New Water Treatment Technology Could Fix Mars Soil and Earth Soil

UC Riverside engineers have developed a catalyst to remove a dangerous chemical from water on Earth that could also make Martian soil safer for agriculture and help produce oxygen for human Mars explorers. Perchlorate, a negative ion consisting of one chlorine atom bonded to four oxygen atoms, occurs naturally in some soils on Earth, and …

Read more

$500 Billion to Bring All World Crop Farming Indoors

China will build 2 Million hectares (20 billion square meters) of controlled environment greenhouses by 2025 and this will produce half of their vegetables and crop needs. Temperature, humidity, lighting would all be under controlled conditions. It would not matter if there were new extreme temperature swings outside or if there was drought. The needed …

Read more

Food and Water Worries Are Not Reasons to Fight Climate Change

There are various doomers who say because of climate change farming and food production will collapse by 2060 but they ignore that greenhouses are built in the desert. UN Food and Agriculture Organization study from 2015, under a high-emission climate scenario, harvest reductions by 2100 of between -20 and -45 percent are expected for maize …

Read more

Comparing the Life Extension Era with the Pre-Life Extension Era

Life extension has been happening for over 100 years. It doubled in the UK from 40 years to 80 years from 1850 to 2015. It has almost tripled in India from 24 to 69 from 1920 to 2015. An article written by Matthew Bacher on increasing life expectancy is like many other articles that do …

Read more

Consistent Density For Desalination Membranes Can Increase Efficiency by Up to 40%

New research could increase desalination membrane efficiency by 30% to 40% resulting in more water filtered with less energy/A> — a potential cost-saving update to current desalination processes. “Reverse osmosis membranes are so widely used for cleaning water, but there’s still a lot we don’t know about them,” Kumar said. “We couldn’t really say how …

Read more

40,000 Square Kilometers of the Lunar Surface Can Hold Water

A new study finds 40,000 square kilometers of the lunar surface has the capacity to hold water, which is about double previous estimates. 0.15% of the lunar surface is permanently shadowed, with ~10% of this area distributed in patches smaller than 100 m, that is at scales smaller than previously mapped by LOLA topography-based illumination models. …

Read more

NASA’s SOFIA Discovers Water in Sunlit Parts of the Moon

NASA’s Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) has confirmed, for the first time, water on the sunlit surface of the Moon. This means water could all over the moon and not just in permanently shadowed craters mostly near the north and south poles. This illustration highlights the Moon’s Clavius Crater with an illustration depicting water …

Read more

Four Buried Lakes on Mars

Researchers have confirmed the presence of a lake discovered two years ago and found three more lakes. Radar data from the European Space Agency Mars Express was analyzed to reveal the lakes. The Mars Advanced Radar for Subsurface and Ionosphere Sounding (MARSIS) sent radio waves that bounce off layers of material in the planet’s surface …

Read more

Solar Towers For Lunar Energy and Microwave Moon Mining

NASA NIAC has an update on the Lunar Polar Mining Outpost (LPMO). It is a breakthrough mission architecture that promises to greatly reduce the cost of human exploration and industrialization of the Moon. The first invention, Sun Flower stems from a new insight into lunar topography. Multi-kilometer landing areas in lunar polar regions are likely …

Read more

Over 100 Times More Energy Efficient Moon Mining By Sorting Ice Grains

Micrometeoroid bombardment has already broken most solid material in the upper part of the regolith into fine grains. This includes solid material of all compositions, including the ice, which is as hard as granite at PSR temperatures and is therefore essentially another type of rock. These ice grains are intermixed with all the other minerals, …

Read more