materials Archive

batteriesMove Aside Lithium – Vanadium is the New Super-Metal

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It’s the most critical economic resource you’ve never heard of. Element “V”. Without this unknown commodity, you can’t build as strong a bridge, factory or skyscraper. It’s used extensively in planes, trains and supertankers. It could soon form the backbone …

additive manufacturingCatalyzing major human space activities by 2030

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This October the Tennessee Valley Interstellar Workshop is hosting a special Symposium at the Y-12 New Hope Center in Oak Ridge TN that will promote safe, fast, and affordable human development of our solar system – the first real steps …

futureEarth Space Elevators are not close and may never be

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Peter Swan, president of International Space Elevator Consortium (ISEC), was quoted as saying that an Earth Based Space elevator could cost close to $10 billion to build and could reduce the cost of putting things into orbit from roughly $3,500 …

laserDiffracted solar sail

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There is a NASA NIAC study to improved laser pushed sails with advanced diffracted solar sail. Advanced diffractive films may afford advantages over passive reflective surfaces for a variety space missions that use solar or laser in-space propulsion. Three cases …

climate changeEliminating 1.7 billion tons of CO2 per year with electrified steelmaking

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Boston Metal has developed technology to electrify steelmaking and this could reduce CO2 emissions by 5%. They would use an electrolytic cell instead of a blast furnace. It would use electricity—rather than carbon—to process raw iron ore. In steelmaking today, …

astronomyNeutron star material is ten billion times stronger than steel

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Computer calculations and simulations found that materials inside neutrons stars are the strongest known material in the universe. The neutron star material is ten billion times stronger than steel. Neutron stars are born after supernovas, an implosion that compresses an …

colonizationExisting technology to mine water and ice on Mars

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Kris Zacny, Mining Water on Mars. From the 21st Annual International Mars Society Convention, held at the Pasadena Convention Center in Southern California from Aug 23-26, 2018. You have to launch 226 kilograms from Earth for every 1 kilogram of …

carbon nanotubes25+ year journey to superstrong carbon nanotube bundles

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In 1991, Sumio Iijima’s discovered multi-walled carbon nanotubes in the insoluble material of arc-burned graphite rods and Mintmire, Dunlap, and White’s independent prediction that if single-walled carbon nanotubes could be made, then they would exhibit remarkable conducting properties helped create …

environmentFirst Ocean Cleanup System will begin operations in a few weeks and sixty systems will remove 50% of ocean plastic within 5 years

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After six months of assembly, the System 001 Ocean Cleanup system is officially complete. The cleanup system will start to be towed in two days by the Maersk Launcher. The system (floater, skirt and stabilizers) were transferred into the lagoon …

colonizationNASA Development of machines to build on Mars and the Moon

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There is a NASA review of the resources available on the Mars and the Moon and development of machines for construction on the moon and Mars. This was from slides by Robert P. Mueller, Senior Technologist / Engineer, NASA, Kennedy …