed laser propulsion system at the 10-20 watt level. They are also working on components at the kilowatt to tens of …

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Space Tourism and Industry to Get to Colonization Critical Mass

Could space tourism enable lunar and orbital colonization to reach critical mass? I view colonization critical mass to be over 300k people. Around 1745, the American colonies passed a population of 1 million. This population had doubled twice from 250,000 people in 1700 and nearly tripled by 1780 to 2.7 million. SpaceX Super Heavy Starship …

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Microwave Water Splitting for Breakthroughs for Making Hydrogen, Oxygen and Fast Battery Charging

Researchers from the Polytechnic University of Valencia and the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) report contactless H2 production via water electrolysis mediated by the microwave-triggered redox activation of solid-state ionic materials at low temperatures (less than 250 °C). This will simplify and significantly cheapen the process for hydrogen production. Water was reduced via reaction with non-equilibrium …

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40,000 Square Kilometers of the Lunar Surface Can Hold Water

A new study finds 40,000 square kilometers of the lunar surface has the capacity to hold water, which is about double previous estimates. 0.15% of the lunar surface is permanently shadowed, with ~10% of this area distributed in patches smaller than 100 m, that is at scales smaller than previously mapped by LOLA topography-based illumination models. …

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