oceans

climate changeFixing Energy and Transportation or Use Environmental Judo

Changing energy and transportation in the US in an expensive way will not by itself deflect world greenhouse gas emissions. It will cost about $50-200 per ton of CO2 doing it that way. And it will take many decades. The …

oceansUnderstanding Northern Pacific Ocean Iron and Phosphorous Shortages

The vast subtropical “gyres” – large systems of rotating currents in the middle of the oceans – cover 40 percent of the Earth’s surface and have long been considered biological deserts with stratified waters that contain very little nutrients to …

agricultureClimate Doomers Demand We Change Everything Instead of Guilt-Free Actual Fixes

There is another doomer scenario that civilization will collapse because of climate change. This new doomer report is from the Australian National Centre for Climate Restoration. All of the climate change doomer scenarios assume that the only way to adjust …

energyOcean Acidity is 30% Higher and On Track to 150% Higher by 2100

Ocean acidification is the ongoing decrease in the pH of the Earth’s oceans, caused by the uptake of carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere. Seawater is slightly basic (meaning pH is over 7), and ocean acidification involves a shift towards …

materialsMost Plastic Was Not Recycled But Was Dumped

78% (830,000 tonnes) of the 2018 U.S. plastic waste exports were sent to countries with waste “mismanagement rates” greater than 5%. Mismanagement means the plastic was probably dumped in a river. The actual mismanagement rates in China, India and Vietnam …

agricultureWhat if We Skip Wrecking the World Economy and Jump to Fixing the Atmosphere?

What if we could stop temperature rise and roll back world temperatures as needed? What if we could fix the atmosphere without wrecking the economy but just added a profitable business? Do we have to completely change energy, transportation and …

australiaThe Oceans and Kelp are Critical to Solving Climate Change

Trees can help with climate change and CO2 emissions but we would need about 150 Brazilian rain forests to offset current global emissions. This would be about 50 trillion trees. A more powerful biological offset would be to use kelp …

materialsNautilus Minerals Deep-sea Mining Company Running Out of Money

Nautilus Minerals setup over 12 years ago with the goal of deep-sea mining. They built giant robotics machines and systems to mine metals such as gold, zinc and copper from the bottom of the ocean. They wanted to Nautilus’s big …